Measuring Science – Tracing the authors

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Andrea Scharnhorst.2013. Measuring Science - Tracing the authors. Introduction into the VIVO Symposium January 18, 2013 . DANS/eHumanities group KNAW

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  • Measuring Science – Tracing the authors

    1. 1. Data Archiving and Networked ServicesMeasuring Science – Tracing the authors Andrea Scharnhorst Introduction into the VIVO Symposium January 18, 2013 DANS/eHumanities group KNAWDANS is an institute of KNAW and NWO
    2. 2. Overview•Scientometrics and the actors – call for databases onresearchers•Research information systems•NARCIS – the Portal into the Dutch Research Landscape•Experiments on NARCIS – Analysis and Understanding – Analysis and Interfaces – Analysis and Evaluation schemes
    3. 3. Andrea Scharnhorst - CV • Department of Physics at the Humboldt University of Berlin, Degree “Diplom- Physiker”, 1984 • PhD, at the ‘Philosophical Problems of Natural Sciences’ division, Philosophy Department at the Humboldt University of Berlin, 1988 • Head of eResearch at DANS and scientific coordinator of the Computational Humanities programme at the eHumanities group of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) – DANS=Data Archiving and Networked Services Institute (DANS)
    4. 4. Overview•Scientometrics and the actors – call for databases onresearchers•Research information systems•NARCIS – the Portal into the Dutch Research Landscape•Experiments on NARCIS – Analysis and Understanding – Analysis and Interfaces – Analysis and Evaluation schemes
    5. 5. Ref: Scharnhorst, Garfield, 2010, Tracing scientific influence, http://arxiv.org/abs/1010.3525 Communication Text Actors words journals references … authors institutions countries Productivity Disciplinary profiles Bibliographic coupling Co-word maps (Lotka) Performance Citation networks Semantic maps Impact (Callon, Rip, Coauthorship (…..) Co-citation networks White) (…..) International (Marshokova, Small/Griffith) Citation environments collaboration of journals (…..) (Leydesdorff) Key players, evaluation Maps of science (Boyack, Börner, Klavans; Leydesdorff, Rafols) Biographies, key player,What is a topic? Individual vs group dynamicsWhat is a paradigm? What are the hot areas and Core and periphery What are fields and of knowledge exchange in research fronts? disciplines? a globalized economy What are the knowledge flows? Meaning of a citation, deeper understanding of knwoledge flows Sentiment of citations Small, Thelwall, Boyack…
    6. 6. Hunting for the authors – creators of innovation and heart of team scienceRef: A. Scharnhorst Wisemap Researchers http://app.wisemapping.com/c/maps/80173/public Every database with authors has an authorID. To issue cross-database authorID’s one need an institution.Ref: P. Wouters, R. Costas. 2012. Users, narcissism and control – tracking the impact ofscholarly publications in the 21st century . SURF reporthttp://www.surf.nl/nl/publicaties/Documents/Users%20narcissism%20and%20control.pdf
    7. 7. Quantitative studies of science - scientometrics, bibliometrics, informetrics Persons – Organizations - Projects Input Output Processes of knowledge creationNumber of scientists Number of publicationsNumber of PhD students /citationsR&D expenditure Number of PhD studentsInstruments Number of patents….. …..Education Libraries Libraries BooksBooks JournalsData Information Archives Archives Information DataInformation resources provision storage
    8. 8. NiederlandeRenommierter Psychologegesteht Fälschungen
    9. 9. Overview•Scientometrics and the actors – call for databases onresearchers•Research information systems•NARCIS – the Portal into the Dutch Research Landscape•Experiments on NARCIS – Analysis and Understanding – Analysis and Interfaces – Analysis and Evaluation schemes
    10. 10. ElectronicArchivingSYstem and NARCIS – Core services (‘products’) of DANS www.easy.dans.knaw.nlDANS as non-proprietary information provider contributes to transparence and accessibility public funded research www.narcis.nl
    11. 11. What is a Reseach Information System?Ref: KG Jeffery 2008 History of CRIShttp://www.eurocris.org/Uploads/Web%20pages/historyCRIS/3HistoryofCRIS.pptSee also: Nick Sheppard. "Learning How to Play Nicely: Repositories and CRIS". July 2010, Ariadne Issue 64http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/wrn-repos-2010-05-rpt/
    12. 12. Researcher as innovators and human capital asset for the knowledge based economy.http://eu-research.blogspot.com/2009/02/number-of-researchers-by-world-region.html
    13. 13. (Current) Research Information Systems in Europe – EuroCRIShttp://www.eurocris.org/Index.php?page=hometext&t=1
    14. 14. The Dutch situation – many players Metis is very detailed, fed by admin (universities, KNAW) but has a limited on-line interface. CWTS is the ‘Scientific Observatory’ in NL for Research Evaluation; but the databases are not public. NARCIS is the main national portal for those looking for information about researchers and their work. OUR CASE
    15. 15. Overview•Scientometrics and the actors – call for databases onresearchers•Research information systems•NARCIS – the Portal into the Dutch Research Landscape•Experiments on NARCIS – Analysis and Understanding – Analysis and Interfaces – Analysis and Evaluation schemes
    16. 16. From NOD to NARCISRef: http://web.archive.org/web/20070226142224/http://www.onderzoekinformatie.nl/en/oi/nod/
    17. 17. Only use this slide to present a screenshot of an application.As no style is applied, the screenshot can take up the wholeslide. For all other information please use the slide withpreset style!
    18. 18. 18137 records 47502 Links to datasets in EASY 2894Harvesting publications from Dutch repositories
    19. 19. VISION: All research information under 19
    20. 20. Overview• Andrea’s journey• Scientometrics and the actors – call for databases on researchers• Research information systems• NARCIS – the Portal into the Dutch Research Landscape• Experiments on NARCIS – Analysis and Understanding – Analysis and Interfaces – Analysis and Evaluation schemes
    21. 21. 265 professors with multipleuniversity affiliations thatinterlink the Dutch universities toone national network
    22. 22. Visual navigating through collaboration Size and composition of a collection Visual feedback for ‘water’Visual analytics – burst of publications
    23. 23. Evaluation - Data matching experiment 1462 professors 8378 professors Testing automated techniques to find publications and citations for author outside the 1462 CWTS – ‘Golden Set’ NARCISCollaboration with Rodrigo Costas, Ed Noyens (both CWTS),Linda Reijnhoudt, Katy Boerner (both DANS, KNAW)
    24. 24. Other worksReferences Wikipedia – UDC map •http://scimaps.org/maps/map/design_v •http://arxiv.org/abs/1204.3769Publications •http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.0788•http://www.mendeley.com/profiles/andrea-scharnhorst Enhanced publications/ •http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=NhkD2OQSLNw•ResearchID Web of Knowledge •http://ep-books.ehumanities.nl/•LinkedIn•http://scholar.google.nl/citations?user=QcS8uh89nbUC&hl= Interfacesnl •http://www.drasticdata.nl/DDHome.•http://www.authormapper.com/ php?m=514search.aspx?q=Scharnhorst •https://easy.dans.knaw.nl/ui/datase%20Andrea ts/id/easy-dataset:49791 - Please, use the data, experiment yourself [and cite publication and dataset]! •http://arxiv.org/abs/1204.3200
    25. 25. More references• K. Börner, A. Scharnhorst (2009) Visual Conceptualizations and Models of Science. Editorial for the special issue „Science of Science: Conceptualizations and Models of Science“ Journal of Informetrics 3(3), 161-172, Preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/0903.3562• A. Scharnhorst, K. Börner, P. Van den Besselaar (eds) (2012) Models of Science Dynamics – Encounters Between Complexity Theory and Information Sciences. Springer, Understanding Complexity Series, 300 pages
    26. 26. eResearch DANS Katy Börner Indiana University Frank van der Most Dirk Roorda Linda Reijnhoudt Visiting fellow DANS-KNAWRene van Horik NARCIS, VisualizationsSustainability and Scientific careers and cultures Queries as annotations,permanence, multi-media of data sharing, ACUMEN CLARIN, Circulation ofsources, APARSEN, NEDIMAH knowledge Peter Doorn Christophe Guéret Albert Moroño Peñuela Ashkan Askpour Semantic web, Semantic web, CEDAR History, information sciences, Olav ten Bosch eHistory, Clarin, Dariah, complex networks IISH Drastic data Clariah CEDAR CEDAR Director of DANS KSL Cheng Goa, Krzysztof Suchecki, Almila Akdag Leen Breure KNOWLEDGE SPACE LAB Enhanced publications, eHistory Thank you for your attention! For more information please contact Andrea.scharnhorst@dans.knaw.nl

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