Andres Manuel Olivares Miranda | Inside Five Different Types of Skiing
Andres Manuel Olivares Miranda
Downhill, or alpine, skiing is the type that most people think of
when referring to skiing. This type is done at resorts with ski lifts
on courses that are marked and patrolled. The necessary gear
consists of stiff plastic boots that latch into fixed-heel bindings
that are mounted to the set of skis. Keeping skis parallel while
making turns helps skiers to get down.
Backcountry skiing, sometimes referred
to as off-piste skiing, is any kind of
skiing that isn’t done in the patrolled
boundaries of a designated ski area.
Typically, alpine touring or telemark
gear is used, using climbing skins and
bindings to ski uphill before heading
back down. Before going backcountry
skiing, you have to be adequately
equipped and ensure that you’ve
educated yourself on what to do in the
case of an avalanche. This includes
knowing how to do an avalanche
assessment and rescue.
Ski mountaineering combines
backcountry skiing and hiking.
Skiers focus on reaching the
summit of a mountain before
skiing back down. Typically,
alpine gear is used for
traveling across the snowy
slopes and glaciers. In addition
to traditional backcountry
gear, skiers may also need ski
and boot crampons and an ice
CROSS COUNTRY SKIING
This type of skiing is generally done on gentler, rolling landscapes compared to
the terrain used for downhill skiing. The skis used are long and thin, with flexible
boots designed to attach to the skis via bindings which leave your heels free.
Instead of relying on a lift to carry you uphill, you climb the hills yourself. Within
cross country skiing, there are two different types: classic skiing and skate skiing.
In classic skiing, your skis remain parallel as you glide forward and back. With
skate skiing, you use skis that are slightly shorter and kick them out to the side
to move forward.
Freestyle skiing adds in acrobatic tricks
to the sport of skiing. Tricks include
jumps, moguls, somersaults and twists.
It’s usually practiced at downhill ski
resorts on a course with terrain features
created explicitly for freestyle skiers.
The same type of gear used for
downhill skiing can be used in this form