Feeding back to feed forward may 2012


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Presentation by Sherran Clarence at the June 2012 Writing for Pubiication workshop

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Feeding back to feed forward may 2012

  1. 1. Feeding back to feed forward
  2. 2. Internal and external feedback
  3. 3. What are some of the common things writers struggle with?• Low confidence levels – are my ideas good enough?• Lack of direction – where am I going with these ideas?• Staying on track – the literature keeps taking me somewhere else…• Writer’s block – my fingers won’t type/write!• Distractions – let me just check my email/Facebook/Twitter quickly…
  4. 4. All writers need feedback
  5. 5. Why do writers need feedback?• Can help you to clarify your ideas and see where the gaps are• Can help you to understand what you are doing well and where you still need to do some work• Can encourage and motivate you• Can get you to your next steps as a writer, and help fend off long bouts of writer’s block• Can challenge and extend you as a writer
  6. 6. Different goals with feedbackFormative feedback Summative feedback• given throughout the • comes at the end of a piece written piece and speaks of work – usually provides a very closely to the criteria more general comment on against which it has been the quality of the writing written • can be detailed but not• designed to be encouraging usually and informative • normally more general• detailed and descriptive rather than detailed in nature
  7. 7. Feedback or Feedforward?• Good feedback feeds forward (see Lillis 2001; Deyi 2011 among others)• This means it moves the writer beyond what they have written and helps them to the next steps in their process• It provides reasons for what is working and what is not• It looks at purpose and understanding in terms of meeting set criteria, rather than only rules and basic guidance – it talks about why as well as how to, rather than just how to• It gives the writer the space to make informed choices about their writing
  8. 8. What does good feedback do? Promotes Gives Motivates progress clear critique Givesencouragement Provides Enables reasons for reflection what works and what doesn’t
  9. 9. Some practical tips• Put yourself in the role of a critical friend – a reader who can give advice and guidance from that perspective• Read a whole section through before you comment rather than commenting line by line or paragraph by paragraph• Try to find reasons (whys) for what is working and what is not – rather than just saying what works and does not.• Try to give advice that gives the writer choices about where to go with their writing