Media and Politics in Slovakia

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this is about media and politics in Slovakia, 1990/2009

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Media and Politics in Slovakia

  1. 1. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned Andrej Školkay School of Communication and Media Slovakia
  2. 2. The Conference MEDIA: 20 YEARS AFTER <ul><li>organized by: </li></ul><ul><li>    Department of Media Studies and Centre for Media Studies, Faculty of Social Science , Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic </li></ul><ul><li>May 2009 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>„ Electoral power per se is the mechanical guarantee of democracy; but the substantive guarantee is given by the conditions under which the citizen gets the information and is exposed to the pressure of opinion makers.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Giovanni Sartori 1987, 86-87 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>„ It is surprising, to us, to find that the parties which replaced the communists and socialists often seem almost as ardent in using non-democratic means to run the media.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Al Hester, Director of Cox International Center, 1993 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>Why the majority of post-communist Slovak top politicians sooner or later gained ambivalent, often openly negative, sometimes even extremely negative attitudes towards the mass media? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>Why there were various functions of the media in post communist transformation, sometimes opposite to what liberal democratic theory would expect on the part of the media? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>Top-ten enemy of the press in the world 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Committee to Protect Journalists </li></ul>
  8. 10. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>missunderstanding of the functions of the media in liberal democracy </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>principles of their work (e.g. news criteria) </li></ul>
  9. 11. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>Why there were various functions of the media in post communist transformation, sometimes contradictory to what liberal democratic theory would expect? </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>The functions of the media : </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism (watchdog) </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Mediating („mirror“) </li></ul><ul><li>..entertainment, economy function,... </li></ul>
  11. 13. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>INFORMATION: </li></ul><ul><li>A) misinformation </li></ul><ul><li>B) propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>C) truth </li></ul><ul><li>initially strong influence, later less so important (experience, additional sources of information) </li></ul>
  12. 14. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>CRITICISM: </li></ul><ul><li>A) wrong subjects </li></ul><ul><li>B) too often unfair </li></ul><ul><li>C) too late </li></ul><ul><li>D) but progress in time </li></ul><ul><li>minimum impact </li></ul>
  13. 15. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>ANALYSIS: </li></ul><ul><li>A) missing in the most important media (radio, television) </li></ul><ul><li>B) good in quality daily and weekly press and foreign radio broadcast </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum impact </li></ul>
  14. 16. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>MEDIATING: </li></ul><ul><li>A) more often follower than leader </li></ul>
  15. 17. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>political </li></ul><ul><li>intensification </li></ul><ul><li>manipulatory (deliberate, unintentional) </li></ul><ul><li>integrative / disintegrative </li></ul><ul><li>cultivation </li></ul>
  16. 18. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned <ul><li>Which media scenario/development trajectory could be applied to the Slovak case? </li></ul><ul><li>And WHY? </li></ul>

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