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L I B E R T Y
Contagion of
Liberty
The heart of the American Revolution
Give me
LIBERTY
or give me
DEATH
­ Patrick Henry
Liberty
DEFINED AS FREEDOM FROM THE MONARCHY, NOT OF SOMETHING
- RELIGION, HABEAS CORPUS, SPEECH, PRESS,
PETITION, TRIAL B...
1791 - seen as “explicit
confirmations of views of
framers on individual
liberties.”
Most people were looking
for a weak o...
NSA is looked upon as infringing liberty
Edward Snowden was a whistle blower
- he had to flee the US government
Modern Day
Positive Liberty
"Citizens should use the government that they are in to achieve
“not merely life alone, but the good life...
"That elections of members to serve as
representatives of the people, in assembly ought to be
free; and that all men, havi...
“That all power of suspending laws, or the
execution of laws, by any authority, without
consent of the representatives of ...
The Interaction Between
Positive and Negative
Freedom
However, Aristotle’s
positive freedom was
considered a prerequisite ...
While the founders believed in positive freedom they did
not believe that a republic was immune to bad governance.
The Ele...
“Some of the greatest
rogues he was ever
acquainted with were
the richest rogues.”
- Benjamin Franklin
He believed the right to vote should be determined by a
person’s morals not their race, gender, or socioeconomic status.
N...
Liberty as per
the
Constituion
"The broad and growing
freedom of individuals from
tyrannies and restraints of
government.....
The framers were attracted by an "open
society" they were also deeply affected by
the ancient idea of
SUBSTANTIAL FREEDOM
Modern Classical
Liberal advocates
of
freedom from
government
Devotees of the
classical ideal of
public-spirited citizens
...
If these are exercised properly they
lead to the great liberty of people
COLLECTING TAXES FOR DEFENSE AND WELFARE
REGULATI...
"A dangerous ambition more
often lurks behind the
specious mask of zeal for the
rights of the people than
under the forbid...
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Liberty in the United States (History)

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A short presentation on the American Constitution and Liberty.

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Liberty in the United States (History)

  1. 1. L I B E R T Y
  2. 2. Contagion of Liberty The heart of the American Revolution
  3. 3. Give me LIBERTY or give me DEATH ­ Patrick Henry
  4. 4. Liberty DEFINED AS FREEDOM FROM THE MONARCHY, NOT OF SOMETHING - RELIGION, HABEAS CORPUS, SPEECH, PRESS, PETITION, TRIAL BY JURY, ETC. Magna Carta: King John, treaty between barons and king. Negative Freedom: Freedom from interference by other people. Led to Bill of Rights: Both proponents and opponents of Constitution thought a Bill of Rights was in order.
  5. 5. 1791 - seen as “explicit confirmations of views of framers on individual liberties.” Most people were looking for a weak or small government. BILL OF RIGHTS
  6. 6. NSA is looked upon as infringing liberty Edward Snowden was a whistle blower - he had to flee the US government Modern Day
  7. 7. Positive Liberty "Citizens should use the government that they are in to achieve “not merely life alone, but the good life”" - Aristotle Despite the modern understanding of liberty positive freedom was important at the time of the revolution. The Virginia delegation advocated for positive and negative liberty at the continental congress. The Virginia delegation advocated for both Locke and Aristotle’s ideas of freedom.
  8. 8. "That elections of members to serve as representatives of the people, in assembly ought to be free; and that all men, having sufficient evidence of permanent common interest with, and attachment to, the community, have the right of suffrage and cannot be taxed or deprived of their property for public uses without their own consent or that of their representatives so elected, nor bound by any law to which they have not, in like manner, assembled for the public good." - The Virginia Declaration of Rights, Section 6
  9. 9. “That all power of suspending laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority, without consent of the representatives of the people, is injurious to their rights and ought not to be exercised.” - The Virginia Declaration of Rights, Section 7
  10. 10. The Interaction Between Positive and Negative Freedom However, Aristotle’s positive freedom was considered a prerequisite for Locke’s negative freedom. Positive freedom was not explicit in the constitution. However, it is heavily implied.
  11. 11. While the founders believed in positive freedom they did not believe that a republic was immune to bad governance. The Electoral College and the requirement to own property were the founder’s ideas to preserve good governance. Benjamin Franklin disagreed with the requirement to own property. Limited Suffrage and Good Governance
  12. 12. “Some of the greatest rogues he was ever acquainted with were the richest rogues.” - Benjamin Franklin
  13. 13. He believed the right to vote should be determined by a person’s morals not their race, gender, or socioeconomic status. No barriers to universal suffrage were included in the constitution. Morality and Suffrage
  14. 14. Liberty as per the Constituion "The broad and growing freedom of individuals from tyrannies and restraints of government...freedom to take part." -Ketcham [p.44]
  15. 15. The framers were attracted by an "open society" they were also deeply affected by the ancient idea of SUBSTANTIAL FREEDOM
  16. 16. Modern Classical Liberal advocates of freedom from government Devotees of the classical ideal of public-spirited citizens participating freely and responsabily in their own government
  17. 17. If these are exercised properly they lead to the great liberty of people COLLECTING TAXES FOR DEFENSE AND WELFARE REGULATING COMMERCE COINING MONEY PROVIDING POSTAL SERVICE PROTECTING PATENTS AND COPYRIGHTS ORGANIZE AND COMMAND THE ARMED FORCES EXECUTE LAWS APPOINT OFFICIALS JUDICIAL POWER TO SETTLE DISPUTES
  18. 18. "A dangerous ambition more often lurks behind the specious mask of zeal for the rights of the people than under the forbidding appearance of zeal for the firmness and efficiency of government."

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