Activity Sheet: Background Information: Understanding Multiple Intelligences*Howard Gardner, a Harvard professor, did pioneering research in this area. He maintains that measuringintelligence (IQ) with one number is misleading. It leads us to believe that there is one intelligence.According to Dr. Gardner, there are actually eight intelligences.t That is, we have eight different abilitiesto pick from when solving problems. Unfortunately, many of us have been trained to use only two orthree of these. Just think of what we can do once we tap into as many of the eight intelligences aspossible!The Eight Intelligences*Although some of our eight intelligences are more advanced than the others, we have traces of eachintelligence. Some may be highly developed and some a little less developed. Here is Gardners list (withclarification in parentheses provided from the work of Thomas Armstrong).Linguistic intelligence (word smart). You are good with the written word. You can express yourselfwith language. Occupations include writer, speaker, lawyer, and teacher.Logical mathematical intelligence (number smart). You can think abstractly and solve problems.Logic and order are strengths for you. You understand cause and effect. Manipulation of numbers comeseasily. Occupations include scientist and mathematician.Spatial intelligence (art smart). You can recreate your world visually. A sound sense of direction isinvolved, too. Occupations include sculptor, painter, and anatomy teacher.Bodily—kinesthetic intelligence (body smart). You have coordinated control of your own body. Thereis a strong sense of learning by movement or action. You can effectively use your hands, fingers, andarms to make something. Occupations include athlete, actor, and dancer.Musical intelligence (music smart). You have the ability to use the major components of music(rhythm or pitch). You can recognize patterns and use them effectively. Occupations include musicianand dancer.Interpersonal intelligence (people smart). You have an understanding of the mood and motives ofthose with whom you associate. If you are to effectively deal with other people you must be skilled in thisintelligence. Occupations include teacher, politician, and salesperson.Intrapersonal intelligence (me smart). You understand yourself and can apply that knowledge in real-life situations to produce the best results. You understand what is good for you. You know who you areand what you can do. You know what to associate with and what to avoid. Occupations includeindependent contractor.Naturalistic intelligence (nature smart). You can understand, explain, and relate to things in thenatural world around you. You have a unique ability to classify and separate items based oncharacteristics. Occupations include botanist, zoologist, archaeologist, and environmentalist.*Rhythms of College Success: A Journey of Discovery Change, and Mastery. Piscitelli, S. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, 2008, 99-100.tGardners groundbreaking book is entitled Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (1993).tA ninth intelligence is being investigated—spiritual. This intelligence refers to the ability to connect with nonphysical or metaphysical stimuli. Forour purposes we will look at the first eight.§Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom. Armstrong, T. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994 .
Activity Sheet: Prioritize Your Intelligences*NAME: ANDRES GARCIAList the intelligences in order from the one intelligence that is most developed in you tothe one that is least developed as they relate to you. Write a brief description how youhave come to believe this. Be specific (perhaps give an example that explains yourranking).My most (1st) developed intelligence is: Intrapersonal intelligence (me smart) o My evidence is: My passion for business.My 2nd most developed intelligence is: Linguistic intelligence (word smart) o My evidence is: I like to communicate in front of audience. For example; I am passionate to preach the word of God.My 3rd most developed intelligence is: Logical mathematical intelligence (numbersmart). o My evidence is: I have a good habit of managing the money of my household.My 4th most developed intelligence is: Interpersonal intelligence (people smart). o My evidence is: I am in charge of a great group from my church in which I teach.My 5th most developed intelligence is: Spatial intelligence (art smart). o My evidence is: I remember winning a lot of art contests in middle and high school.My 6th most developed intelligence is: Bodily—kinesthetic intelligence (body smart). o My evidence is: I took an acting class with a great actor named Sebastian Ligarde.My 7th most developed intelligence is: Musical intelligence (music smart). o My evidence is: I know how to play the guitar, bass guitar and piano.My 8th most developed intelligence is: Naturalistic intelligence (nature smart). o My evidence is : I always keep in mind elementary school times in which we would had to go to botanist places do learn and know more nature itself.Finally, what insights can you draw from this activity? It helps you a lot to think moredeep about who you are and different intelligences there are in you, in order to be a
better person.*Instructors manual to accompany Study Skills: Do 1 Really Need This Stuff? 2nd Edition. Piscitelli, S.Boston, MA: Pearson Education, 2009.