Comparison: Guided Reading and Small Group Instruction Guided Reading Small Group InstructionNumber of Students 4-6 students in a group 2-10 students in a groupGrouping of students Students are grouped by their Instructional Students are group by similar reading levels or by Reading Level (usually one level per group) as strategy groups/needs. They are not necessarily all determined by assessments such as Fountas and the same Instructional Reading Level. A range of Pinnell’s Benchmark Assessment System. similar reading levels may be present in a group.Length of Group Groups are temporary and fluid. Students are Groups are fluid and can be based on strategy or moved to others groups as their instructional needs of students. level increases.Length of time Each guided reading lesson is 20 – 25 minutes. Small group instruction lessons vary in length ranging from 15 minutes to 45 minutes.Text Selection Text selection is foremost based on the Text is chosen based on a approximate levelled instructional reading level. materialsReading of the text The teacher introduces the text and provides a Text can be read aloud by the teacher or by various purpose for reading. Before, during and after students. It might be read silently by individuals. reading strategies are used. Each student reads Reading of the text may take various forms. the entire text or a unified part of it softly or Round Robin reading is not encouraged. silently while the teacher observes, listens in and Text is usually read once. supports. They discuss the text and the teacher Students might work collaboratively. makes some specific teaching points. Teaching is specific to student’s reading needs. Students learn self-help strategies and independence. Reading is not done in Round Robin format. Text is read and reread several times for different purposes.Focus Focus is on reading strategies and developing Focus can be on strategies, comprehension, or a reading comprehension skills. Students are specific text selection. practicing reading strategies. Reading for meaning takes a lot of the instructional time.Genres A variety of genres are covered. A variety of genres are covered.Purpose To provide students time to practice reading at To differentiate instruction based upon student needs. their instructional level. To provide specific skill instruction or concept For students to practice comprehension and self attainment. monitoring strategies in a supported environment. To be used as a time to monitor student growth and to move them along from easier to harder materials.