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Policies and Practices in Sharing Culture

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Keynote Presentation for the Hamburg Sharing is Caring X | April 21, 2017

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Policies and Practices in Sharing Culture

  1. 1. POLICIES & PRACTICES IN SHARING CULTURE: DO IT FOR THE USERS Andrea Wallace @AndeeWallace CREATe, Universityof Glasgow& National Library of Scotland CC BY Michael Gimenez
  2. 2. NAME THAT ARTWORK
  3. 3. NAME THAT ARTWORK WRONG. RMN-Grand Palais & Michel Urtado x200_84749_11-564761, 2014 Ascends into the public domain in 2090
  4. 4. = originality© new work new author new © term =
  5. 5. ‘Crowd looking at the Mona Lisa at the Louvre,’ by Victor Grigas, CC BY-SA 4.0, available at: https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40250423
  6. 6. Massard, Urbain (d. 1843) Constant LouisAntoine Lorichon (c. 1810) Timothy Cole (c. 1914) Holtelin, based on drawing fromGaillard (c. 1867) © © © ©
  7. 7. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  8. 8. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  9. 9. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  10. 10. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  11. 11. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  12. 12. T H AT ’ S S O M E TA ¬ A COPY… (DAYOR PHOTO) ¬ OF A COPY... (DAYOR PRINT) ¬ OF A COPY... (RMN PHOTO) ¬ OF AN OUT-OF-© WORK
  13. 13. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  14. 14. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  15. 15. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  16. 16. HOW “OPEN” IS YOUR COLLECTION? HOW “OPEN” IS YOUR POLICY? CC BY Michael Gimenez
  17. 17. O N L I N E P O L I C I E S ( T O N AM E JU S T A F E W ) • Impressum • Copyright • Legal Notice • Rightsand Reproduction • Rightsof Use • Imprint • Website Policy • Contact • Conditions • FAQ • Disclaimer Copyrights(which includesno such disclaim of copyright) • Open Access • Copyright and Reproductions • Intellectual Property RightsPolicy • Terms of Use • Terms and Conditions • General termsof use for photo material • Request photograph • User Agreement • Image Reproductionsand Copyright • Copyright, permissionsand photography • Disclaimer • Image Usage Policy • About thissite • Using Images 130 institutions: “Copyright” most common – 16 institutions
  18. 18. TAT E | 2 0 1 6 1. Copyright, permissions and photography 2. Tate gallery rules 3. Website termsofuse 4. Image licensing 5. Copyright ‘orphanworks’ 6. Creative Commonslicensesand Tate 7. Tate ImagesCopyright Policy 8. DigitalImages ReproductionPolicy (Tate Images) 9. Creative Commonscontent 10. A Brief Guide to Copyright.pdf (65 pages)
  19. 19. M K G H AM B U R G | 2 0 1 6
  20. 20. M K G H AM B U R G | T O D AY ( YAY ! )
  21. 21. M U S E E D ’ O R S AY
  22. 22. M U S E E D ’ O R S AY
  23. 23. S U R R O G AT E S : I N - C O P Y R I G H T v P U B L I C D O M AI N © David Hockney License this image © Tate, CC BY-NC-ND License this image
  24. 24. DO USERS EVEN CARE? CC BY Michael Gimenez
  25. 25. “If you're putting it out on the internet to tens of thousands of people, you can't expect people not to save it and redistribute it. It's not how it works. The internet is just like that.The only way to get around it is to make sure you keep on top of yours and make sure it keeps getting bigger."
  26. 26. Reiss Engelhorn Museum v. Wikimedia Foundation and Wikimedia Deutschland Rudolf Stricker, Wikimedia Commons
  27. 27. “. . . the question for us is who should decide whether and especially how our holdings should be made available. Even if one supports the free public accessibility of cultural items on Wikipedia, it is difficult for us to comprehendthat a single Wikipedia author claims the right to decide on their own to release to everybody the results of work created with public funds on Wikipedia for free and thus also for commercial use.” Prof. Dr. Alfried Wieczorek General-Director of the Reiss Engelhorn Museum
  28. 28. USERS DO CARE AND IF WE DON’T PROVIDE ACCESS THEY’RE GOING TO BEAT US TO IT
  29. 29. Nefertiti Hack, Video
  30. 30. Nefertiti Hack, Video
  31. 31. Van Goh Museum, Relievo Collection, https://www.vangoghmuseum.nl/en/business/relievo-collection
  32. 32. © Tate, London 2014 © The British Library Board © The National Archives (?) © The National Archives (?) © Glasgow Life © Gemäldegalerie der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin © Kansallisgalleria 2014© RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d'Orsay) / Hervé Lewandowski
  33. 33. M E TA- I N C E P T I O N ¬ A COPY… (DAYOR PHOTO) ¬ OF A COPY...(DAYOR PRINT) ¬ OF A COPY...(SCANNED IMAGE) ¬ OF A COPY...(TRANSPARENCY) ¬ OF A COPY...(1997 PHOTOGRAPH) ¬ OF AN OUT-OF-© WORK
  34. 34. Amelia Hamrick with the piano she used to play Bosch’sButt song. Photo: Brian Terry via the Oklahoman
  35. 35. OPEN ACCESS CAN NEVER BE BAD NEWS
  36. 36. “IMAGES IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN ARE LIKE TOOLS IN A TOOLBOX – YOU CAN USE THEM FOR ALL MANNERS OF PURPOSES. FEEL FREE TO LET YOUR IMAGINATION RUN WILD.”
  37. 37. 👊🎤💨 CC BY-SA Alberto Fernandez Fernandez,July 2007
  38. 38. SHARING IS CARING: LEAD BY EXAMPLE
  39. 39. MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY
  40. 40. MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY© GETTY
  41. 41. MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY© GETTYPUBLIC DOMAIN, WALTERS ART MUSEUM
  42. 42. MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY© GETTYPUBLIC DOMAIN, WALTERS ART MUSEUMPUBLICLY ACCESSIBLE DATA, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION

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