Knowledge maps for libraries and archives - uses
and use cases
International UDC Seminar "Classification & Authority Contr...
Our team – “science located”
Functions of Knowledge Maps
Raising awareness
Being used as reference system and for navigation
Being used in the process ...
Raising awareness
http://mtchl.net/tag/generousinterfaces/
http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/showcase/discover-
the-queenslander#/...
Reference system
and navigationsteentijd
venlo
opgraving
raaprapport
breda
analectapraehistoricaleidensia
archeologie
arch...
Data curation
1
100
10000
1 mil.
numberoffiles
image/*
(2238382)
application/*
(594297)
text/*
(342365)
audio/*
(55785)
vi...
Macroscopes as heuristic devices in
research on the evolution of KOS
How is the collection of library situated in time
and...
Former research
 Comparison of the topical profile of Wikipedia/EN and UDC
 Evolution of the UDC according to the Master...
The Portuguese case
PORBASE (the union catalogue of the Portuguese libraries)
http://oai.bn.pt/servlet/OAIHandler
set: por...
Baseline statistics
Data set # records #records with
a xxxx year
format
#records with
more than
one UDC
class
BNP porbase ...
BND – The National Digital Library of
Portugal
Arts. Entertainment. Sport
Geography. History
PORBASE – The Portuguese Union
Catalog
Social Sciences
Applied Sciences. Medicine, Technology
Linguistics. Literature
Comparing profiles - Publication
Dates
Dates in the WorldCat ranged from 1714 to 2009, with the majority
clustered between...
UDC Main Classes – across sets
In the WorldCat all main classes occurred
1 and 2 (4%); 0 5 7 9 (8-10%); 3 (22%), 6 (18%), ...
Network of UDC classes
+ Coordination. Addition / Consecutive extension: Simple relation
Conclusions (I) – functions of visual
explorations and knowledge maps
 Curation and management
 Showcasing and raising a...
Conclusions II – functions of visual
explorations and knowledge maps
 Research
 Structure and evolution of KOS
– large s...
www.knowescape.org
References
• Börner, Katy (2010) Atlas of Science, MIT Press; ~ (2014) Atlas of Knowledge, MIT Press
• Scharnhorst, A. (20...
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Knowledge maps for libraries and archives - uses and use cases

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A. Scharnhorst, R. Smiraglia, C. Gueret, A. Salah (2015) Knowledge maps for libraries and archives - uses and use cases. International UDC Seminar "Classification & Authority Control: Expanding Resource Discovery” , The National Library of Portugal in Lisbon, 29-30 October 2015.

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  • I mentioned those four functions of Knowledge Maps already, and I will give examples for all of them. Hoping that they find your interest.
    Some of those examples come from own work, some are observations, all have been informed by workshops and related work of a community which currently works together in the COST network Knowescape. References will be given in the slides as well as at the end, and the slides will be available on slide share.

    I will reserve the last part of talk to the fourth function – and the research I mean here is situated in Information Sciences, Knowledge organisation – evolution of classification systems – as designed as as embodied.
  • Knowledge maps for libraries and archives - uses and use cases

    1. 1. Knowledge maps for libraries and archives - uses and use cases International UDC Seminar "Classification & Authority Control: Expanding Resource Discovery” , The National Library of Portugal in Lisbon, 29-30 October 2015. Andrea Scharnhorst, eHumanities DANS/KNAW (Netherlands) Richard P. Smiraglia, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (USA) Christophe Guéret, eHumanities DANS/KNAW (Netherlands) Alkim Almila Akdag Salah, eHumanities DANS/KNAW (Netherlands)
    2. 2. Our team – “science located”
    3. 3. Functions of Knowledge Maps Raising awareness Being used as reference system and for navigation Being used in the process of data curation and management Being used as heuristic device in research
    4. 4. Raising awareness http://mtchl.net/tag/generousinterfaces/ http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/showcase/discover- the-queenslander#/grid http://www.drasticdata.nl/ProjectDANSEasy/index.htm
    5. 5. Reference system and navigationsteentijd venlo opgraving raaprapport breda analectapraehistoricaleidensia archeologie archaeology mandemakers voc vlaardingen maastricht valkenburg cuijk wijchen arc vestigia grontmij synthegra baac raap adc archeomedia oranjewoud tiel rob ram analecta archol zar nijmegen bureauonderzoek elst deventer zutphen leiden haarlem mobiliteitsonderzoeknederland mobiliteit mobiliteitsonderzoek ovin mon woononderzoek woon2006 woon2009 woon woon2012 amsterdam volkstelling nationaalkiezersonderzoek nko2006 nko nko2010 icvs wur tweedewereldoorlog kadaster hbomonitor cool kwaliteitskaart onderwijs scp ebb cbs cbsbmb pols nells cultureleveranderingen socon tbo avo 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 proximity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 synthegra baac raap adc archeomedia oranjewoud tiel rob ram analecta archol zar nijmegen bureauonderzoek elst deventer zutphen leiden haarlem mobiliteitsonderzoeknederland mobiliteit mobiliteitsonderzoek ovin mon woononderzoek woon2006 woon2009 woon woon2012 amsterdam volkstelling nationaalkiezersonderzoek nko2006 nko nko2010 icvs wur tweedewereldoorlog kadaster hbomonitor cool kwaliteitskaart onderwijs scp ebb cbs 5 6 7
    6. 6. Data curation 1 100 10000 1 mil. numberoffiles image/* (2238382) application/* (594297) text/* (342365) audio/* (55785) video/* (551) message/* (13) Content Type magnitude: 1000, 100, 10, 1 users sessions Number of logged in users and sessions, world−wide, 2011 − 2014
    7. 7. Macroscopes as heuristic devices in research on the evolution of KOS How is the collection of library situated in time and (topical) space? What can we learn from the instantiation of UDC numbers is catalogue data about the UDC? about the use of the UDC? via the UDC about the collection?
    8. 8. Former research  Comparison of the topical profile of Wikipedia/EN and UDC  Evolution of the UDC according to the Master Reference Files  Instantiations in libraries Sample of OCLC data (records with UDC numbers) Sample of the library KU Leuven
    9. 9. The Portuguese case PORBASE (the union catalogue of the Portuguese libraries) http://oai.bn.pt/servlet/OAIHandler set: porbase Catálogo BNP (the catalogue of the BNP) http://oai.bn.pt/servlet/OAIHandler set: catalogo BND domínio público (a dataset of the National Digital Library public domain files) http://oai.bn.pt/servlet/OAIHandler set: bndlivre Courtesy of the BNP, thanks to Maria Ines Cordeiro
    10. 10. Baseline statistics Data set # records #records with a xxxx year format #records with more than one UDC class BNP porbase 1 115 278 520 412 349 029 BNP catalogo 877 677 338 505 369 718 BNP bndlivre 21 526 2 670 12 437
    11. 11. BND – The National Digital Library of Portugal Arts. Entertainment. Sport Geography. History
    12. 12. PORBASE – The Portuguese Union Catalog Social Sciences Applied Sciences. Medicine, Technology Linguistics. Literature
    13. 13. Comparing profiles - Publication Dates Dates in the WorldCat ranged from 1714 to 2009, with the majority clustered between 1973 and 2009. Dates in Leuven ranged from 1599 to 2011, with the majority post- dating 1960. Dates in PORBASE start end of the the 19th century, with most entries between 1960 and 2000. In the BNP we see a wider spectrum of years: 1700, 1775, 1825 and 1900 and with peaks in 1875 and 2000. Records from the BND span the period between1500 and 2000, with the largest number of records in the years 1875 and 2000.
    14. 14. UDC Main Classes – across sets In the WorldCat all main classes occurred 1 and 2 (4%); 0 5 7 9 (8-10%); 3 (22%), 6 (18%), 8 (16%) In Leuven 8, 1, (1-2%); 7, 9, 5 (8-11%); 6 (16%), 2 (18%), 3 (21%) PORBASE 3 is the largest UDC class, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0 have much smaller number of records, few can be found in 1 or 2 BNP Most of the UDC numbers are in class 9 and almost as many in class 7, small groups in classes 3 and 6, very few in 0, 1, 2 and 8 BND Most records are in 9 and 7, and a small batch can be found in 3. 0 = Science and Knowledge…. 1 = Philosophy, Psychology 2 = Religion. Theology 3 = Social sciences 5 = Mathematics, Natural sciences 6 = Applied sciences, Medicine, Technology 7 = Arts, Entertainment, Sports 8 = Linguistics, Literature 9 = Geography, History
    15. 15. Network of UDC classes + Coordination. Addition / Consecutive extension: Simple relation
    16. 16. Conclusions (I) – functions of visual explorations and knowledge maps  Curation and management  Showcasing and raising awareness  Navigation  Research
    17. 17. Conclusions II – functions of visual explorations and knowledge maps  Research  Structure and evolution of KOS – large scale and comparative analysis  New ways for library statistics, and Library Catalogue Analysis  Big Data analysis (incl. visual analytics) to curate ‘messy data’  Topical analysis, Science Dynamics and Digital Humanities Ginda, Börner, Scharnhorst 2015
    18. 18. www.knowescape.org
    19. 19. References • Börner, Katy (2010) Atlas of Science, MIT Press; ~ (2014) Atlas of Knowledge, MIT Press • Scharnhorst, A. (2015). Walking through a library remotely. Why we need maps for collections and how KnoweScape can help us to make them. Les Cahiers Du Numérique, 11(1), 103–127. doi:10.3166/lcn.11.1.103-127 • Smiraglia, R. P., Scharnhorst, A., Akdag Salah, A., & Gao, C. (2013). UDC in Action. In A. Slavic, A. Akdag Salah, & S. Davies (Eds.), Classification and visualization: interfaces to knowledge (pp. 259–270). Würzburg: Ergon Verlag. Preprint available at http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.3783 • Akdag Salah, Almila, Cheng Gao, Krzysztof Suchecki, Andrea Scharnhorst, and Richard P. Smiraglia. 2012. “The Evolution of Classification Systems: Ontogeny of the UDC.” In Categories, Contexts and Relations in Knowledge Organization: Proceedings of the Twelfth International ISKO Conference 6-9 August 2012 Mysore, India, ed. A. Neelameghan and K.S. Raghavan, 51–57. Würzburg: Ergon Verlag. • Ginda, M., Scharnhorst, A., & Borner, K. (2015). Modelling the Structure and Dynamics of Science Using Books. Digital Libraries; Physics and Society. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1503.03287 (preprint) • Christine L. Borgman, Andrea Scharnhorst, Henk Van den Berg, Herbert Van de Sompel, and Andrew Treloar. "Who Uses the Digital Data Archive? An Exploratory Study of DANS" Information Today (2015).

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