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House of parliament


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House of parliament

  2. 2.  The Parliament of the United Kingdom of great Britain and Northern Ireland is the highest legislative body in the United Kingdom and the Royal overseas territories. It is not headed by the British monarch, but he is part of it. The bicameral Parliament, includes the upper house, called the House of lords, and the lower house called the House of Commons. The house of lords is not selected, it includes the lords spiritual (the higher clergy of the Church of England), lords secular (peers) and lords of appeal , many of which inherit his power. The house of Commons, on the contrary, a democratically elected chamber. The house of lords and House of Commons are going in different areas of the Palace of Westminster in London. By tradition, all the Ministers, including the Prime Minister, are selected exclusively from Parliament.
  3. 3.  The Parliament evolved from the ancient Royal Council. In theory, the power comes not from the Parliament, but «the Queen-in-Parliament» it is Often said that only the Queen-in-Parliament is the Supreme authority, although it is quite a controversial topic. Currently, the power comes from the democratically elected House of Commons; the society considers that the Monarch acting as a representative figure, and the power of the house of lords is significantly limited.
  5. 5.  In the middle ages in the British Isles there were three Kingdom: England, Scotland and Ireland, each with its own Parliament. According to the Act of Union 1707, England and Scotland were United under the control of the British Parliament, and the Act of Union 1800 included representatives of Ireland in the United Kingdom Parliament.
  6. 6.  The Parliament, the British stronghold democracy with a clock tower, which is a 13-ton bell big Ben in this beautiful Gothic building is the throne of the Queen and the place the Lord Chancellor, who is Chairman of the house of Lords.
  7. 7.  The Westminster Palace was almost totally destroyed by fire, but in 1840 year rebuilt. The only part of the old Palace, intact up to our days - Westminster hall. Now the Palace is called the House of Parliament and placed in it the House of Lords and House of Commons of the British Parliament.
  8. 8.  The house of Commons is the center of parliamentary power. The members of the chamber is responsible before the people elected them and in the 20th century, the House of Lords recognised the supremacy of the elected chamber.
  9. 9. THE ROLE OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS  The house of Commons is usually called by the lower house of Parliament, but this is just the place for major political battles. As the House of Lords, the House of Commons and discusses changes, new laws in the process of their adoption. The chamber also considers and criticizes the government's work, where she holds talks with Ministers and explores the political and public life through the system of elected committees. As the lower chamber is created on the basis of the elections, the party that won the majority of seats, forms a new government.
  10. 10. HOUSE OF LORDS  The house of Lords - the upper chamber of the British Parliament. Members of the house of Lords (the peers) consist of the higher ranks of the Church, Supreme court judges and conventional peers. Members of the house of Lords is not chosen. Originally, they were chosen from the most influential and powerful nobles of the Kingdom; many members of the upper house received this place inherited, but with the release of a law allowing the Queen to assign life panstwo, has significantly increased the number of people belonging to the Lords for life.
  11. 11. THE ROLE OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS  In General, the role of the house of Lords akin to that of the House of Commons, with some important exceptions: members of the upper chamber does not represent the electorate and they do not discuss and make decisions about taxation and financing. In fact, their role is reduced to the finalization and approval of the relevant laws and regulations developed in the lower house.
  12. 12. SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS  Speaker of the House of Commons is an integral and, perhaps, the Central part of the house. This is the official leader of the lower house of Parliament, which controls and directs the daily work of its 22 members.
  13. 13.  The speaker is of the House of Commons outside Parliament during negotiations with the House of Lords and members of the government and the Royal Court.  Speaker maintains order in the ass meetings and causes of the chamber members who wish to speak. It's also designed to protect the interests of minority parties in the house and to keep balance when calling wanting to speak.
  14. 14. FORMAL WEAR  The ordinary sessions of the chamber speaker wears a black suit, and on top of black silk gown. Acting speaker decided not to wear a wig, used by its predecessors. On special occasions (such as the state opening of Parliament, the speaker wears a luxury black silk gown with white lace jabot and white, again lace cuffs.
  16. 16. THE END