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It has been almost 62 years since the invention of the term Artificial Intelligence by Samuel and Minsky et al. at the Dartmouth workshop College in 1956 (“Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence”) where this new area of Computer Science was invented. However, the history of Artificial Intelligence goes back to previous millennia, when the Greeks in their Myths spoke about golden robots at Hephaestus, and the Galatea of Pygmalion. They were the first automatons known at the dawn of history, and although these first attempts were only myths, automatons were invented and built through multiple civilizations in history. Nevertheless, these automatons resembled in quite limited way their final objectives, representing animals and humans. In spite of that, the greatest illusion of an automaton, the Turk by Wolfgang von Kempelen, inspired many people, trough its exhibitions, as Alexander Graham Bell and Charles Babbage to develop inventions that would change forever human history. Thus, the importance of the concept “Artificial Intelligence” as a driver of our technological dreams. And although Artificial Intelligence has never been defined in a precise practical way, the amount of research and methods that have been developed to tackle some of its basics tasks have been and are quite humongous. Thus, the importance of having an introduction to the concepts of Artificial Intelligence, thus the dream can continue.