CWAID meetup - WAI update 2015

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An overview of the outputs from the W3C Web Accessibility Initiative groups during 2014 - WCAG, ATAG, UAAG, accessibility evaluation, accessibility tutorials, etc

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CWAID meetup - WAI update 2015

  1. 1. Web Accessibility Initiative 2014/15 Update Andrew Arch - @amja Member, WAI Education & Outreach Working Group 24 March 2015 Canberra Web Accessibility & Inclusive Design meetup
  2. 2. Integrated Accessibility Guidelines  As a reminder, the next slide introduces the three WAI standards and how they relate: • WCAG • UAAG • ATAG  The slide also includes W3C technologies – HTML, CSS, etc plus WAI-ARIA and IndieUI  The graphics are drawn from: • Essential Components of Web Accessibility Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  3. 3. Integrated Accessibility Standards
  4. 4. W3C process  How WAI Develops Accessibility Guidelines through the W3C Process • Working Draft(s) • Last Call Working Draft • Candidate Recommendation • Proposed Recommendation • W3C Recommendation (Web Standard) Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  5. 5. 2014-15 activity What has the W3C and WAI done this past year?
  6. 6. HTML5  Became a Technical Recommendation in October 2014  Includes MathML – Browser support is increasing  HTML 5.1 is under active development Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  7. 7. HTML5 accessibility  Using WAI-ARIA in HTML (June 2014)  HTML5: Techniques for providing useful text alternatives - draft updated (Oct 2014)  HTML5 Image Description extension (longdesc) – W3C Rec (Feb 2015)  HTML5 feature accessibility support in Windows Browsers (Nov 2014) Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  8. 8. WCAG 2.0 clarifications  Techniques for WCAG 2.0  Understanding WCAG 2.0 • Both last updated February 2015 • Understanding Techniques for WCAG Success Criteria • “Techniques are informative — that means they are not required.” However, many organisations require them, and most tools use them as the basis for testing. Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  9. 9. WCAG 2.0 Quick Reference  How to Meet WCAG 2.0 quick reference • Updated September 2014  Redesign (mockup) of How to Meet WCAG 2.0: A customizable quick reference • Work underway announced February 2015 Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  10. 10. WCAG 2.0 internationalisation  Additional authorised translations released • Estonian – December 2013 • Portuguese (PT & BR) – October 2014 • Simplified Chinese – October 2014  WCAG 2.0 Translations has a list of other completed and planned translations Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  11. 11. UAAG 2.0  User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 2.0  UAAG 2.0 Reference: Explanations, Examples, and Resources • Updated working drafts released for both in September 2014 Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  12. 12. ATAG 2.0  Implementation testing – Candidate Recommendation • Ongoing since November 2013 • Call for volunteers to help test authoring tools for conformance to ATAG success criteria Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  13. 13. IndieUI  Independent User Interface (IndieUI) • A way for user actions to be communicated to web applications independently of the device • Events for User Interface Independence (updated May 2014) • User Context for web interface preferences (updated June 2014) Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  14. 14. WAI-ARIA  WAI-ARIA 1.0 finalised as Technical Recommendation (March 2014)  WAI-ARIA 1.0 User Agent Implementation Guide (March 2014)  WAI-ARIA 1.0 Authoring Practices (Editors' Draft - April 2014)  WAI-ARIA 1.1 commenced drafting (June 2014) Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  15. 15. Video  Timed Text Working Group • Part of the Video in the Web Activity • WebVTT: The Web Video Text Tracks Format - First Public Working Draft published (Nov 2014) • WebVTT files provide captions or subtitles for video content • Used for marking up external text track resources in connection with the HTML5 <track> element Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  16. 16. Web Accessibility Testing  Website Accessibility Conformance Methodology (WCAG-EM) • Finalised – August 2014 • Five steps: 1. Define the scope 2. Explore the target website 3. Select a representative sample 4. Audit the selected sample 5. Report the evaluation findings Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  17. 17. Testing cont …  WCAG-EM Report Tool: Accessibility Evaluation Report Generator • V1.0 released March 2015 • Helps generate website accessibility evaluation reports according to WCAG-EM • Does not undertake testing – enables recording of your testing activities Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  18. 18. Testing cont …  Easy Checks – A first review of web accessibility • Finalised December 2014 • Nine easy things for non-experts to check  Web Accessibility Evaluation Tools List • Call for tool information – December 2014 • Updated database of tools • 48 tools and growing  • 38 WCAG2 specific tools listed Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  19. 19. Training resources  Tutorials for developers • Published • Images • Tables • Forms • In development • Carousels • Menus • Page Structure Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  20. 20. WAI groups  Digital Publishing interest group • part of the Digital Publishing Activity • Bridging the Web and Digital Publishing - presentation (October 2014) • Bridging the Web and Digital Publishing: EPUBWEB (November 2014) Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  21. 21. WAI groups cont …  Mobile Accessibility Task Force • Develop specific mobile guidance related to WCAG and UAAG • Mobile a11y resources • iOS, Android, Windows 8 Phone, Microsoft Surface, Blackberry, Firefox OS • Mobile Accessibility - How WCAG 2.0 and Other W3C/WAI Guidelines Apply • Call for review February 2015 Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  22. 22. WAI groups cont …  Cognitive Accessibility Task Force • Develop specific guidance related to cognitive and learning disabilities • First Public Working Draft of Cognitive Accessibility User Research • Published January 2015 Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  23. 23. WAI groups cont …  SVG Accessibility Task Force • Identification of the accessibility requirements and management of the progress of accessibility solutions in SVG2 • First Public Working Draft of SVG Accessibility API Mappings • Published February 2015 Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  24. 24. WAI groups cont …  W3C Community Groups • open forums … to connect with W3C's international community of Web experts • Colour Blindness Accessibility (Nov 2014) • Existing accessibility groups: • Accessible Infographics • Accessible SVG • CSS Accessibility • Mobile Accessibility • WAI-Engage: Web Accessibility Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  25. 25. R&D Symposiums  Accessible e-Learning • 16 December 2013  Accessible Way-Finding Using Web Technologies • 3 December 2014  Previous Symposia Reports • WAI Research and Development Working Group Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/
  26. 26. Keeping up-to-date  WAI home page  WAI Highlights Archives  WAI Interest Group • A public group with a mailing list for general discussion on Web accessibility • WAI-IG mailing list archives Developed with material from W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) www.w3.org/WAI/

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