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Future Cities Africa
Future proofing to climate, environment and natural resource
challenges
Supporting inclusive, resilie...
__Climate, environment and natural
resource challenges
Contents
Section 1
Section 2 __ Global -Local Action to support
inc...
1. Climate, environment, natural
resource challenges
Our Shrinking Earth
population growing at 80m per year
1900
7.91
1950
5.15
1987
2.60
2005
2.02
2030
1.69
2050
1.44
YEAR
He...
ENTERING THE ECOLOGICAL AGE: Sustainable economic growth through a new paradigm of urban and rural development
Accra
Human...
ENTERING THE ECOLOGICAL AGE: Sustainable economic growth through a new paradigm of urban and rural development
Low to midd...
2. Global-local action to support
inclusive, resilient, low carbon
development
Sendai Framework for Disaster
Risk Reduction 2015-2030
Promote the mainstreaming of disaster risk
assessments into land-us...
Sendai Framework for Disaster
Risk Reduction 2015-2030
Promote the mainstreaming of disaster risk
assessment, mapping and ...
ACCRA CITY RESILIENCE 100 RESILIENT CITIES
The capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses,
and systems...
ENERGY WATER
FOOD RAW MATERIALS
ENERGY
Resource Efficiency
WATER
By 2030 world needs 30% more water, 40% more energy & 50%...
1. A Regional Approach
2. Gather regional data, develop regional knowledge, embed integrated
regional planning, build regi...
3. From observatory to
collaboratory
Public
Sector
Geographies
Private
Sector
Research
NGO
&
Philanthropy
Silos
Sectors
TEST
The Decision
to
Create TEST
Earth
Simulator
Region Simulator
www.icesfoundation.orgwww.ecosequestrust.org
OASIS
Global ICES ESA
Insurance
Catastrophic Risk
Modelling
Licence Form
Region
Application name
Organisation
Partnership agreement
Technical support service
In the last twenty years, the world has
• Deployed a global, high-bandwidth network
• Created a population of over 1 billi...
Citizen science and smart communities
Observatory Collaboratory
Citizen sensing
Earth
observation
Awareness
Mapping
Design...
Data brokering framework linked to Systems Model Engine
Observatory Collaboratory
The system of community life
Syn City City resources IIER Economics
EFI Forestry PROFILE Soil-agriculture
Climate model
data
Earth observation and ground sensors
for land use data
Soil and
geology
PROFILE
Government data eg demographics, employment
Crowd-sourced agent Data – mobility 4G 5G 6G
Resource flows Sankey Diagrams
Integrated Sustainable
Infrastructure
transport
logistics and
waste
management
sewerage, potable
and non-potable
water ene...
Economic Region
Social, Env,
Economic
Targets
Data Processor
Boundaries
Economic Region
Social, Env,
Economic
TargetsPower
Water Treatment
Industry
Mining
Building
cluster
Railway
BIM
IIMProcess...
Governance?
Managed by a social enterprise
Funded from the regional investment fund
Fund management by a community regiona...
Regional
collaborative
intelligence
Urban
Planning
Samartex Apartments, AccraOOA
World Bank / IFC Head office Accra
World Bank Head office, AccraCo-Arc -OOA- Arup
Samartex A...
Transformation of a city economy through replacing
traffic with walking, cycling -Seoul
Investing 1% GDP per year ($40m) in
public transport rather than just building roads
including dedicated walking and cycli...
37
Education
On-line science, engineering, maths,
economics, social science,
politics, humanities
MOOCSline
Gaming
for sch...
Ecology Health
Air Water Soil
Quality
Human Health
well-being nutrition,
life-span, healthcare
costs
Labour- skill, job
av...
4. Innovation in financing of
inclusive, resilient development
The Open-Source, Agent-based Urban-Rural
Resource and Economics Systems Platform Model
Output
Successful
improvement in
energy-water-food
security and quality of
life
“Project
portfolio”
Evidence-
based ‘trust...
42
 Water management strategies including treatment of waste,
capture and recycling, swales and alternative land and floo...
• Energy efficiency retrofit including lighting, appliances, building services,
industrial plant, water management to lowe...
44
 Linking improved sanitation, water supply and energy needs.
Integrated utility systems including renewable energy, an...
45
Urban farming development including rooftops
• Forestry and rural biomass production for energy generation to reduce
dependency on fossil fuel power. Also local biofue...
Waste management to reduce landfill and using all biomass from
urban- rural-forestry for energy and composting. Up-cycling...
- Smart grid regional demonstration project linked to smart appliances,
electric car and vehicle use and renewable energy ...
49
Introduction of consolidation centres and low carbon delivery methods
Consolidation
centres
Direct Deliveries
to Tenant...
5. Demonstration regions
and knowledge sharing
Target Trust Demonstrator Network
CHINA
NDRC
MOHURD
APEC
2 Eco Demo Regions
International Centre
Chongqing University
UK
D...
Knowledge sharing
Capacity building organisations, Universities, Research Institutes will play a
key role in supporting th...
Prototype demonstration - scope
Future Cities Africa
World’s first demonstration of the functionality of the
resilience.io prototype model through a secto...
Questions..
Future Cities Africa - Future proofing to climate, environment and natural resource challenges - Supporting inclusive, res...
Future Cities Africa - Future proofing to climate, environment and natural resource challenges - Supporting inclusive, res...
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Future Cities Africa - Future proofing to climate, environment and natural resource challenges - Supporting inclusive, resilient low carbon development - Peter Head CBE FREng FRSA - March 24th 2015

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Future Cities Africa

Future proofing to climate, environment and natural resource challenges

Supporting inclusive, resilient low carbon development

Peter Head CBE FREng FRSA

March 24th 2015

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Future Cities Africa - Future proofing to climate, environment and natural resource challenges - Supporting inclusive, resilient low carbon development - Peter Head CBE FREng FRSA - March 24th 2015

  1. 1. Future Cities Africa Future proofing to climate, environment and natural resource challenges Supporting inclusive, resilient low carbon development Peter Head CBE FREng FRSA March 24th 2015 @peterheadCBE
  2. 2. __Climate, environment and natural resource challenges Contents Section 1 Section 2 __ Global -Local Action to support inclusive, resilient low carbon development Section 3 __ From observatory to collaboratory __ Innovation in financing of inclusive, resilient development Section 4 Section 5 __ Demonstration regions and knowledge sharing
  3. 3. 1. Climate, environment, natural resource challenges
  4. 4. Our Shrinking Earth population growing at 80m per year 1900 7.91 1950 5.15 1987 2.60 2005 2.02 2030 1.69 2050 1.44 YEAR Hectares of Land Per Capita USA 9.5 UK 5.8 China 2.3 India 1.3
  5. 5. ENTERING THE ECOLOGICAL AGE: Sustainable economic growth through a new paradigm of urban and rural development Accra Human development and ecological footprint
  6. 6. ENTERING THE ECOLOGICAL AGE: Sustainable economic growth through a new paradigm of urban and rural development Low to middle income countries Transition from agricultural to ecological age A new paradigm of urban and rural development with integrated urban-rural resource flows
  7. 7. 2. Global-local action to support inclusive, resilient, low carbon development
  8. 8. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 Promote the mainstreaming of disaster risk assessments into land-use policy development and implementation, including urban planning, land degradation assessments and informal and non-permanent housing, and the use of guidelines and follow-up tools informed by anticipated demographic and environmental changes
  9. 9. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 Promote the mainstreaming of disaster risk assessment, mapping and management into rural development planning and management of mountains, rivers, coastal flood plain areas, drylands, wetlands and all other areas prone to droughts and flooding
  10. 10. ACCRA CITY RESILIENCE 100 RESILIENT CITIES The capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses, and systems within a city to survive, adapt, and grow no matter what kinds of chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience AGING INFRASTRUCTURE DISEASE OUTBREAK FLOODING (COASTAL AND RAINFALL) INFRASTRUCTURE FAILURE LACK OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING POLLUTION OR ENVIRONMENTAL DEGREDATION SOCIAL INEQUITY
  11. 11. ENERGY WATER FOOD RAW MATERIALS ENERGY Resource Efficiency WATER By 2030 world needs 30% more water, 40% more energy & 50% more food
  12. 12. 1. A Regional Approach 2. Gather regional data, develop regional knowledge, embed integrated regional planning, build regional capacity and shared confidence to act 3. Uniting economic, societal and environmental perspectives and shape interventions with a common/credible economic analyses Approach to Sustainable Regions-The Greater Metropolitan Area Greenhouse gases Greenhouse gases Greenhouse gases Solid waste Degraded waters Manufactured goods HINTERLAND Manufactured goods Fuels and Raw materials Water Food Housing
  13. 13. 3. From observatory to collaboratory
  14. 14. Public Sector Geographies Private Sector Research NGO & Philanthropy Silos Sectors TEST The Decision to Create TEST
  15. 15. Earth Simulator Region Simulator www.icesfoundation.orgwww.ecosequestrust.org
  16. 16. OASIS Global ICES ESA Insurance Catastrophic Risk Modelling
  17. 17. Licence Form Region Application name Organisation Partnership agreement Technical support service
  18. 18. In the last twenty years, the world has • Deployed a global, high-bandwidth network • Created a population of over 1 billion Internet users • And another population of some 6 billion mobile telephones • Embedded some billions of sensors in our environment and infrastructure • Invented globally-integrated business processes
  19. 19. Citizen science and smart communities Observatory Collaboratory Citizen sensing Earth observation Awareness Mapping Design capability Collaborative intelligence Action for systems change Investment and insurance Adaptation & risk mitigation Improved quality of life Support for R&D EU- JRC Data Common Framework Agreements and Interoperability Standards Data repository
  20. 20. Data brokering framework linked to Systems Model Engine Observatory Collaboratory
  21. 21. The system of community life
  22. 22. Syn City City resources IIER Economics EFI Forestry PROFILE Soil-agriculture
  23. 23. Climate model data
  24. 24. Earth observation and ground sensors for land use data Soil and geology PROFILE
  25. 25. Government data eg demographics, employment Crowd-sourced agent Data – mobility 4G 5G 6G
  26. 26. Resource flows Sankey Diagrams
  27. 27. Integrated Sustainable Infrastructure transport logistics and waste management sewerage, potable and non-potable water energy agriculture,
  28. 28. Economic Region Social, Env, Economic Targets Data Processor Boundaries
  29. 29. Economic Region Social, Env, Economic TargetsPower Water Treatment Industry Mining Building cluster Railway BIM IIMProcessor Boundaries Agriculture, grassland Forest Data Processor Boundaries Energy Water Mass goods &minerals Agents
  30. 30. Governance? Managed by a social enterprise Funded from the regional investment fund Fund management by a community regional bank Used free by public, private sectors, communities and NGO’s
  31. 31. Regional collaborative intelligence Urban Planning
  32. 32. Samartex Apartments, AccraOOA World Bank / IFC Head office Accra World Bank Head office, AccraCo-Arc -OOA- Arup Samartex Apartments Accra Samartex Apartments, AccraOOA Standards for energy efficient higher quality buildings and training to design and build them Samartex Apartments Accra Samartex Apartments, AccraOOA
  33. 33. Transformation of a city economy through replacing traffic with walking, cycling -Seoul
  34. 34. Investing 1% GDP per year ($40m) in public transport rather than just building roads including dedicated walking and cycling routes
  35. 35. 37 Education On-line science, engineering, maths, economics, social science, politics, humanities MOOCSline Gaming for school children Capacity building and training
  36. 36. Ecology Health Air Water Soil Quality Human Health well-being nutrition, life-span, healthcare costs Labour- skill, job availability, salary, productivity Training & Education- skill and knowledge through learning and education Human agents and their well-being Economy Asset Value Goods High quality Inclusive resilient growth “Green, circular, Knowledge economy”
  37. 37. 4. Innovation in financing of inclusive, resilient development
  38. 38. The Open-Source, Agent-based Urban-Rural Resource and Economics Systems Platform Model
  39. 39. Output Successful improvement in energy-water-food security and quality of life “Project portfolio” Evidence- based ‘trusted’ independent model Urban Development Fund for Projects- ‘Green Growth’ ‘Climate Adaptation’ ‘Social Impact Bonds’ Sources of capital-MNB’s Pension Funds Sovereign Wealth Funds Return Investment Assurance “High quality inclusive resilient growth”
  40. 40. 42  Water management strategies including treatment of waste, capture and recycling, swales and alternative land and flood management. Also development of storage lakes and wetlands. All aimed to create new jobs and improve water quality and health and create leisure areas. .
  41. 41. • Energy efficiency retrofit including lighting, appliances, building services, industrial plant, water management to lower living costs and reduce fuel poverty • New ecological and affordable low carbon, resource efficient housing and commercial mixed use developments which aim to improve urban and rural economy and human health and quality of life. Samartex Apartments, AccraOOA
  42. 42. 44  Linking improved sanitation, water supply and energy needs. Integrated utility systems including renewable energy, anaerobic digestion of biomass (biogas and fertiliser), water treatment and water re-use. Biogas for cooking and energy generation.
  43. 43. 45 Urban farming development including rooftops
  44. 44. • Forestry and rural biomass production for energy generation to reduce dependency on fossil fuel power. Also local biofuel production for new generations of farm and construction machinery. Overall demonstration of carbon sinks in natural ecosystems
  45. 45. Waste management to reduce landfill and using all biomass from urban- rural-forestry for energy and composting. Up-cycling of waste for new products and the eco-fashion industry creating many new jobs, also linked to community-led development
  46. 46. - Smart grid regional demonstration project linked to smart appliances, electric car and vehicle use and renewable energy installations of PV and wind. Industrial symbiosis and remanufacturing and re-use clusters in new industrial parks with integrated utility systems.
  47. 47. 49 Introduction of consolidation centres and low carbon delivery methods Consolidation centres Direct Deliveries to Tenants/ Businesses City Consolidation Centres Drop off Station if Tenant is out Tenants and Businesses Delivery vehicles Inefficient deliveries Efficient deliveries Access control •Low Emission Zone, •Congestion Charge, etc Electric Trucks Electric Bikes
  48. 48. 5. Demonstration regions and knowledge sharing
  49. 49. Target Trust Demonstrator Network CHINA NDRC MOHURD APEC 2 Eco Demo Regions International Centre Chongqing University UK Dorset LEP IFS DFID Cities Alliance Future Cities Africa Accra African Centre for Cities African Urban Research Initiative Mainland Europe Denmark, ICLEI GIZ Climate KIC-IFS Global UNEP UN Habitat UNDP UNSDSN UCCRN Americas Demo regions Rio de Janeiro USA city Mongolia 2 Demo regions UlaanBaatar Gobi Region UN ADB FCO
  50. 50. Knowledge sharing Capacity building organisations, Universities, Research Institutes will play a key role in supporting this research, development and education opportunity locally and in EU and worldwide. Knowledge sharing in demonstration regions and across Africa can be facilitated by Africa Urban Research Initiative (ACC) and globally by UN University /Future Earth.
  51. 51. Prototype demonstration - scope
  52. 52. Future Cities Africa World’s first demonstration of the functionality of the resilience.io prototype model through a sector application in Accra. The outputs highlight relevant resilient solutions and inform policy and/or planning decision-making, investment and links to SDGs. Cities in Africa to become future proofed to climate, environment and natural resource challenges, so that they are inclusive and resilient, and have growing economies. Output 3
  53. 53. Questions..

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