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Emerging carbon economies in northern Australia


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Workshop presentation at Carbon Expo 2012, Melbourne

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Emerging carbon economies in northern Australia

  1. 1. carbon economies in northern Australia Andrew Campbell Shaun Ansell, Rowan FoleyTerrahGuymala, Geoff Lipsett-Moore Andrew Roberts
  2. 2. The local coNText place-based distinctiveness• Relatively intact, vast landscapes and seascapes − the largest network of free-flowing rivers in the world• Extraordinary cultural heritage, ancient and contemporary• Rich opportunities & intense development pressures − more than $1 trillion of resources projects in the pipeline• Strategic national significance on the edge of Asia• Darwin closer to Jakarta, Singapore and KL than to Sydney − Closest Australian university (JCU) is 2500km away
  3. 3. Savannas burn every year• Dry season - highly flammable landscape• Exacerbated by introduced weeds, especially Gamba Grass• Fire emits Greenhouse gases  CO2, methane, N20 Photo Sam Setterfield
  4. 4. WALFA – savanna fire abatement scheme• Western Arnhemland – 25,000 km2 (6 million acres) – Significant biodiversity hot spot – Significant fire problem• Unique partnership between traditional owners, NT and Commonwealth Governments and private funders• Aims – Shift fire regimes at landscape scales – Reintroduce traditional burning regime, increase early dry season fires and patchiness – Accurately quantify savanna GHG emission factors – Develop remote sensing techniques to map fires and calculate emissions
  5. 5. Savanna burning – 2011 fire scars
  6. 6. West Arnhem Land Fire Abatement Project 80% 70% EDS (a) Seasonality of 60% LDS Proportion burnt burning 50% Total 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 700 (b) GHG Emissions Pre-project baseline Emissions t.CO2-e * 1000 600 500Conoco Phillips $20m 400Inpex $37m 300 200Biodiversity Fund $?? 100Other investors? 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  7. 7. Before After
  8. 8. The orange, red to pink areas represent the significant fire abatement opportunities (where we have the greatest frequency of late dry season wildfires)
  9. 9. Conservation Country CultureCommunity Carbon Careers
  10. 10. Fish River Fire Project
  11. 11. The orange, red to pink areas represent the significant fire abatement opportunitiesFishRiverStation
  12. 12. 90.00% Fish River Fire Project Emissions Performance % AREA EDS80.00%70.00% %AREA LDS60.00% % Area burnt50.00%40.00%30.00%20.00%10.00% 0.00% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Base line Fire Avg Project Base Line Period Fire Project Implemented Avg 37,000 tonnes emissions 20,000 tonnes 17,000 tonnes emissions abatement
  13. 13. Rowan Foley General ManagerAboriginal Carbon Fund(not for profit company)
  14. 14. a. National Indigenous Climate Change (NICC) Forum held in Alice Springs March 2011  attended by over 50 Indigenous leaders, Land Councils, DCCEE and corporatesb. Indigenous delegation @ Senate Inquiry into CFIc. Indigenous Negotiation Roundtables in Canberra, Melbourne and Townsville with the Hon. Mark Dreyfus (Parliamentary Secretary for Climate Change)
  15. 15. a. $22m Indigenous Carbon Farming Fund,b. Indigenous seat on the $1.7b Land Sector Carbon Board,c. $29m of funding from first round of Biodiversity Fundd. Indigenous Negotiation Roundtablese. Recognition of native title rights and interests in CFIf. Amendment of ALP policyg. Development of the Indigenous Co-benefits Criteria and Requirements to inform the Development of Australia’s CFIh. Participation in the UN Workshop on Climate Change Mitigation with Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples.
  16. 16.  Enrichment Planting Methodology Development Steering Committee:Kimberley Training Institute, RIRDC, CSIRO, RM Williams, NT Parks & Wildlife, Allens and Commonwealth Bank Gubinge (Kakadu plum) propagation Broome
  17. 17.  Blue Carbon Methodology Working Group: AIMS, GBRMPA, QLD Dept of Fisheries, Balkanu, TSRA, Tierra Mar consulting, Alloporus Environmental, Allens and Charles Darwin University Torres Strait Regional Sea Claim
  18. 18.  Australian Carbon Rangelands Enterprise (ACRE) Rangelands Methodology Fauna and Flora International, RM Williams Agricultural, Canopy, Aboriginal Carbon Fund, NorthWest Carbon, Do-Tank and Bush Heritage
  19. 19. 1. A Fair Carbon Australia system to mitigate risk and promote a fair price for a genuine product2. An Aboriginal Carbon Standard tool so community based Traditional Owner and/or ranger groups can undertake 99% of project development and auditing3. An annual Indigenous Carbon and Co-benefits Investment Forum4. Indigenous and environmental co-benefits promoted as integral to all carbon projects for a premium price5. The regulatory role of Australian Government is kept minimal, allowing Indigenous land and sea owning groups to negotiate a fair price within a mutually agreed framework
  20. 20. 6. National Reserve System modified to allow land owners the ability to engage in both carbon and cattle markets within a conservation framework7. State and Territory Governments allow Indigenous groups to trade ACCU’s from their land = real jobs in a real economy8. Public register detailing all companies, institutions and government agencies source ACCU offsets from TOs9. Indigenous Negotiation Roundtable provides direct advice and guidance to Ministers and officials10. Indigenous carbon trading offices in Europe and/or Asia in 10 years.
  21. 21.  Fledgling industry will make mistakes Lack of industry standards (focus on govt regulation) Non-Indigenous groups accessing Indigenous funding Too many ‘carbon baggers’ Project failures damage our brand Risks and rate of returns to investors not well understood Industry overheads too high, not enough professionals operating at competitive rates Not enough carbon agreements in place with 500 companies Cost shifting by governments
  22. 22. For more info: 31