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Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students’ Survey 2013-2014 Main Findings in the Netherlands

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Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students’ Survey 2013-2014 Main Findings in the Netherlands

  1. 1. WWW.ECE.NL Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students’ Survey 2013-2014 / Main Findings in the Netherlands ERASMUS CENTRE FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP
  2. 2. Colofon || Published by Erasmus Centre for Entrepreneurship || Text and Editing Andreas Petridis || Layout and DTP Dito Yudhiana Thomas Bijen
  3. 3. Preface What are students’ entrepreneurial intentions and activities across the world? This question is of highest social and economic relevance. Students represent the entrepreneurs of tomorrow; their entrepreneurial plans and activities will shape tomorrow’s societies and the overall economic well-being. Consequently, the numbers of students intending to pursue an entrepreneurial career, along with the methods of actualizing their intentions, are of high interest to different stakeholders such as participating universities, academics, policy-makers, as well as students themselves. It is extremely important to monitor, evaluate and adapt the entrepreneurial education to the rapidly changing environment, so it can remain competitive, effective, successful and accelerate the Dutch economy. GUESSS performs the important task of monitoring, by tracking the entrepreneurial intentions and activities of students along with the entrepreneurial programs offered by the Dutch universities. In this booklet we present the insights of the 2013-2014 GUESSS Netherlands. We would like to thank the participating universities for their collaboration in the survey and to invite all possible parties such as policy makers, researchers, entrepreneurs, other universities, teachers, students and society in general to consult our valuable results and be part of the survey in the upcoming years.
  4. 4. GUESSS stands for Global Entrepreneurial Spirit Students’ Survey. It is a research project about the context of Entrepreneurship that investigates the entrepreneurial intentions and activities of students using a geographical and temporal comparison. GUESSS main goals: || The startup process GUESSS helps to systematically record the founding intention and activity of students on a long term basis || The university GUESSS offers a temporal and geographical comparison providing universities with insight into the organization of entrepreneurship || The individual GUESSS allows for a temporal and geographical comparison of individual-based characteristics that impact the founding intentions and activity of students. The survey is conducted every two years About GUESS
  5. 5. Main Findings Percentage of Active Student Entrepreneurs in the Netherlands Percentage of Active Student Entrepreneurs around the World Attendence of Entrepreneurship Courses in Percentage 2013-14: 6% 2011-12: 3% Career Choice Intensions in the Netherlands in Percentage 2013-14: 6% 2011-12: 10% 2013-14: 30% 2011-12: 36% Right after studies: Five years after studies: 2013-14: 8% 2011-12: 2% 2013-14: 33% 2011-12: 28%
  6. 6. 9907 Students from Dutch Educational Institutions *Educational institutions with systematic data collection (>20 responses) *Total responses in 2011-2012: 13121 Educational Institutions* Responses 32 59 1060 188 140 23 1402 41 96 Delft University Eindhoven University of Technology Erasmus University Rotterdam Maastricht University Leiden University Tilburg University University of Groningen University of Twente Utrecht University University of Scientific Education (WO) Fontys Univ. of Appl Sciences The Hague Univ. of Appl. Sciences Hanze Univ. of Appl. Sciences Inholland Univ. of Appl. Sciences Rotterdam Univ. of Appl. Sciences NHTV Breda Univ. of Appl. Sciences Univ. of Appl. Sciences Leiden Univ. of Appl. Sciences Utrecht 1355 297 1476 833 540 150 46 1838 University of Applied Sciences (HBO) Albeda 147 College (MBO) Responses in 2013-2014
  7. 7. Data Overview Level of StudyEducational Institution 38.4%61.6% Male Female 68.2%31.8% Univ. of Appl. Sciensces (HBO) Universities of Scientific Education (WO) 1.9% 0.3% Postdoc / MBA PhD (Doctorate) Graduate (Master) Undergraduate (Bachelor) 17.1% 80.8% 17.1% 34.9% 31% 24.8% 9.3% Buseiness, Economics and Law (BECL) Natural Sciences and Medicine (NSM) Social Sciences (SSC) Other Gender Field of Study
  8. 8. Active Entrepreneurs 6% of the students are active entrepreneurs*. On average, the distribution of active entrepreneur students among the educational institutions, is higher for the Universities of Applied Sciences (HBO), compared to Universities of Scientific Education (WO). * Active entrepreneurs are the students who next to their studies run their own business.
  9. 9. Active Entrepreneurs Across Study Fields Across Gender and Study Field NSM BECL SSC 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Male Female 49.6% 50.4% 69.2% 30.8% 78.2% 21.8% The majority of active entrepreneurs from the fields of Business, Economics and Law (almost 80%) and the field of Natural Sciences and Medicine (around 70%) are male, while female active entrepreneurs are equal to male active entrepreneurs in the field of Social sciences (around 50%). *BECL: Business/Management, Economics, Law *NSM: Engineering, Architecture, Mathematics, Health Sciences etc *SSC: Linguistics and Cultural Studies 24.9% 31.9% 43.2% BECL NSM SSC Students studying Business, Economics and Law represent 43% of active entrepreneurs, while Natural Sciences and Medicine equals to one third of the sample (32%) and Social Sciences represents one fourth of students who are currently running their own business (25%).
  10. 10. Percentage of Active Entrepreneurs and Distribution among Universities Active entrepreneurs NO 6% U niv. of Appl. Sciences U trecht Fontys U niv. of Appl. Sciences H anze U niv. of Appl. Sciences Erasm us U niversity Rotterdam Inholland U niv. of Appl. Sciences Rotterdam U niv. of Appl. Sciences U niversity of G roningen The H ague U niv. of Appl. Sciences Albeda M aastricht U niversity U trecht U niversity Leiden U niversity N H TV Breda U niv. of Appl. Sciences Eindhoven U niversity of Technology D elft U niversity U niv. of Appl. Sciences Leiden Average 8% 12% 16% 20% 4% 0% 17.8 15.5 12.5 11.8 11.5 10.8 10.1 6.2 3.5 1.4 1.2 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.4 Tilburg U niversity 0.0
  11. 11. Nascent Entrepreneurs 10% of the students are nascent entrepreneurs*. On average , the distribution of nascent entrepreneurs among the educational institutions, is higher for the Universities of Applied Sciences (HBO), compared to Universities of Scientific Education (WO). * Nascent entrepreneurs are the students who are in the process of setting-up their own business. *2011-2012 Survey did not include Nascent Entrepreneurs.
  12. 12. Nascent Entrepreneurs Students studying Business, Economics and Law represent more than half of nascent entrepreneurs (54%), while the rest two study fields (Natural Sciences and Medicine and Social Sciences) share same percentages of students who are in the process of setting their business (23%). The majority of nascent entrepreneurs from the fields of Business, Economics and Law and Natural Sciences and Medicine are male (70% and 72% respectively), while female nascent entrepreneurs are dominant in the field of Social sciences (60%). Across Study Fields Across Gender and Study Field NSM BECL SSC 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Male Female 40% 60% 72% 28% 70% 30% 23.1% 22.9% 54% BECL NSM SSC *BECL: Business/Management, Economics, Law *NSM: Engineering, Architecture, Mathematics, Health Sciences etc *SSC: Linguistics and Cultural Studies
  13. 13. Percentage of Nascent Entrepreneurs and Distribution among Universities U niv.ofAppl.Sciences U trecht Fontys U niv.ofAppl.Sciences H anze U niv.ofAppl.Sciences Erasm us U niversity Rotterdam Inholland U niv.ofAppl.Sciences Rotterdam U niv.ofAppl.Sciences U niversity ofG roningen The H ague U niv.ofAppl.Sciences Albeda M aastrichtU niversity U trechtU niversity Leiden U niversity N H TV Breda U niv.ofAppl.Sciences Eindhoven U niversity ofTechnology D elftU niversity U niv.ofAppl.Sciences Leiden Tilburg U niversity Average 8% 12% 16% 20% 4% 0% 16.1 15 12.1 12.1 11.1 10.2 8.7 5.9 4.5 3.1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 Nascent entrepreneurs NO 10%
  14. 14. Active & Nascent Entrepreneurs across Countries In the Netherlands, the level of active and nascent entrepreneurs is below the average international level. On particular, we note that the average level of students are currently trying to set up their own business (nascent entrepreneurs) is 19% while 8% are already running one worldwide (active entrepreneurs). In the Netherlands the level of nascent and active entrepreneurs is 10% and 6%, respectively.
  15. 15. On an average international level, 8% of the students are active entrepreneurs while 19% are nascent. In the Netherlands, 6% of the students are active entrepreneurs while 10% are nascent. >60% 40-60% 20-40% 10-20% <10% Percentage of Active & Nascent Entrepreneurs around the World
  16. 16. 29 29 27 16 13 7 5 10 13 4 9 6 11 8 9 7 8 6 4 5 7 6 3 3 4 1 5 5 3 4 4 2 5 3 4 71 51 52 38 27 24 27 21 18 27 21 22 17 19 18 18 16 15 16 14 12 10 12 11 9 11 7 7 8 8 7 9 5 5 3 N G R ARG M YS M EX C O L H U N RO M G RE LIE PO L AU S RU S U SAAverage EST EN G C AN BRA SIN PO R FIN FRA BEL ESP JPN G ER D EN ISR ITA SC O LU X AU T SU I SLO N ETH ERLAN D SNascent Entrepreneurs Active Entrepreneurs Percentage of Active & Nascent Entrepreneurs across Countries
  17. 17. Career Choice Intentions The students who are or want to become Founders or Successors represent the student entrepreneurs. In GUESSS, the vast majority of student, prefer to become employees right after study completion. Five years after studies, more than half of the students still want to be employees, while almost one third wants to become entrepreneur.
  18. 18. Right after Studies Five Years after Studies 3.4% 27.1% 52.7% 16.8% Successor Founder Employee Other/ no plans Right after studies only 6% of the students intend to become entrepreneurs, either as founders (5%) or as successors (1%) 5 years after studies 30% of the students intend to become entrepreneurs, either as founders (27%) or as successors (3%). 0.8% 4.8% 14.3% 80.1% Successor Founder Employee Other/ no plans Career Choice Intentions
  19. 19. Career Choice Intentions across Gender Directly after study, women are less likely than men to have the intention of becoming entrepreneurs. 8% of the male students aim to become entrepreneurs versus 4% of the female students. Five years after students complete their studies, 35% of the male students intend to become entrepreneurs versus 28% of the female students. This is a dramatic increase compared to entrepreneurial intentions right after study completion. Right after Study 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 80.7 15.5 3.3 0.6 79.1 12.57.2 1.2 Male Female Employee Founder Successor Other/ no plans 5 Years after Study 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 55.1 17.324.5 49 15.931.3Male Female 3.2 3.8 Employee Founder Successor Other/ no plans
  20. 20. Career Choice Intentions 5 Years after Study Is there a difference between the educational institutions? In HBOs, there are more students that want to become entrepreneurs, compared to WOs. In particular, 32% of the HBO students want to pursue a career in entrepreneurship, against 27% of the WO students. Across Study Fields Across Type of Educational Institutions 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 53.2 19.824.9 2.2 55.7 19.822 2.5 51.7 11.431.5 NSM SSC BECL 5.4 Employee Founder Successor Other/ no plans HBO 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 50.9 28.8 17.1 WO 57.6 15.922.9 3.7 3.2 Employee Founder Successor Other/ no plans *BECL: Business/Management, Economics, Law *NSM: Engineering, Architecture, Mathematics, Health Sciences etc *SSC: Linguistics and Cultural Studies *WO: Universities of Scientific Education *HBO: Universities of Applied Sciences What are the career choice intentions across the different study fields*? Students form the field of BECL, have higher interest on becoming entrepreneurs, 5 years after completing their studies.
  21. 21. Entrepreneurship Education in The Netherlands Overall, 33% of the students have attended an entrepreneurship course. 20% of these students have attended at least one entrepreneurship course as compulsory part of their study while 13% as an elective or specific program. Attendance of Entrepreneurship Courses 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Attended at least one entrepreneurship course as elective I am studying in a specific program in entrepreneurship Attended at least one entrepreneurship course as compulsory part of my studies Not attended a course on entrepreneurship so far 66.8% 20.4% 8.5% 4.3% 100%
  22. 22. National Report for The Netherlands In the national report for the Netherlands you can also find more detailed information about: || Participants and Sample in the Netherlands || Students Career Choice Intentions || Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intentions || Student Nascent Entrepreneurs || Student Active Entrepreneurs Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students’ Survey National Report for the Netherlands 2013-2014 WWW.ECE.NL ERASMUS CENTRE FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP
  23. 23. Get the National Report Online WWW.ECE.NL
  24. 24. ERASMUS CENTRE FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP VISIT USERASMUS CENTRE FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP ECE CAMPUS (ROTTERDAM SCIENCE TOWER, 11TH FLOOR) MARCONISTRAAT 16 3029 AK ROTTERDAM TEL. 010 408 1971 WWW.ECE.NL ECE, an initiative of the Erasmus University and has the ambition to empower a global community of entrepreneurs who are able to face challenges and make global impact.

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