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Music as technology_2.3

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Slides for the talk we presented at ISMIR 2016, on the everday use of music and its relationship to "flow" states.

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Music as technology_2.3

  1. 1. How to raise interest in new genres? How to support crowd input and curation in recommendation? Background, part 1: Open Questions from Past Work
  2. 2. Background, part 2: Music is Everywhere
  3. 3. Music Technology technology “A manner of accomplishing a task especially using technical processes, methods, or knowledge…” merriam-webster.com “Headphones” by Sascha Kohlmann / CC BY 2.0
  4. 4. “Music As Technology” “Headphones” by Sascha Kohlmann / CC BY 2.0 technology “A manner of accomplishing a task especially using technical processes, methods, or knowledge…” merriam-webster.com
  5. 5. What Music Is What Music Does
  6. 6. “Music As Technology” (DeNora, 1999) “Headphones” by Sascha Kohlmann / CC BY 2.0 1. vary by activity 2. change internal states 3. awareness of effects of specific songs
  7. 7. Music as Accompaniment 1hr active listening vs. 2-4 hrs passive listening (Kamalzadeh, Baur & Möller, 2012) less than 2% active listening (Sloboda, O’Neil & Ivaldi, 2001) 11.6% active listening (North, Hargreaves & Hargreaves, 2004) “Paris metro line 4 at Châtelet during evening rush hour” by Minato-Ku/ CC BY-SA 4.0
  8. 8. Music as a Psychological Tool (North, Hargreaves & Hargreaves, 2004; Sloboda, O’Neill & Ivaldi, 2001; DeNora 1999) 1. arousal 2. mood 3. emotion “Portret van een man” by Gert Germeraad / CC BY-SA 3.0
  9. 9. Music as a Psychological Tool “Portret van een man” by Gert Germeraad / CC BY-SA 3.0 Preference for tailored playlists (Kamalzadeh, Baur & Möller, 2012) Greater positive effects (North, Hargreaves & Hargreaves, 2004)) Present-mindedness and arousal (Sloboda, O’Neill & Ivaldi, 2001)
  10. 10. Music and the Brain • Brain stem responses • Rhythmic entrainment • Evaluative conditioning • Contagion • Visual imagery • Episodic memory • Musical expectancy • Aesthetic judgment BRECVEMA model (Juslin, 2013) “Brain Human Brain” by pixabay / CC0 1.0
  11. 11. “Flow” • Complete focus • Balance of skill and challenge • Intrinsically rewarding • Loss of sense of self • Loss of sense of time (see Nakamura, & Csikszentmihalyi, 2004) “Challenge vs. skill, showing ’flow’ region” by Oliver Beatson / CC BY-SA 3.0
  12. 12. Flow and the Brain • Synchronization of attentional and reward networks “Brain Human Brain” by pixabay / CC0 1.0 (Weber, Tamborini, Westcott-Baker, & Kantor 2009) • Reducing brain stem responses (http://www.focusatwill.com)
  13. 13. Why Music As Technology Is Interesting
  14. 14. Interdisciplinary Merit Musical Emotions “Flow” “Handshake” by pixabay / CC0 1.0
  15. 15. New Services & Big Data Challenges MIR in the wild: new features, models, metrics? Beyond download charts: music as means to achieve ends?
  16. 16. Beyond Love at First Listen “Illustration of a red heart isolated on a transparent background” by pixabella / CC0 1.0 “Ear-phones Headphone” by pixabay / CC0 1.0
  17. 17. Let’s Talk ”The Discussion” by Adrian Snood / CC BY-NC 2.0 Burning questions: fire away right now  Further discussion at Unconference? andrew.m.demetriou@gmail.com m.a.larson@tudelft.nl c.c.s.liem@tudelft.nl

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