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PremierePro CS4

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I used this presentation to introduce different video standards for my Premiere Pro CS4 class.

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PremierePro CS4

  1. 2. FIVE STANDARDS
  2. 3. FIVE STANDARDS <ul><li>NTSC </li></ul><ul><li>NTSC – J </li></ul><ul><li>PAL </li></ul><ul><li>PAL – M </li></ul><ul><li>SECAM </li></ul>
  3. 4. FIVE STANDARDS <ul><li>NTSC </li></ul><ul><li>525 scanlines </li></ul><ul><li>30 fps </li></ul><ul><li>North America, Central America, Philippines, </li></ul><ul><li>South Korea, Taiwan </li></ul>
  4. 5. FIVE STANDARDS <ul><li>NTSC </li></ul><ul><li>NTSC - J </li></ul><ul><li>525 scanlines </li></ul><ul><li>30 fps </li></ul><ul><li>Darker black </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul>
  5. 6. FIVE STANDARDS <ul><li>NTSC </li></ul><ul><li>NTSC – J </li></ul><ul><li>PAL </li></ul><ul><li>625 scanlines </li></ul><ul><li>25 fps </li></ul><ul><li>Europe (majority), Scandinavia, The Pacific, </li></ul><ul><li>Parts of Asia, South Africa </li></ul>
  6. 7. FIVE STANDARDS <ul><li>NTSC </li></ul><ul><li>NTSC – J </li></ul><ul><li>PAL </li></ul><ul><li>PAL - M </li></ul><ul><li>525 scanlines </li></ul><ul><li>30 fps </li></ul><ul><li>PAL color palette </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul>
  7. 8. FIVE STANDARDS <ul><li>NTSC </li></ul><ul><li>NTSC – J </li></ul><ul><li>PAL </li></ul><ul><li>PAL - M </li></ul><ul><li>SECAM </li></ul><ul><li>625 scanlines </li></ul><ul><li>25 fps </li></ul><ul><li>PAL color palette </li></ul><ul><li>France, Russia, Middle East, North Africa </li></ul>
  8. 9. FIVE STANDARDS <ul><li>NTSC </li></ul><ul><li>NTSC – J </li></ul><ul><li>PAL </li></ul><ul><li>PAL – M </li></ul><ul><li>SECAM </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>PAL NTSC </li></ul>Sharper Image (Higher res.) Poorer resolution More flicker (low fps) Less flicker
  10. 11. <ul><li>PROGRESSIVE VS. INTERLACED </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>VIDEO is made up from SCAN LINES. </li></ul><ul><li>Fields = Scan lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Even and Odd Fields = Upper and Lower Fields. </li></ul><ul><li>Frame = Complete image composed of two fields. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>PROGRESSIVE goes from top to bottom. </li></ul><ul><li>It takes a video frame as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used on computer screens or digital TV. </li></ul><ul><li>INTERLACED has odd and even lines to create a frame. </li></ul><ul><li>Interlaced is used on video monitors (analog TV). </li></ul><ul><li>On a computer screen you would see artifacts. </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>PROGRESSIVE INTERLACED </li></ul>Entire Image Every other line Better Image Quality Broadcast compatibility
  14. 17. <ul><li>{frame rates} </li></ul>FILM: 24 fps (in theater) Digitized film: 23.98 fps PAL: 25 fps NTSC: 30 fps Actual NTSC rate: 29.97 fps
  15. 18. <ul><li>DV SD HD </li></ul>Low End Mid Range High End
  16. 19. <ul><li>DV SD HD </li></ul>miniDV DVCPro-50 (d) HDV DVCPro-25 Betacam SX (d) DVCPro - HD DV CAM Betacam SP (a) HD Digi Betacam (d)
  17. 20. <ul><li>{image size} </li></ul>Video resolution is fixed at 72dpi. DV-NTSC: 720 x 480 DV-PAL: 720 x 576 SD-NTSC: 720 x 486 SD-PAL: 720 x 576
  18. 21. <ul><li>{image size} </li></ul>HD comes in both progressive and interlaced formats. All HD formats are 16:9. HD 480i & p: 720 x 480; HD 720i & p: 1280 x 720; HD 1080i & p: 1920 x 1080; Most popular HD formats: HD720p and HD 1080i. HDV format: 1440 x 1080 JVC – 1280 x 720 p; Sony – 1920 x 1080i.
  19. 22. <ul><li>{aspect ratio} </li></ul>4 : 3 (1.333) 16 : 9 (1.777)
  20. 25. <ul><li>{video as digital data} </li></ul>Higher data rates = higher quality CD audio: 176 kB/s; DV: 3.75 MB/s; SD – 8 bit uncompressed: 20.2 MB/s; SD - 10 bit uncompressed : 26.7 MB/s; HDV 720p: 2.4 MB/s; HDV 1080i: 3.2 MB/s; 1080i uncompressed: 160MB/s. Internal hard drive data rate: 20-25 MB/s.
  21. 26. <ul><li>{video as digital data} </li></ul>How much spaces required to store a video? 1 Hour of DV: 13 GB; 1 Hour of SD – 8 bit uncompressed: 72.7 GB; 1 Hour of SD - 10 bit uncompressed : 96 GB; 1 Hour of HDV 720p: 8.7 GB; 1 Hour of HDV 1080i: 11.5 GB; 1 Hour of 1080i uncompressed: 560 GB.

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