The Parliament of the United Kingdom of great Britain and
Northern Ireland is the highest legislative body in the United
Kingdom and the Royal overseas territories. It is not headed
by the British monarch, but he is part of it. The bicameral
Parliament, includes the upper house, called the House of
lords, and the lower house called the House of Commons. The
house of lords is not selected, it includes the lords spiritual (the
higher clergy of the Church of England), lords secular (peers)
and lords of appeal , many of which inherit his power. The
house of Commons, on the contrary, a democratically elected
chamber. The house of lords and House of Commons are
going in different areas of the Palace of Westminster in
London. By tradition, all the Ministers, including the Prime
Minister, are selected exclusively from Parliament.
The Parliament evolved from the ancient Royal
Council. In theory, the power comes not from the
Parliament, but «the Queen-in-Parliament» it is
Often said that only the Queen-in-Parliament is the
Supreme authority, although it is quite a
controversial topic. Currently, the power comes
from the democratically elected House of
Commons; the society considers that the Monarch
acting as a representative figure, and the power of
the house of lords is significantly limited.
PARLIAMENT OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF
GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND
In the middle ages in the British Isles there
were three Kingdom: England, Scotland and
Ireland, each with its own Parliament.
According to the Act of Union 1707, England
and Scotland were United under the control
of the British Parliament, and the Act of
Union 1800 included representatives of
Ireland in the United Kingdom Parliament.
The Parliament, the British stronghold
democracy with a clock tower, which is
a 13-ton bell big Ben in this beautiful
Gothic building is the throne of the
Queen and the place the Lord
Chancellor, who is Chairman of the
house of Lords.
The Westminster Palace was almost totally
destroyed by fire, but in 1840 year rebuilt.
The only part of the old Palace, intact up to
our days - Westminster hall. Now the Palace
is called the House of Parliament and placed
in it the House of Lords and House of
Commons of the British Parliament.
The house of Commons is the center of
parliamentary power. The members of
the chamber is responsible before the
people elected them and in the 20th
century, the House of Lords recognised
the supremacy of the elected chamber.
THE ROLE OF THE HOUSE OF
The house of Commons is usually called by the lower
house of Parliament, but this is just the place for major
political battles. As the House of Lords, the House of
Commons and discusses changes, new laws in the
process of their adoption. The chamber also considers
and criticizes the government's work, where she holds
talks with Ministers and explores the political and public
life through the system of elected committees. As the
lower chamber is created on the basis of the elections,
the party that won the majority of seats, forms a new
HOUSE OF LORDS
The house of Lords - the upper chamber of the British
Parliament. Members of the house of Lords (the peers)
consist of the higher ranks of the Church, Supreme court
judges and conventional peers. Members of the house of
Lords is not chosen. Originally, they were chosen from the
most influential and powerful nobles of the Kingdom; many
members of the upper house received this place inherited,
but with the release of a law allowing the Queen to assign life
panstwo, has significantly increased the number of people
belonging to the Lords for life.
THE ROLE OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS
In General, the role of the house of Lords akin to
that of the House of Commons, with some
important exceptions: members of the upper
chamber does not represent the electorate and
they do not discuss and make decisions about
taxation and financing. In fact, their role is reduced
to the finalization and approval of the relevant laws
and regulations developed in the lower house.
SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS
Speaker of the House of Commons is an
integral and, perhaps, the Central part of the
house. This is the official leader of the lower
house of Parliament, which controls and directs
the daily work of its 22 members.
The speaker is of the House of Commons outside Parliament
during negotiations with the House of Lords and members of
the government and the Royal Court.
Speaker maintains order in the ass meetings and causes of
the chamber members who wish to speak. It's also designed
to protect the interests of minority parties in the house and to
keep balance when calling wanting to speak.
The ordinary sessions of the chamber speaker
wears a black suit, and on top of black silk gown.
Acting speaker decided not to wear a wig, used by
its predecessors. On special occasions (such as
the state opening of Parliament, the speaker wears
a luxury black silk gown with white lace jabot and
white, again lace cuffs.