Cross domain knowledge
discovery, complex system
theory and semantic web
Aida Slavic, Christophe Gueret, Andrea Scharnhors...
Paul Otlet - Mundaneum
Bibliographical Institute
Ordering the knowledge of the world
Universal Decimal Classification
Pala...
Classification

All pictures © Mundaneum
The scientific process

All pictures © Mundaneum
Workplaces - workspaces

All pictures © Mundaneum
Encyclopedia Universalis Mundaneum
– a Visual Encyclopedia

All pictures © Mundaneum
The What, How and Why together

All pictures © Mundaneum
Begreifen & Vermitteln

All pictures © Mundaneum
Otlet - Visions
Every information scientist (= We all are IS says Martin
White) should once in her/his life visit the Mund...
Designing interfaces to collections –
visual enhanced browsing

All datasets in EASY - the digital research data archive a...
Steps towards visual
enhanced/facetted browsing

AH CS

M&P

SoSc
Back to UDC – Facts and Figures
Translated in over 40 languages, used in over 130
countries:
bibliographies and bibliograp...
Understanding the evolution
of Knowledge Organization Systems

More research needed – various KOS
ACM – Veslava Osinska
ME...
UDC Applications: Scope and
Potentials
Cross-language linking of concepts, i.e. managing link between concepts and
languag...
Linking concepts across knowledge
KOS and Libraries in the web of
knowledge
Classifications can be used on the Web to:
Improve and enrich semantics and acce...
Linked Open Data – Big Data
What are Linked (Open) Data?

See also: Tutorial Linked Data: stap voor stap. Paul Hermans, http://www.den.nl/nieuws/beric...
What is the clue?
Peter Richmond as chair of MP0801
Peter Richmond publishing with Sorin Solomon

Science+Engineering
Data...
KOS and Libraries stream into the
LOD cloud – what is the problem?

XML/RDF export
XML/RDF export

COLLECTION
CATALOGUES

...
UDC as LOD
The first stage contains the following UDC data:
UDC number (notation)  skos:notation
class identifier (URI) ...
For (machine) eyes only!
Who said machine make life easier?

example of the UDC class
=162.3 Czech
[Common auxiliary of la...
Issues - I
Enable automatic redirection on the Web from cancelled UDC numbers.
UDC MRF database holds data as follows:
UDC...
Issues - 2

 Complex UDC expressions appear in the process of use and may not
appear in the original scheme
37:004
32:37
...
Issues - 3
Versions of UDC
Can be controlled in the editions
But what about the actual use in libraries – here UDC
numbers...
Summary
Heritage of Otlet and other Information/Documentation
pioneers -> Mundaneum 2015 Exhibit Knowledge Maps
Self-organ...
References
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mircea_Eliade
Eliade, M. (1974). The myth of the eternal return or, Cosmos and his...
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Cross domain knowledge discovery, complex system theory and semantic web

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Cross domain knowledge discovery, complex system theory and semantic web - or - Why Otlet?
Aida Slavic, Christophe Gueret, Andrea Scharnhorst
Presentation at the First Annual KnowEscape Conference,
Nov 18-20, 2013, Aalto University, Espoo Finland

Published in: Education
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Cross domain knowledge discovery, complex system theory and semantic web

  1. 1. Cross domain knowledge discovery, complex system theory and semantic web Aida Slavic, Christophe Gueret, Andrea Scharnhorst Why Otlet? Presentation at the First Annual KnowEscape Conference, Nov 18-20, 2013, Aalto University, Espoo Finland
  2. 2. Paul Otlet - Mundaneum Bibliographical Institute Ordering the knowledge of the world Universal Decimal Classification Palais Mondial Picture of the Mundaneum. Taken by Andrea Scharnhorst Paul Otlet. Picture © Mundaneum
  3. 3. Classification All pictures © Mundaneum
  4. 4. The scientific process All pictures © Mundaneum
  5. 5. Workplaces - workspaces All pictures © Mundaneum
  6. 6. Encyclopedia Universalis Mundaneum – a Visual Encyclopedia All pictures © Mundaneum
  7. 7. The What, How and Why together All pictures © Mundaneum
  8. 8. Begreifen & Vermitteln All pictures © Mundaneum
  9. 9. Otlet - Visions Every information scientist (= We all are IS says Martin White) should once in her/his life visit the Mundaneum Without history we are condemned to eternal repetition (Mircea Eliade, pre-historic societies live in eternal return). Visual language experiments, exhibitions, objects Retrieval service (see R. Boyd, Proceedings Classifications & Visualizations 2013) – entrepreneur The UDC as part of Otlet’s heritage!
  10. 10. Designing interfaces to collections – visual enhanced browsing All datasets in EASY - the digital research data archive at DANS at one glance. www.drasticdata.nl
  11. 11. Steps towards visual enhanced/facetted browsing AH CS M&P SoSc
  12. 12. Back to UDC – Facts and Figures Translated in over 40 languages, used in over 130 countries: bibliographies and bibliographic databases libraries (also some museums, archives) digital collections, web portals, alerting services Annually updated and distributed as a file: 18 versions/‘editions’ since 1992 1992: 60,000 classes - 2011: 69,000 classes 10,000 classes cancelled 19,000 new classes added
  13. 13. Understanding the evolution of Knowledge Organization Systems More research needed – various KOS ACM – Veslava Osinska MESH – Alexander Petersen/Orion Penner ISI Classifications – Sandor Soos Wikipedia – Janos Kertesz, Krzysztof Suchecki ….
  14. 14. UDC Applications: Scope and Potentials Cross-language linking of concepts, i.e. managing link between concepts and language =512.16 Jižní skupina turkických jazyků Южная группа тюркских языков [Russian] तुकी भाषाओ का दिकणी समूह [Hindi] Թուրքական լեզուների հարավային խումբ [Armenian] Νότια ομάδα των Τουρκικών γλωσσών [Greek] 突厥南部语 [Chinese] দিকণস্থ েশিণর তুিক্ ভাষাসমূহ [Bengali] ্ষ র্ র チュルク語南部群 [Japanese] ಟಕರ ಭಾಷಗಳ ದಕಣ ಭಾಗದ ಸಮೂಹ [Kannada] Hierarchies: graphic knowledge presentation, browsing knowledge space (supporting interactive user behaviour) Linking concepts ‘fish’ in zoology, in sport, in cooking, in food industry, in animal husbandry
  15. 15. Linking concepts across knowledge
  16. 16. KOS and Libraries in the web of knowledge Classifications can be used on the Web to: Improve and enrich semantics and access points in the retrieval of information Enable information discovery across collections and languages Two requirements: • publishing classification: open access to classification vocabulary for m2m processing • publishing library catalogues: open access to collections and collections’ metadata for m2m processing
  17. 17. Linked Open Data – Big Data
  18. 18. What are Linked (Open) Data? See also: Tutorial Linked Data: stap voor stap. Paul Hermans, http://www.den.nl/nieuws/bericht/3075/
  19. 19. What is the clue? Peter Richmond as chair of MP0801 Peter Richmond publishing with Sorin Solomon Science+Engineering Data models + standards, Web technologies Algorithms Peter Richmond using EI/M0HBL Ah! This is one person! URI … /this is a person/ this is this person Designed for machines by humans! Occupied by machines guided by humans! Retrievable by (some) humans! Information/Data in databases live urban (some say in ghettos) Information/Data in the semantic web live in the wild – self-organized, endangered
  20. 20. KOS and Libraries stream into the LOD cloud – what is the problem? XML/RDF export XML/RDF export COLLECTION CATALOGUES connecting collections of data by programs (machine-to-machine) XML/RDF presentation relies on unique identification of resources (URI) pointing to one another UD C
  21. 21. UDC as LOD The first stage contains the following UDC data: UDC number (notation)  skos:notation class identifier (URI)  skos:Concept broader class (URI)  skos:broader caption  skos:prefLabel including note  skos:note application note  skos:note scope note  skos:scopeNote examples  skos:example see also reference  skos:related
  22. 22. For (machine) eyes only! Who said machine make life easier? example of the UDC class =162.3 Czech [Common auxiliary of language]
  23. 23. Issues - I Enable automatic redirection on the Web from cancelled UDC numbers. UDC MRF database holds data as follows: UDC CLASS NUMBER: 22 DESCRIPTION: The Bible. Holy scripture REPLACED BY: 26-23 Judaism – Scriptures 27-23 Christianity - Scriptures SKOS does not offer solution for presenting this kind of data at the moment But in RDF, it is possible to use other models in combination with SKOS… Dublin Core for versioning links the two classes using properties in the term namespace : isReplacedby; replaces
  24. 24. Issues - 2  Complex UDC expressions appear in the process of use and may not appear in the original scheme 37:004 32:37 Application of computers in education Relationships between politics and education  Library catalogues or authority data shared on the web contain many pre-combined number and when published as linked data these numbers may have their own URI  How to link representations between notations from the original schemes and complex subject expressions developed at the point of indexing?
  25. 25. Issues - 3 Versions of UDC Can be controlled in the editions But what about the actual use in libraries – here UDC numbers don’t come with a year when they have been assigned Updates of UDC – how to give the web a memory Provenance Memento URI …/last/….
  26. 26. Summary Heritage of Otlet and other Information/Documentation pioneers -> Mundaneum 2015 Exhibit Knowledge Maps Self-organized knowledge creation and KOS belong together – both are an intriguing object for study – best studied combined Transition to Big Data in form of Linked (Open) Data requires careful and inventive preparations There is a long way from visionary drawings to useful visual navigation – but to start the journey is worth-while and needed.
  27. 27. References http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mircea_Eliade Eliade, M. (1974). The myth of the eternal return or, Cosmos and history: Trans. from the French by Willard R. Trask. Princeton: Princeton University Press. • Knowledge Space Lab publications on Wikipedia and UDC – see http://arxiv.org/find/all/1/all:+AND+akdag+udc/0/1/0/all/0/1 and http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.0788 • http://scimaps.org/maps/map/design_vs_emergence__127/ • http://udcc.org/ and http://udcc.org/index.php/site/page?view=bib • http://www.mundaneum.org/

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