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What Works for Wellbeing

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This presentation by Nancy Hey, Director of the What Works Centre for Wellbeing provides:
• An introduction to the mission of the Centre
• What wellbeing is, how it’s defined and measured and why it matters
• Explains the link between wellbeing, a fairer society and making the economic case for prevention
• Describes key factors that influence wellbeing building on the UK’s world-leading science
• Shows how wellbeing can be a powerful tool for public health and as a public health outcome in its own right

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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What Works for Wellbeing

  1. 1. What Works for Wellbeing whatworkswellbeing.org @whatworksWB Nancy Hey - @Work_Life_You
  2. 2.  Explain what wellbeing is, how its defined and measured and why it matters Explain the link between wellbeing, a fairer society and making the economic case for prevention  Describe key factors that influence wellbeing building on the UK’s world-leading science  Show how wellbeing can be a powerful tool for public health and as a public health outcome in its own right Session aim Objectives – by the end of the session be able to
  3. 3. What Works Centre for Wellbeing What, Why, How, Who & When
  4. 4. Nancy Hey Centre Director What, Why, How and Who Independent Unbiased Rigorous Concise Relevant Accessible What Works for Children’s Social Care Wales Centre for Public Policy • Independent of government • Systematic reviews of the evidence base • Translate assessments into practical guidance • Identify and fill evidence gaps through trials • Incentivise and build the capacity of decision makers to generate and use evidence
  5. 5. Nancy Hey Centre Director What, Why, How and Who What Works Centre for Wellbeing
  6. 6. What, Why, How and Who Growing knowledge 2018...2021 Wellbeing Across the Life Course Culture & Sport Community Wellbeing – People, Power & Place Work, Transitions & Adult Learning
  7. 7. Using Pictures Translation: Simple, accessible communication for non-experts Standardisation Accessibility Meaning
  8. 8. Wellbeing Economics for a fairer society Part 2 What is wellbeing What do we know about wellbeing in the UK
  9. 9. Towards inclusive growth Health or Growth? Or Both? “The ultimate purpose of economics, of course, is to understand and promote the enhancement of wellbeing.” Ben Bernanke, former Chairman US Federal Reserve “For growth to be sustainable and strong it needs to be inclusive and comprehensive. There is a role for public policy, over time, to seek to close these fault-lines to achieve inclusive and sustainable rises in societal wellbeing.” Andrew Haldane, Chief Economist, Bank of England August 2016
  10. 10. Wellbeing = social welfare Wellbeing has an image problem, people think its fluffy – its not. The “Wellbeing Industry” confuses the issue Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
  11. 11. Why bother? How important is wellbeing to health, work and society? Health 1.Reduced inflammation 2.Improved cardiovascular health immune & endocrine systems 3.Lowered risk of heart disease stroke & susceptibility to infection 4.Practicing good health behaviours 5.Speed of recovery 6.Survival & longevity Work 1.Increased productivity 12% 2.Peer rated & financial performance 3.Reduced absenteeism 4.Creativity & cognitive flexibility 5.Cooperation & collaboration 6.Higher income 7.Organizational performance 8.Deal better with job loss 9.Better able to learn new skills Personal & social 1.Longer term time preferences and delayed gratification 2.Reduced consumption & increased savings 3.Employment 4.Reduced risk taking 5.Pro-social behaviour e.g. donating money and volunteering 6.Sociability, social relationships & networks People with higher wellbeing = better health, work, personal life and social contribution
  12. 12. ONS Wellbeing Framework – informed by public debate Part 1 What is wellbeing ‘how we are doing’ as individuals, communities and as a nation and how sustainable this is for the future
  13. 13. Shared outcomes for the UK What is wellbeing
  14. 14. Devolved Government Outcomes focus in Scotland and Wales
  15. 15. Determinants of mental health Creating the conditions for us all to thrive Physical and Mental health is affected by a broad range of factors. We use wellbeing as a measure of social progress to address all these together. Wellbeing focus creates the conditions in society for individuals to thrive. • Personal characteristics • Personal: Living well • People: Social health and community context • Place: Local conditions • National & Global conditions
  16. 16. Economic appraisal and evaluation of wellbeing impacts How of wellbeing 2.3 Economic appraisal is based on the principles of welfare economics – that is, how the government can improve social welfare or wellbeing, referred to in the Green Book as social value. 4.15 Individual and society’s wellbeing is influenced by a number of interrelated factors including health, relationships, security and purpose 4.16 Where appropriate evaluations of previous or similar interventions, international and wellbeing evidence, should be used to design options that build on what works, to avoid repeating past mistakes. 6.21 Subjective wellbeing evidence aims to capture the direct impact of a policy on wellbeing. The evidence can challenge decision makers to think carefully about the full range of an intervention’s impacts… https://whatworkswellbeing.org/appraisal/ 1. What’s your objective 2. What are your options 3. Narrowing options 4. Evaluating impact
  17. 17. World Leading Science World leading wellbeing data in the UK
  18. 18. Improved year on year for 5 years from March 2012-15……but not 2016 and back up in 2017 driven by England. Quarterly updates post referendum… Part 1 What is wellbeing How are we doing in the UK?
  19. 19. Local Context How are we doing where you are?
  20. 20. Age Children Disability Economic activity (work) Education Ethnicity Gender Index of multiple deprivation Marital status Migration Mode of interview Region Religion Self-reported health Socio-economic status Housing Tenure Self-reported health Economic activity Marital status Age Mode of interview Ethnicity Region Housing Tenure Religion Socio-economic status Index of multiple deprivation Education Gender Disability Migration Children Largest Effects Smallest Effects Part 2 What we know Factors that influence life satisfaction
  21. 21. Part 2 What we know Typical wellbeing over a life time
  22. 22. Part 2 What we know Anti-depressant use by age
  23. 23. Part 1 What we know Suicide rates by age
  24. 24. National Wellbeing Your staff, your customers: Changes by age group 2012-17
  25. 25. What influences wellbeing
  26. 26. Part 2 What we know What are we doing that’s different?
  27. 27. What makes the difference? Internationally we know that three quarters of the difference in wellbeing between the top 10 and bottom 10 countries and regions can be explained by: 1.Social support – have someone to rely on 2.Freedom to choose what you do in life 3.Kindness – give to charity/volunteer 4.Trust - Absence of corruption 5.GDP 6. Healthy life expectancy
  28. 28. Greater negative link with wellbeing Physical activity Partner relationship Music Employed TrustS’one to rely on Unemployed Longer Commute Low-qual work Noise pollution Air pollution Years of Educat’n But it depends on the characteristics of the job. Those with greater stability, clarity and social relations tend to be best for wellbeing High qual work Mixed evidence or no effect Having a child Personal Wider environment and play Work Green Space Poor health Loneliness Selected factors and link with Life Satisfactionn Note that this is not a meta-analysis, but rather a selection of independent variables from selected studies. Greater +ve and -ve effect demonstrate where selected studies have shown a greater than +/- 5% link with overall wellbeing. Smaller +ve and -ve effect shows a 1-5% link with overall wellbeing Smaller negative link with wellbeing Smaller positive link with wellbeing Greater positive link with wellbeing Greater negative link with wellbeing Smaller negative link with wellbeing Smaller positive link with wellbeing Greater positive link with wellbeing Basic needs What we know How big a challenge or resource?
  29. 29. Local Area Adult Wellbeing Indicators The known drivers of wellbeing using existing data -> Download
  30. 30. Applied to workplace Workplace drivers of wellbeing What makes the biggest difference where you are? Workplace index being tested
  31. 31. Community wellbeing – tools and resources Online measurement toolkit for VCSE sector 1. Wellbeing explained 2. Measuring wellbeing • Planning and designing evaluations • Practical considerations 3. Wellbeing survey questions • Personal wellbeing questions • Social capital questions • Writing your own & open questions 4. Survey Builder 5. Analysing results whatworkswellbeing.org/measure
  32. 32. What Works to improve wellbeing
  33. 33. Part 2 What Works Evidence summaries of interventions
  34. 34. Part 3 What Works Very few things impact wellbeing as much as work
  35. 35. Part 3 What Works Improve job quality & performance
  36. 36. Community Resilience: enables a positive response to a crisis & increases positive emotion From having a caring and effective community through: People – our relationships Power – ability to influence Place – built & natural environment •strength of social fabric •levels of trust •institutional quality •generosity •shared purpose Latest Being well together – how change happens in communities
  37. 37. Introduction Sector perspective: Case studies and recommendations
  38. 38. thank you! www.whatworkswellbeing.org @whatworksWB @work_life_you

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