Sacred & ProfaneDesign Principles Sacred•main center axis•foci on main axis•secondary axisalmost all bilateral Profane • unorganized main axis •foci off the main axis •unorganized secondary axis •chaotic and wild planting scheme
Era of DesignTown squares•developed during the Middle Ages as acentral gathering space for local citizens.•town squares are often an interruption orterminus to entering sightlines.•multiple streets sliding in at each corner ofsquare are known as “windmill” or “whirlingsquare”.Sightlines•the traveler’s eye rests upon a building orother large object within the village.Architecture•high walls, castles, structures built fromstone mark this period of architecture. Orientation• the town of Bagnaia is located on a north/southaxis easily identifying time of day.
Elements of a city A predominant element in the landscape that channels the observer to Path move through other arranged and related elements in the city. Walkways, canals, railroads, streets. A linear boundary within the landscape. An important organizing role Edge of a city, holding together generalized areas. A wall, water, edges of development. District The medium-to-large sections of the city in which the observer mentally enters “inside of,” recognizable as having common identifying character. Strategic points or junctions, concentration of some use or physical Node character related with the observers travels along the path and through the node. Street-corner, enclosed square. An external point-of-reference, singling out one defined physical Landmark object. Towers, drumlins, sculpture. - Kevin Lynch The Image of City