Andre Tomlin - Using social media to communicate the findings of Cochrane reviews
‘Using social media tocommunicate the findings of Cochrane reviews’ Andre Tomlin MD, Minervation Ltd
Aims• Discuss the accessibility and usability of Cochrane reviews• Consider how to communicate the findings of Cochrane reviews in a more interesting and engaging way• Introduce you to (and offer some top tips for using): – Blogs – Social media
André Tomlin• Information Scientist – NHS (Health Sciences Library, 1994-1998) – University of Oxford (Centre for EBMH, 1998-2002) – Minervation Ltd (Health websites, 2002-present)• Specialist in: – Website development, social media & blogging – Writing health information for patients and professionals – Evidence-based health care – Usability testing & user involvement – Multimedia
Minervation• Oxford University Sample clients: spin-out• Built over 50 major • WHO health websites • NICE• Work in public, • Bupa private and charity • LifeScan sectors • Cancer Research UK• Accessible, usable • Equator Network and reliable health websites
Programme• Exercise 1• Blogging• Exercise 2• Social media• National Elf Service• Conclusions
Questions• Who is on..? – Facebook – LinkedIn – Twitter• Who’s written a blog?• Who knows what a #hashtag is?
Can you helpme keep up todate with thelatest research • Dr Frank Talkerrelating to mepatients? • GP in Bristol • Big proponent of evidence-based practice • Loves the Internet and technology
“Hey Frank, What do you think of evidence-based resources like the Cochrane Library?”
But I just don’t have the time to On one hand,find what I need and read it all. Cochrane isThe reviews are really long and great, becausetechnical. I’d love to get short it’s souser-friendly updates on my systematic andsmartphone, like I can with other reliable.websites.
Exercise 1: Oral health advicefor people with mental illness
This is Jon He hasschizophrenia andproblems with histeeth Many patientsliving in Frank’scatchment area haveoral heath problemslike Jon
Who’s he tryingShe may be to kid! I fixedthe dentist, but those denturesI have the myself last year!cheesiersmile!
I’m delighted! I’ve found a Cochrane review that’s bang on topic!Khokhar WA, Clifton A, Jones H, Tosh G.Oral health advice for people with serious mental illness. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews2011, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD008802. DOI:10.1002/14651858. CD008802.pub2.
What should Ido now? Small group task: • Read the review • Write a short summary on oral health advice for people with severe mental illness • Present your summary in the style of a news report
Oral health advice for people with severe mental illness
Lessons from exercise 1• Cochrane reviews often provide no conclusive answer, but it sometimes takes a few minutes to work this out!• Obviously, users want answers so it’s helpful to provide other relevant evidence to help guide them• This should be done systematically using an appropriate hierarchy, i.e. Guidelines, SRs, RCTs etc.• Here’s what the Mental Elf said: http://www.thementalelf.net/publication-types/systematic-review/oral-health
What’s a blogNoun: A Web site where an individual or group of users record opinions and information on a regular basis.Verb: Add new material to a blog: “I love the smell of blogging in the morning”
What’s a blog • Often a personal viewpoint • Frequently updated • Informal tone • Open to debate • Hooked up to social media
Why bother writing a blog?• It’s fun and easy• Users like it• Search engines like it• It encourages interaction• If you don’t, you may get left behind!
Top tips for blogging• The right topic• Outstanding brand• Clear lay-friendly language• Easy to scan• Use tags• Engage with users• Use social media• Keep it lively and fun
Worth a read• Bad Science• CRUK Science Blog• Science-ish• Trust the Evidence• Evidence-Based Mommy• National Elf Service• The Mental Elf• Plus lots of Cochrane blogs!
Exercise 2: Physical activity to improve balance in older people
My gran loves toskateboard, but she’smaybe not typical Many of Frank’solder patients havebalance problems andsuffer from debilitatingfalls He wants to findout which specificforms of exercise aremost useful
He may be the physio,but I’ve got thestethoscope! Who needs a stethoscope when you have hands like mine!?
Oh great, another Cochrane review!Howe TE, Rochester L, Neil F, Skelton DA,Ballinger C.Exercise for improving balance in older people.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews2011, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD004963. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD004963.pub3.
What should Ido now? Small group task: • Read the review • Write a short summary on physical activity to improve balance in older people • Present your summary in the style of a news report
Lessons from exercise 2• It’s hard to make specific recommendations when reviews include a wide range of interventions• Some reviews have longer abstracts than others!• Here’s what the Lifestyle Elf said: http://www.thelifestyleelf.net/older-people-need-ple
Platforms• Millions of online health and healthcare conversations are happening right now• The 3 main platforms are: Mostly patients A mix of Mostly & care givers professionals, professionals patients & care givers• Social media also includes Google+, MySpace, Ning etc.
Why bother with social media?• Join in the conversation• It will happen with you and without you• It increases: – Awareness of your work – Traffic to your site – Engagement with your audience
• 845m active users• 9% of all online visits• 1 in every 5 online page views happens on Facebook• An average Facebook visit is 23 minutes• Slightly more female users• Average number of friends is 130• Average number of total likes is 80• More than half of people recommend brands they ‘like’
Facebook architecture• Wall – Your personal list of activities• Page – A page about a company, product or topic of interest• Group – A collection of pages, discussions and other media
• 127 million active users• An average Twitter visit is 14 minutes• 54% of people use Twitter on their phone• 36% of Twitter users tweet at least once a day
Twitter architecture• Tweet – A single post <140 characters• Homepage – Your Twitter homepage (like the Facebook wall)• Followers – People who receive your tweets on their homepage• Connect > Interactions – Where you engage with your users• Connect > Mentions – When people mention you (e.g. @andretomlin) in their tweet• Hashtag – Highlighting a topic (e.g. #lovelychap) in their tweet
• 135m registered users• 80% of members from US, India, UK, Brazil, Canada, France, Netherlands, Australia & Spain• Slightly more male users• Slightly older demographic than Facebook & Twitter• “Facebook for business”
Top tips for social media• Establish a presence on all of the relevant platforms• Choose the best platforms to focus your energy• Build your brand and your audience• Follow like-minded people• Plan your posts so they reflect your brand and niche• Be yourself • Don’t be shy!
It’s out of control!• Mobile apps such as Flipboard allow users to create their own interactive magazines, with content from social feeds
National Elf Service• We’ve been helping health professionals keep up to date with the latest evidence since the late-90s• Lot’s of projects, e.g. – National Library for Health (Muir Gray) – NHS Evidence (NICE)• We wanted to create something new that is simple, approachable, highly usable and fun
Users get:• 1 blog each week day• Highlighting a relevant and reliable piece of research, guidance or policy• Written in an accessible and engaging way• Updates that work for them (email, social media, RSS, website etc.)• Opportunities to discuss the evidence
Our elves are:• Leading EBM Experts• Health Professionals• Researchers• Information Scientists
We have 8 elves so far Live: • Dental • Diabetes • Healthy Lifestyle • Learning Disabilities • Mental Health
We have 8 elves so farIn the pipeline:• Commissioning• Skin• Women’s Health
Do you have an elf in you? email@example.com