SUSTAINABILITY AND SPECIFICATIONS Walsh Bishop G3 Summit June 1, 2006 Presenter: Andy Marolt, CSI, CCS, LEED AP
Sustainable Development <ul><li>Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future...
Sustainability Relative to the Performance of Buildings <ul><li>“…the maintenance of ecosystem components and functions fo...
Sustainable Construction <ul><li>“ Creating and operating a healthy built environment based on resource efficiency and eco...
The Seven Principles of Sustainable Construction  <ul><li>Reduce resource consumption (reduce)  </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse re...
Getting Started <ul><li>“ Everything after the initial decision by the owner to build a building is about communication—ho...
Communicating Sustainable Design <ul><li>Drawings.  The graphic representation of the work upon which the contract is base...
Sustainability and Drawings, General <ul><li>Daylighting </li></ul><ul><li>Interior Sightlines to Windows </li></ul><ul><l...
Contract Requirements <ul><li>AIA B211-2004, Standard Form of Architect’s Services:  Commissioning </li></ul><ul><li>AIA B...
Division 1 - General Requirements <ul><li>The General Requirements specify the administration and general performance crit...
01 23 10 - Alternates <ul><li>Alternates for green products can be specified when Owner is considering green products; but...
01 33 39 - Sustainable Design Requirements <ul><li>This section is most associated with LEED projects  </li></ul><ul><li>I...
01 74 19 - Construction Waste Management <ul><li>Reduce  waste leading to  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource optimization and...
01 91 00 - Commissioning <ul><li>“ The basic purpose of building commissioning is to provide documented confirmation that ...
The Technical Sections,  Divisions 3-49 <ul><li>“Delve! mould! pile the words of the earth!”  </li></ul><ul><li>-- Walt Wh...
Division 3 - Concrete <ul><li>Reclaimed or sustainably harvested wood formwork </li></ul><ul><li>Biodegradable and zero-VO...
Division 4 - Masonry <ul><li>Insulating concrete form masonry units (ICFU) </li></ul><ul><li>Specify requirements for crus...
Division 5 - Metals <ul><li>Specify mechanical methods for preparing steel in lieu of chemical methods to reduce hazardous...
Division 6 – Woods, Plastics and Composites <ul><li>Wood certified from sustainable forestry practices (i.e. FSC) </li></u...
Division 7 – Thermal and Moisture Protection <ul><li>Building Insulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rigid insulation materials ...
Division 8 – Openings <ul><li>Fenestration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thermally broken curtain wall framing, storefront framing...
Division 9 - Finishes <ul><li>Gypsum Board </li></ul><ul><ul><li>48 inch and 54 inch widths to reduce construction waste <...
Division 10 - Specialties <ul><li>Recycled plastic toilet partitions and wall guards </li></ul><ul><li>HCFC-free fire exti...
Division 11 - Specialties <ul><li>Loading dock bumpers manufactured from recycled rubber </li></ul><ul><li>ENERGY STAR res...
Division 12 - Furnishings <ul><li>Modular casework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FSC-certified veneers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Division 13 – Special Construction <ul><li>Sound and vibration control for reducing occupant complaints </li></ul><ul><li>...
Division 14 – Conveying Systems <ul><li>Hydraulic Elevators.  Hole-less elevators whenever possible to eliminate drilling ...
Resources <ul><li>ARCOM,  Specifying LEED Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Kibert, Charles J.,  Sustainable Construction   <...
<ul><li>“There can be no theory of any account unless it corroborate the theory of the earth” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Walt Wh...
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Sustainability and Specifications

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A presentation to staff demonstrating the impact construction specifications have on executing sustainable design.

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Sustainability and Specifications

  1. 1. SUSTAINABILITY AND SPECIFICATIONS Walsh Bishop G3 Summit June 1, 2006 Presenter: Andy Marolt, CSI, CCS, LEED AP
  2. 2. Sustainable Development <ul><li>Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sustainability Relative to the Performance of Buildings <ul><li>“…the maintenance of ecosystem components and functions for future generations.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- ASTM E2114 – Standard Terminology for Sustainability Relative to the Performance of Buildings </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sustainable Construction <ul><li>“ Creating and operating a healthy built environment based on resource efficiency and ecological design.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Conseil International du Batiment (CIB), an international construction research networking organization </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Seven Principles of Sustainable Construction <ul><li>Reduce resource consumption (reduce) </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse resources (reuse) </li></ul><ul><li>Use recyclable resources (recycle) </li></ul><ul><li>Protect nature (nature) </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate toxins (toxins) </li></ul><ul><li>Apply life-cycle costing (economics) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on quality (quality) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Getting Started <ul><li>“ Everything after the initial decision by the owner to build a building is about communication—how the owner communicates his or her needs to the architect and how the architect communicates the design to the contractor.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Ross Spiegel, FCSI, CCS, CCCA, AIA, LEED AP; Author of “Green Building Materials”. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Communicating Sustainable Design <ul><li>Drawings. The graphic representation of the work upon which the contract is based. </li></ul><ul><li>Specifications. Define the requirements for products, materials, and workmanship upon which the contract is based and requirements for administration and performance of the project. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sustainability and Drawings, General <ul><li>Daylighting </li></ul><ul><li>Interior Sightlines to Windows </li></ul><ul><li>Building Orientation to Optimize Thermal Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Exterior Enclosure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulation Thickness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fenestration locations and sizes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thermal conductivity at slab edges and structural steel penetrations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate thermal bridging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass Walls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acoustics </li></ul>
  9. 9. Contract Requirements <ul><li>AIA B211-2004, Standard Form of Architect’s Services: Commissioning </li></ul><ul><li>AIA B214-2004, Standard Form of Architect's Services: LEED Certification </li></ul>
  10. 10. Division 1 - General Requirements <ul><li>The General Requirements specify the administration and general performance criteria for the project. The General Requirements govern all technical specification sections; but, are subordinate to the General Conditions of the Contract. </li></ul><ul><li>The following specification sections can be used for specifying general sustainability requirements. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>01 23 10 - Alternates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>01 33 39 - Sustainable Design Requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>01 74 19 - Construction Waste Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>01 91 00 - General Commissioning </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. 01 23 10 - Alternates <ul><li>Alternates for green products can be specified when Owner is considering green products; but, because of limited experience, is reluctant to use. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternates for green products allow the Owner to evaluate cost and feasibility. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a good process for Owners who want to understand how green products actually compare before committing to a sustainability plan on projects. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 01 33 39 - Sustainable Design Requirements <ul><li>This section is most associated with LEED projects </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies sustainable design requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US Green Building Council’s LEED-NC, LEED-CI, LEED-CS, LEED-EB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minnesota Sustainable Building Guidelines (B3) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Building Initiative’s Green Globes Rating System </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indicates certification level (i.e. LEED Silver, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Specifies submittal process requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Outlines general material and administrative strategies (i.e. 20 percent of materials shall be regionally manufactured) </li></ul><ul><li>LEED checklist is often attached to end of section </li></ul>
  13. 13. 01 74 19 - Construction Waste Management <ul><li>Reduce waste leading to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource optimization and rethinking design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source reduction and accurate estimating and ordering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packaging reduction and reverse distribution to suppliers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention and implementing efficient construction techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reuse materials by promoting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deconstruction and building disassembly for material recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of in-place materials in lieu of new materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recycle materials for the following modes of reuse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Upcycling, creating value added products. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling, using raw materials for the same or equivalent end-use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Downcycling, using raw materials for manufacturing lower value products </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. 01 91 00 - Commissioning <ul><li>“ The basic purpose of building commissioning is to provide documented confirmation that building systems function in compliance with criteria set forth in the Project Documents to satisfy the owner's operational needs. Commissioning of existing systems may require the development of new functional criteria in order to address the owner's current systems performance requirements.” -- Building Commissioning Association </li></ul><ul><li>This section specifies the general requirements that apply to implementation of commissioning without regard to specific systems, assemblies, or components. </li></ul><ul><li>Require Owner to hire a commissioning authority (CxA) prior to construction. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Technical Sections, Divisions 3-49 <ul><li>“Delve! mould! pile the words of the earth!” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Walt Whitman, “Song of the Rolling Earth”, 1891 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Division 3 - Concrete <ul><li>Reclaimed or sustainably harvested wood formwork </li></ul><ul><li>Biodegradable and zero-VOC form release agents </li></ul><ul><li>Recycled plastic rebar chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Recycled steel reinforcement </li></ul><ul><li>20 percent content fly ash in cement, a by-product from burning coal. </li></ul><ul><li>30 percent content ground blast furnace slag in cement </li></ul><ul><li>Water-based, zero- or low-VOC additives and sealers </li></ul>
  17. 17. Division 4 - Masonry <ul><li>Insulating concrete form masonry units (ICFU) </li></ul><ul><li>Specify requirements for crushing masonry waste, use as fill to divert from waste stream </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete masonry units </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider units containing recycled content such as Trenwyth “Versastone” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specify units containing fly ash or slag. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Salvaged brick </li></ul><ul><li>Specify mortar containing fly ash </li></ul><ul><li>Specify low-VOC sealers </li></ul><ul><li>Consider masonry for thermal massing </li></ul><ul><li>Specify local materials </li></ul>
  18. 18. Division 5 - Metals <ul><li>Specify mechanical methods for preparing steel in lieu of chemical methods to reduce hazardous waste </li></ul><ul><li>Specify factory applied low-VOC primers and paints (i.e. less than 250 g/l VOC) </li></ul><ul><li>Specify recycled ferrous and non-ferrous metals when possible. Most steel is recycled. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Division 6 – Woods, Plastics and Composites <ul><li>Wood certified from sustainable forestry practices (i.e. FSC) </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest grade wood that meets requirements for maximizing amount of wood used from harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Composite wood products that do not contain urea-formaldehyde </li></ul><ul><li>Rapidly renewable products such as OSB sheathing, wheat-board, and sunflower board </li></ul><ul><li>Structural insulating panels (SIP’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Low- and zero-VOC adhesives </li></ul><ul><li>Plastics containing recycled content </li></ul>
  20. 20. Division 7 – Thermal and Moisture Protection <ul><li>Building Insulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rigid insulation materials with the highest R-value per inch that don’t use HCFC blowing agents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formaldehyde-free insulation manufactured from rapidly renewable resources and recycled content (i.e. Bonded Logic) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roofing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve albedo with ENERGY STAR roofing products (i.e. Sheet metal, TPO and GAF modified bitumen cap sheets) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PV roofing (shingles and membranes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Garden roofing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water-based and/or low-VOC roofing adhesives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low-VOC adhesives and sealants </li></ul>
  21. 21. Division 8 – Openings <ul><li>Fenestration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thermally broken curtain wall framing, storefront framing, and windows to reduce thermal conductivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green seal certified windows </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Glass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-E, argon filled, insulating glass units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low U-values & solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U-factor: 0.35 or less </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SHGC: 0.55 or less </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PV spandrel panels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wood Doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FSC-certified wood and/or rapidly renewable cores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-VOC adhesives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composite cores free of urea-formaldehyde </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Division 9 - Finishes <ul><li>Gypsum Board </li></ul><ul><ul><li>48 inch and 54 inch widths to reduce construction waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100 percent recycled paper facings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycled gypsum core or post-industrial flu-gas desulpharized synthetic gypsum core </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tile. Low-VOC epoxy grout and adhesive </li></ul><ul><li>Low-VOC adhesives for wall coverings and flooring </li></ul><ul><li>Recycled content (i.e. rubber flooring) </li></ul><ul><li>Rapidly renewable flooring materials such as linoleum or agri-based carpet products </li></ul><ul><li>Carpet meeting requirements of Carpet and Rug Institute’s Green Label Air Quality Test Program </li></ul><ul><li>Green Seal certified interior paints and low-VOC exterior paints </li></ul>
  23. 23. Division 10 - Specialties <ul><li>Recycled plastic toilet partitions and wall guards </li></ul><ul><li>HCFC-free fire extinguishers (i.e. Ansul’s clean agent type) </li></ul><ul><li>Low-energy hand-driers (i.e. Excel) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Division 11 - Specialties <ul><li>Loading dock bumpers manufactured from recycled rubber </li></ul><ul><li>ENERGY STAR residential appliances </li></ul>
  25. 25. Division 12 - Furnishings <ul><li>Modular casework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FSC-certified veneers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-VOC adhesives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urea-formaldehyde-free composite core materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Refurbished system furniture </li></ul>
  26. 26. Division 13 – Special Construction <ul><li>Sound and vibration control for reducing occupant complaints </li></ul><ul><li>Saunas containing wood harvested from sustainable forests </li></ul><ul><li>PV systems </li></ul>
  27. 27. Division 14 – Conveying Systems <ul><li>Hydraulic Elevators. Hole-less elevators whenever possible to eliminate drilling and hydraulic fluid leakage at bore-hole </li></ul><ul><li>Traction Elevators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purchase cost is more than hydraulic elevators; however, they use less energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microprocessor operation system to reduce energy requirements </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Resources <ul><li>ARCOM, Specifying LEED Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Kibert, Charles J., Sustainable Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Spiegel, Ross and Meadows, Dru; Green Building Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Weiland, Paul S. and O’Leary, Rosemary and Durant, Robert F. and Fiorino, Daniel J., Managing for The Environment </li></ul><ul><li>www.BuildingGreen.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User Name: WalshBishop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Password: walshbishop </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>“There can be no theory of any account unless it corroborate the theory of the earth” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Walt Whitman, 1891 </li></ul>

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