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What Works for
Wellbeing
whatworkswellbeing.org
@whatworksWB
Nancy Hey - @Work_Life_You
 Explain what wellbeing is, how its defined and
measured and why it matters
Explain the link between wellbeing, a fairer society
and making the economic case for prevention
 Describe key factors that influence wellbeing
building on the UK’s world-leading science
 Show how wellbeing can be a powerful tool for
public health and as a public health outcome in its
own right
Session aim
Objectives – by the end of the session be able to
What Works Centre for
Wellbeing
What, Why, How, Who & When
Nancy Hey
Centre Director
What, Why, How and Who
Independent Unbiased Rigorous Concise Relevant Accessible
What Works
for Children’s
Social Care
Wales Centre for
Public Policy
• Independent of government
• Systematic reviews of the
evidence base
• Translate assessments into
practical guidance
• Identify and fill evidence gaps
through trials
• Incentivise and build the
capacity of decision makers to
generate and use evidence
Nancy Hey
Centre Director
What, Why, How and Who
What Works Centre for Wellbeing
What, Why, How and Who
Growing knowledge
2018...2021
Wellbeing Across the Life Course
Culture & Sport
Community Wellbeing – People, Power & Place
Work, Transitions & Adult Learning
Using Pictures
Translation: Simple, accessible communication for non-experts
Standardisation
Accessibility
Meaning
Wellbeing Economics
for a fairer society
Part 2 What is wellbeing
What do we know about wellbeing in the UK
Towards inclusive growth
Health or Growth? Or Both?
“The ultimate purpose of economics, of
course, is to understand and promote the
enhancement of wellbeing.”
Ben Bernanke, former Chairman US
Federal Reserve
“For growth to be sustainable and
strong it needs to be inclusive and
comprehensive.
There is a role for public policy,
over time, to seek to close these
fault-lines to achieve inclusive and
sustainable rises in societal
wellbeing.”
Andrew Haldane, Chief Economist,
Bank of England August 2016
Wellbeing = social welfare
Wellbeing has an image problem, people think its fluffy – its not.
The “Wellbeing Industry” confuses the
issue
Health is a state
of complete
physical, mental
and social
wellbeing and
not merely the
absence of
disease or
infirmity.
Why bother?
How important is wellbeing to health, work and
society?
Health
1.Reduced inflammation
2.Improved cardiovascular
health immune & endocrine
systems
3.Lowered risk of heart disease
stroke & susceptibility to
infection
4.Practicing good health
behaviours
5.Speed of recovery
6.Survival & longevity
Work
1.Increased productivity 12%
2.Peer rated & financial
performance
3.Reduced absenteeism
4.Creativity & cognitive
flexibility
5.Cooperation & collaboration
6.Higher income
7.Organizational performance
8.Deal better with job loss
9.Better able to learn new skills
Personal & social
1.Longer term time
preferences and delayed
gratification
2.Reduced consumption &
increased savings
3.Employment
4.Reduced risk taking
5.Pro-social behaviour e.g.
donating money and
volunteering
6.Sociability, social
relationships & networks
People with higher wellbeing =
better health, work, personal life and social contribution
ONS Wellbeing Framework – informed by public debate
Part 1 What is wellbeing
‘how we are doing’
as individuals, communities and as a nation
and how sustainable this is for the future
Shared outcomes for the UK
What is wellbeing
Devolved Government
Outcomes focus in Scotland and Wales
Determinants of mental health
Creating the conditions for us all to thrive
Physical and Mental health is affected by a broad
range of factors.
We use wellbeing as a measure of social progress to
address all these together.
Wellbeing focus creates the
conditions in society for individuals to
thrive.
• Personal characteristics
• Personal: Living well
• People: Social health and community context
• Place: Local conditions
• National & Global conditions
Economic appraisal and evaluation of wellbeing impacts
How of wellbeing
2.3 Economic appraisal is based on the principles of
welfare economics – that is, how the government can
improve social welfare or wellbeing, referred to in the
Green Book as social value.
4.15 Individual and society’s wellbeing is influenced by a number
of interrelated factors including health, relationships, security
and purpose
4.16 Where appropriate evaluations of previous or similar
interventions, international and wellbeing evidence, should be
used to design options that build on what works, to avoid
repeating past mistakes.
6.21 Subjective wellbeing evidence aims to capture the direct
impact of a policy on wellbeing. The evidence can challenge
decision makers to think carefully about the full range of an
intervention’s impacts…
https://whatworkswellbeing.org/appraisal/
1. What’s your objective
2. What are your options
3. Narrowing options
4. Evaluating impact
World Leading Science
World leading wellbeing
data in the UK
Improved year on year for 5 years from March 2012-15……but not 2016 and back up in 2017 driven by
England.
Quarterly updates post referendum…
Part 1 What is wellbeing
How are we doing in the UK?
Local Context
How are we doing where you are?
Age
Children
Disability
Economic activity (work)
Education
Ethnicity
Gender
Index of multiple deprivation
Marital status
Migration
Mode of interview
Region
Religion
Self-reported health
Socio-economic status
Housing Tenure
Self-reported health
Economic activity
Marital status
Age
Mode of interview
Ethnicity
Region
Housing Tenure
Religion
Socio-economic status
Index of multiple deprivation
Education
Gender
Disability
Migration
Children
Largest Effects
Smallest Effects
Part 2 What we know
Factors that influence life satisfaction
Part 2 What we know
Typical wellbeing over a life time
Part 2 What we know
Anti-depressant use by age
Part 1 What we know
Suicide rates by age
National Wellbeing
Your staff, your customers: Changes by age group 2012-17
What influences wellbeing
Part 2 What we know
What are we doing that’s different?
What makes the difference?
Internationally we know that three quarters of the difference in wellbeing
between the top 10 and bottom 10 countries and regions can be explained
by:
1.Social support – have someone to rely on
2.Freedom to choose what you do in life
3.Kindness – give to charity/volunteer
4.Trust - Absence of corruption
5.GDP
6. Healthy life expectancy
Greater negative link with wellbeing
Physical
activity
Partner
relationship
Music
Employed
TrustS’one to
rely on
Unemployed
Longer
Commute
Low-qual
work
Noise
pollution
Air pollution
Years of
Educat’n
But it depends on the characteristics of the job.
Those with greater stability, clarity and social
relations tend to be best for wellbeing
High qual
work
Mixed
evidence or
no effect
Having a
child
Personal Wider environment and play Work
Green
Space
Poor health Loneliness
Selected factors and link with Life Satisfactionn
Note that this is not a meta-analysis, but rather a selection of independent variables from selected studies.
Greater +ve and -ve effect demonstrate where selected studies have shown a greater than +/- 5% link with overall wellbeing.
Smaller +ve and -ve effect shows a 1-5% link with overall wellbeing
Smaller negative link with wellbeing
Smaller positive link with wellbeing
Greater positive link with wellbeing
Greater negative link with wellbeing
Smaller negative link with wellbeing
Smaller positive link with wellbeing
Greater positive link with wellbeing
Basic needs
What we know
How big a challenge or resource?
Local Area Adult Wellbeing Indicators
The known drivers of wellbeing using existing data
-> Download
Applied to workplace
Workplace drivers of wellbeing
What makes the biggest
difference where you are?
Workplace index being tested
Community wellbeing – tools and resources
Online measurement toolkit for VCSE sector
1. Wellbeing explained
2. Measuring wellbeing
• Planning and designing evaluations
• Practical considerations
3. Wellbeing survey questions
• Personal wellbeing questions
• Social capital questions
• Writing your own & open questions
4. Survey Builder
5. Analysing results
whatworkswellbeing.org/measure
What Works to improve wellbeing
Part 2 What Works
Evidence summaries of interventions
Part 3 What Works
Very few things impact wellbeing as much as
work
Part 3 What Works
Improve job quality & performance
Community Resilience:
enables a positive response to a
crisis
& increases positive emotion
From having a caring and effective
community through:
People – our relationships
Power – ability to influence
Place – built & natural environment
•strength of social fabric
•levels of trust
•institutional quality
•generosity
•shared purpose
Latest
Being well together – how change happens in communities
Introduction
Sector perspective: Case studies and
recommendations
thank you!
www.whatworkswellbeing.org
@whatworksWB
@work_life_you

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What Works for Wellbeing

  • 2.  Explain what wellbeing is, how its defined and measured and why it matters Explain the link between wellbeing, a fairer society and making the economic case for prevention  Describe key factors that influence wellbeing building on the UK’s world-leading science  Show how wellbeing can be a powerful tool for public health and as a public health outcome in its own right Session aim Objectives – by the end of the session be able to
  • 3. What Works Centre for Wellbeing What, Why, How, Who & When
  • 4. Nancy Hey Centre Director What, Why, How and Who Independent Unbiased Rigorous Concise Relevant Accessible What Works for Children’s Social Care Wales Centre for Public Policy • Independent of government • Systematic reviews of the evidence base • Translate assessments into practical guidance • Identify and fill evidence gaps through trials • Incentivise and build the capacity of decision makers to generate and use evidence
  • 5. Nancy Hey Centre Director What, Why, How and Who What Works Centre for Wellbeing
  • 6. What, Why, How and Who Growing knowledge 2018...2021 Wellbeing Across the Life Course Culture & Sport Community Wellbeing – People, Power & Place Work, Transitions & Adult Learning
  • 7. Using Pictures Translation: Simple, accessible communication for non-experts Standardisation Accessibility Meaning
  • 8. Wellbeing Economics for a fairer society Part 2 What is wellbeing What do we know about wellbeing in the UK
  • 9. Towards inclusive growth Health or Growth? Or Both? “The ultimate purpose of economics, of course, is to understand and promote the enhancement of wellbeing.” Ben Bernanke, former Chairman US Federal Reserve “For growth to be sustainable and strong it needs to be inclusive and comprehensive. There is a role for public policy, over time, to seek to close these fault-lines to achieve inclusive and sustainable rises in societal wellbeing.” Andrew Haldane, Chief Economist, Bank of England August 2016
  • 10. Wellbeing = social welfare Wellbeing has an image problem, people think its fluffy – its not. The “Wellbeing Industry” confuses the issue Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
  • 11. Why bother? How important is wellbeing to health, work and society? Health 1.Reduced inflammation 2.Improved cardiovascular health immune & endocrine systems 3.Lowered risk of heart disease stroke & susceptibility to infection 4.Practicing good health behaviours 5.Speed of recovery 6.Survival & longevity Work 1.Increased productivity 12% 2.Peer rated & financial performance 3.Reduced absenteeism 4.Creativity & cognitive flexibility 5.Cooperation & collaboration 6.Higher income 7.Organizational performance 8.Deal better with job loss 9.Better able to learn new skills Personal & social 1.Longer term time preferences and delayed gratification 2.Reduced consumption & increased savings 3.Employment 4.Reduced risk taking 5.Pro-social behaviour e.g. donating money and volunteering 6.Sociability, social relationships & networks People with higher wellbeing = better health, work, personal life and social contribution
  • 12. ONS Wellbeing Framework – informed by public debate Part 1 What is wellbeing ‘how we are doing’ as individuals, communities and as a nation and how sustainable this is for the future
  • 13. Shared outcomes for the UK What is wellbeing
  • 14. Devolved Government Outcomes focus in Scotland and Wales
  • 15. Determinants of mental health Creating the conditions for us all to thrive Physical and Mental health is affected by a broad range of factors. We use wellbeing as a measure of social progress to address all these together. Wellbeing focus creates the conditions in society for individuals to thrive. • Personal characteristics • Personal: Living well • People: Social health and community context • Place: Local conditions • National & Global conditions
  • 16. Economic appraisal and evaluation of wellbeing impacts How of wellbeing 2.3 Economic appraisal is based on the principles of welfare economics – that is, how the government can improve social welfare or wellbeing, referred to in the Green Book as social value. 4.15 Individual and society’s wellbeing is influenced by a number of interrelated factors including health, relationships, security and purpose 4.16 Where appropriate evaluations of previous or similar interventions, international and wellbeing evidence, should be used to design options that build on what works, to avoid repeating past mistakes. 6.21 Subjective wellbeing evidence aims to capture the direct impact of a policy on wellbeing. The evidence can challenge decision makers to think carefully about the full range of an intervention’s impacts… https://whatworkswellbeing.org/appraisal/ 1. What’s your objective 2. What are your options 3. Narrowing options 4. Evaluating impact
  • 17. World Leading Science World leading wellbeing data in the UK
  • 18. Improved year on year for 5 years from March 2012-15……but not 2016 and back up in 2017 driven by England. Quarterly updates post referendum… Part 1 What is wellbeing How are we doing in the UK?
  • 19. Local Context How are we doing where you are?
  • 20. Age Children Disability Economic activity (work) Education Ethnicity Gender Index of multiple deprivation Marital status Migration Mode of interview Region Religion Self-reported health Socio-economic status Housing Tenure Self-reported health Economic activity Marital status Age Mode of interview Ethnicity Region Housing Tenure Religion Socio-economic status Index of multiple deprivation Education Gender Disability Migration Children Largest Effects Smallest Effects Part 2 What we know Factors that influence life satisfaction
  • 21. Part 2 What we know Typical wellbeing over a life time
  • 22. Part 2 What we know Anti-depressant use by age
  • 23. Part 1 What we know Suicide rates by age
  • 24. National Wellbeing Your staff, your customers: Changes by age group 2012-17
  • 26. Part 2 What we know What are we doing that’s different?
  • 27. What makes the difference? Internationally we know that three quarters of the difference in wellbeing between the top 10 and bottom 10 countries and regions can be explained by: 1.Social support – have someone to rely on 2.Freedom to choose what you do in life 3.Kindness – give to charity/volunteer 4.Trust - Absence of corruption 5.GDP 6. Healthy life expectancy
  • 28. Greater negative link with wellbeing Physical activity Partner relationship Music Employed TrustS’one to rely on Unemployed Longer Commute Low-qual work Noise pollution Air pollution Years of Educat’n But it depends on the characteristics of the job. Those with greater stability, clarity and social relations tend to be best for wellbeing High qual work Mixed evidence or no effect Having a child Personal Wider environment and play Work Green Space Poor health Loneliness Selected factors and link with Life Satisfactionn Note that this is not a meta-analysis, but rather a selection of independent variables from selected studies. Greater +ve and -ve effect demonstrate where selected studies have shown a greater than +/- 5% link with overall wellbeing. Smaller +ve and -ve effect shows a 1-5% link with overall wellbeing Smaller negative link with wellbeing Smaller positive link with wellbeing Greater positive link with wellbeing Greater negative link with wellbeing Smaller negative link with wellbeing Smaller positive link with wellbeing Greater positive link with wellbeing Basic needs What we know How big a challenge or resource?
  • 29. Local Area Adult Wellbeing Indicators The known drivers of wellbeing using existing data -> Download
  • 30. Applied to workplace Workplace drivers of wellbeing What makes the biggest difference where you are? Workplace index being tested
  • 31. Community wellbeing – tools and resources Online measurement toolkit for VCSE sector 1. Wellbeing explained 2. Measuring wellbeing • Planning and designing evaluations • Practical considerations 3. Wellbeing survey questions • Personal wellbeing questions • Social capital questions • Writing your own & open questions 4. Survey Builder 5. Analysing results whatworkswellbeing.org/measure
  • 32. What Works to improve wellbeing
  • 33. Part 2 What Works Evidence summaries of interventions
  • 34. Part 3 What Works Very few things impact wellbeing as much as work
  • 35. Part 3 What Works Improve job quality & performance
  • 36. Community Resilience: enables a positive response to a crisis & increases positive emotion From having a caring and effective community through: People – our relationships Power – ability to influence Place – built & natural environment •strength of social fabric •levels of trust •institutional quality •generosity •shared purpose Latest Being well together – how change happens in communities
  • 37. Introduction Sector perspective: Case studies and recommendations