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II
118TH CONGRESS
1ST SESSION
S. 804
To provide for security in the Black Sea region, and for other purposes.
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
MARCH 15, 2023
Mrs. SHAHEEN (for herself, Mr. ROMNEY, Mr. TILLIS, Mr. DURBIN, Mr.
WICKER, Mr. CARDIN, Mr. KING, Ms. KLOBUCHAR, and Mr. CORNYN)
introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the
Committee on Foreign Relations
A BILL
To provide for security in the Black Sea region, and for
other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-
1
tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
2
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
3
This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Black Sea Security
4
Act of 2023’’.
5
SEC. 2. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON BLACK SEA SECURITY.
6
(a) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Con-
7
gress that—
8
(1) it is in the interest of the United States to
9
support efforts to prevent the spread of further
10
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armed conflict in Europe by recognizing the Black
1
Sea region as an arena of Russian aggression;
2
(2) littoral states of the Black Sea are critical
3
in countering aggression by the Government of the
4
Russian Federation and contributing to the collec-
5
tive security of NATO;
6
(3) the repeated, illegal, unprovoked, and vio-
7
lent attempts of the Russian Federation to expand
8
its territory and control access to the Mediterranean
9
Sea through the Black Sea constitutes a threat to
10
the national security of the United States and
11
NATO;
12
(4) the United States condemns attempts by
13
the Russian Federation to change or alter bound-
14
aries in the Black Sea region by force or any means
15
contrary to international law and to impose a sphere
16
of influence across the region;
17
(5) the United States and its allies should
18
robustly counter Russia’s illegitimate territorial
19
claims on the Crimean Peninsula, along Ukraine’s
20
territorial waters in the Black Sea and the Sea of
21
Azov, in the Black Sea’s international waters, and in
22
the territories it is illegally occupying in Ukraine;
23
(6) the United States should continue to work
24
within NATO and with NATO Allies to develop a
25
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long-term strategy to enhance security, establish a
1
permanent, sustainable presence along NATO’s east-
2
ern flank, and bolster the democratic resilience of its
3
allies and partners in the region;
4
(7) the United States should work within
5
NATO and with NATO Allies to develop a regular,
6
rotational maritime presence in the Black Sea;
7
(8) the United States should also work with the
8
European Union on coordinating a strategy to sup-
9
port democratic initiatives and economic prosperity
10
in the region, which includes two European Union
11
members and four European Union aspirant nations;
12
(9) Turkey’s behavior towards some regional al-
13
lies and democratic states has been counter-
14
productive and has contributed to increased tensions
15
in the region, and Turkey should avoid any actions
16
to further escalate regional tensions;
17
(10) the United States should work to foster
18
dialogue among countries within the Black Sea re-
19
gion to improve communication and intelligence
20
sharing and increase cyber defense capabilities;
21
(11) countries with historic and economic ties
22
to Russia are looking to the United States and Eu-
23
rope to provide a positive economic presence in the
24
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broader region as a counterbalance to the Russian
1
Federation’s malign influence in the region;
2
(12) it is in the interest of the United States
3
to support and bolster the economic ties between the
4
United States and Black Sea states;
5
(13) the United States should support the ini-
6
tiative undertaken by central and eastern European
7
states to advance the Three Seas Initiative Fund to
8
strengthen transport, energy, and digital infrastruc-
9
ture connectivity in the region between the Adriatic
10
Sea, Baltic Sea, and Black Sea;
11
(14) there are mutually beneficial opportunities
12
for increased investment and economic expansion,
13
particularly on energy, climate, and transport infra-
14
structure initiatives, between the United States and
15
Black Sea states and the broader region;
16
(15) improved economic ties between the United
17
States and the Black Sea states and the broader re-
18
gion can lead to a strengthened strategic partner-
19
ship;
20
(16) the United States must seek to address
21
the food security challenges arising from disruption
22
of Ukraine’s Black Sea and Azov Sea ports, as this
23
global challenge will have critical national security
24
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implications for the United States, our partners, and
1
allies;
2
(17) Turkey, in coordination with the United
3
Nations, has played an important role in alleviating
4
global food insecurity by negotiating two agreements
5
to allow grain exports from Ukrainian ports through
6
a safe corridor in the Black Sea;
7
(18) Russia has a brutal history of using hun-
8
ger as a weapon and must be stopped;
9
(19) countering the PRC’s coercive economic
10
pursuits remains an important policy imperative in
11
order to further integrate the Black Sea states into
12
western economies and improve regional stability;
13
and
14
(20) Turkey’s continued delay in ratifying Swe-
15
den and Finland’s accession to NATO undermines
16
the strength of the alliance and inhibits the united
17
international response to Russia’s unprovoked war in
18
Ukraine.
19
SEC. 3. UNITED STATES POLICY.
20
It is the policy of the United States to—
21
(1) actively deter the threat of Russia’s further
22
escalation in the Black Sea region and defend free-
23
dom of navigation in the Black Sea to prevent the
24
spread of further armed conflict in Europe;
25
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(2) advocate within NATO, among NATO Al-
1
lies, and within the European Union to develop a
2
long-term coordinated strategy to enhance security,
3
establish a permanent, sustainable presence in the
4
eastern flank, and bolster the democratic resilience
5
of United States allies and partners in the region;
6
(3) advocate within NATO and among NATO
7
Allies to develop a regular, rotational maritime pres-
8
ence in the Black Sea;
9
(4) support and bolster the economic ties be-
10
tween the United States and Black Sea partners and
11
mobilize the Department of State, the Department
12
of Defense, and other relevant Federal departments
13
and agencies by enhancing the United States pres-
14
ence and investment in Black Sea states;
15
(5) provide economic alternatives to the PRC’s
16
coercive economic options that destabilize and fur-
17
ther erode economic integration of the Black Sea
18
states;
19
(6) ensure that the United States continues to
20
support Black Sea states’ efforts to strengthen their
21
democratic institutions to prevent corruption and ac-
22
celerate their advancement into the Euroatlantic
23
community; and
24
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(7) encourage the initiative undertaken by cen-
1
tral and eastern European states to advance the
2
Three Seas Initiative to strengthen transport, en-
3
ergy, and digital infrastructure connectivity in the
4
region between the Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, and
5
Black Sea.
6
SEC. 4. BLACK SEA SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT STRAT-
7
EGY.
8
(a) BLACK SEA SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT
9
STRATEGY.—Not later than 180 days after the date of
10
the enactment of this Act, the National Security Council,
11
in coordination with the Department of State, the Depart-
12
ment of Defense, and other relevant Federal departments
13
and agencies, is authorized to direct an interagency strat-
14
egy to increase coordination with NATO and the Euro-
15
pean Union, deepen economic ties, strengthen energy secu-
16
rity, support efforts to bolster their democratic resilience,
17
and enhance security assistance with our regional partners
18
in accordance with the values and interests of the United
19
States.
20
(b) PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES.—The initiative es-
21
tablished under subsection (a) shall have the following
22
goals and objectives:
23
(1) Ensuring the efficient and effective delivery
24
of security assistance to regional partners in accord-
25
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ance with the values and interests of the United
1
States, prioritizing assistance that will bolster de-
2
fenses against hybrid warfare and improve interoper-
3
ability with NATO forces.
4
(2) Bolstering United States support for the re-
5
gion’s energy security and integration with Europe
6
and reducing their dependence on Russia while sup-
7
porting energy diversification.
8
(3) Mitigating the impact of economic coercion
9
by the Russian Federation and the PRC on Black
10
Sea states and identifying new opportunities for for-
11
eign direct investment from the United States and
12
cooperating countries and the enhancement of
13
United States business ties with regional partners in
14
accordance with the values and interests of the
15
United States.
16
(4) Increasing high-level engagement between
17
the United States and regional partners, and rein-
18
forcing economic growth, financing quality infra-
19
structure, and reinforcing trade with a focus on im-
20
proving high-level economic cooperation.
21
(5) Increasing United States coordination with
22
the European Union and NATO to maximize effec-
23
tiveness and minimize duplication.
24
(c) ACTIVITIES.—
25
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(1) SECURITY.—The strategy established under
1
subsection (a) should include the following elements
2
related to security:
3
(A) A plan to increase interagency coordi-
4
nation on the Black Sea region.
5
(B) An assessment of whether a United
6
States-led initiative with NATO allies to in-
7
crease coordination, presence, and regional en-
8
gagement among Black Sea states is advisable.
9
(C) A strategy to increase security assist-
10
ance toward Black Sea states, focused on
11
Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, and
12
Georgia.
13
(D) Prioritization of intelligence, surveil-
14
lance, and reconnaissance systems to monitor
15
Russia’s operations in the Black Sea region.
16
(E) An assessment of the value of estab-
17
lishing a joint, multinational three-star head-
18
quarters on the Black Sea, responsible for plan-
19
ning, readiness, exercises, and coordination of
20
all Allied and partner military activity in the
21
greater Black Sea region.
22
(F) An assessment of the challenges and
23
opportunities of establishing a regular, rota-
24
tional NATO maritime presence in the Black
25
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Sea, including an analysis of the capacity, capa-
1
bilities, and commitment of NATO members to
2
create this type of mission.
3
(G) An overview of Foreign Military Fi-
4
nancing, International Military Education and
5
Training, and other United States security as-
6
sistance to the region.
7
(H) A plan for communicating the changes
8
to NATO posture to the public in allied and
9
partner countries, as well as to publics in the
10
Russian Federation and Belarus.
11
(I) A plan for combating Russian
12
disinformation and propaganda in the Black
13
Sea region, utilizing the resources of the United
14
States Government, including the Global En-
15
gagement Center.
16
(J) A plan to promote greater freedom of
17
navigation to allow for greater security and eco-
18
nomic Black Sea access.
19
(2) ECONOMIC PROSPERITY.—The strategy es-
20
tablished under subsection (a) shall include the fol-
21
lowing elements related to economic prosperity:
22
(A) A strategy to foster dialogue between
23
experts from the United States and from the
24
Black Sea states on economic expansion, for-
25
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eign direct investment, strengthening rule of
1
law initiatives, and mitigating economic coer-
2
cion by Russia and the PRC.
3
(B) A strategy for all the relevant Federal
4
departments and agencies that contribute to
5
United States economic statecraft to expand
6
their presence and identify new opportunities
7
for private investment with regional partners in
8
accordance with the values and interests of the
9
United States.
10
(C) Assessments on energy diversification,
11
focusing on the immediate need to replace en-
12
ergy supplies from Russia, and recognizing the
13
long-term importance of broader energy diver-
14
sification, including clean energy initiatives.
15
(D) Assessments of potential food security
16
solutions, including sustainable, long-term ar-
17
rangements beyond the Black Sea Grain Initia-
18
tive.
19
(3) DEMOCRATIC RESILIENCE.—The strategy
20
established under subsection (a) shall include the
21
following elements related to democratic resilience:
22
(A) A strategy to increase independent
23
media and United States-supported media ini-
24
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tiatives to combat foreign malign influence in
1
the Black Sea region.
2
(B) Greater mobilization of initiatives
3
spearheaded by the Global Engagement Center
4
and the United States Agency for International
5
Development to counter Russian propaganda
6
and disinformation in the Black Sea region.
7
(4) REGIONAL CONNECTIVITY.—The strategy
8
established under subsection (a) shall promote re-
9
gional connectivity by sending high-level representa-
10
tives of the Department of State or other agency
11
partners to—
12
(A) the Black Sea region not less fre-
13
quently than twice a year; and
14
(B) major regional fora on infrastructure
15
and energy security, including the Three Seas
16
Initiative Summit.
17
(d) IDENTIFICATION OF NECESSARY PROGRAMS AND
18
RESOURCES.—Not later than 360 days after the date of
19
the enactment of this Act, the interagency shall identify
20
any necessary program, policy, or budgetary resources re-
21
quired, by agency, to support implementation of the Black
22
Sea Security Strategy for fiscal years 2024, 2025, and
23
2026.
24
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(e) RESPONSIBILITIES OF FEDERAL DEPARTMENTS
1
AND AGENCIES.—Nothing under this section shall be
2
deemed to authorize the National Security Council to as-
3
sume any of the responsibilities or authorities of the head
4
of any Federal department, agency, or office, including the
5
foreign affairs responsibilities and authorities of the Sec-
6
retary of State, to oversee the implementation of programs
7
and policies under this section.
8
SEC. 5. DEFINITIONS.
9
In this Act:
10
(1) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMIT-
11
TEES.—The term ‘‘appropriate congressional com-
12
mittees’’ means—
13
(A) the Committee on Foreign Relations,
14
the Committee on Armed Services, and the
15
Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
16
and
17
(B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the
18
Committee on Armed Services, and the Com-
19
mittee on Appropriations of the House of Rep-
20
resentatives.
21
(2) BLACK SEA STATES.—The term ‘‘Black Sea
22
states’’ means Turkey, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova,
23
Ukraine, and Georgia.
24
Æ
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BILLS-118s804is.pdf

  • 1. II 118TH CONGRESS 1ST SESSION S. 804 To provide for security in the Black Sea region, and for other purposes. IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES MARCH 15, 2023 Mrs. SHAHEEN (for herself, Mr. ROMNEY, Mr. TILLIS, Mr. DURBIN, Mr. WICKER, Mr. CARDIN, Mr. KING, Ms. KLOBUCHAR, and Mr. CORNYN) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations A BILL To provide for security in the Black Sea region, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 1 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 2 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. 3 This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Black Sea Security 4 Act of 2023’’. 5 SEC. 2. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON BLACK SEA SECURITY. 6 (a) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Con- 7 gress that— 8 (1) it is in the interest of the United States to 9 support efforts to prevent the spread of further 10 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 2. 2 •S 804 IS armed conflict in Europe by recognizing the Black 1 Sea region as an arena of Russian aggression; 2 (2) littoral states of the Black Sea are critical 3 in countering aggression by the Government of the 4 Russian Federation and contributing to the collec- 5 tive security of NATO; 6 (3) the repeated, illegal, unprovoked, and vio- 7 lent attempts of the Russian Federation to expand 8 its territory and control access to the Mediterranean 9 Sea through the Black Sea constitutes a threat to 10 the national security of the United States and 11 NATO; 12 (4) the United States condemns attempts by 13 the Russian Federation to change or alter bound- 14 aries in the Black Sea region by force or any means 15 contrary to international law and to impose a sphere 16 of influence across the region; 17 (5) the United States and its allies should 18 robustly counter Russia’s illegitimate territorial 19 claims on the Crimean Peninsula, along Ukraine’s 20 territorial waters in the Black Sea and the Sea of 21 Azov, in the Black Sea’s international waters, and in 22 the territories it is illegally occupying in Ukraine; 23 (6) the United States should continue to work 24 within NATO and with NATO Allies to develop a 25 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 3. 3 •S 804 IS long-term strategy to enhance security, establish a 1 permanent, sustainable presence along NATO’s east- 2 ern flank, and bolster the democratic resilience of its 3 allies and partners in the region; 4 (7) the United States should work within 5 NATO and with NATO Allies to develop a regular, 6 rotational maritime presence in the Black Sea; 7 (8) the United States should also work with the 8 European Union on coordinating a strategy to sup- 9 port democratic initiatives and economic prosperity 10 in the region, which includes two European Union 11 members and four European Union aspirant nations; 12 (9) Turkey’s behavior towards some regional al- 13 lies and democratic states has been counter- 14 productive and has contributed to increased tensions 15 in the region, and Turkey should avoid any actions 16 to further escalate regional tensions; 17 (10) the United States should work to foster 18 dialogue among countries within the Black Sea re- 19 gion to improve communication and intelligence 20 sharing and increase cyber defense capabilities; 21 (11) countries with historic and economic ties 22 to Russia are looking to the United States and Eu- 23 rope to provide a positive economic presence in the 24 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 4. 4 •S 804 IS broader region as a counterbalance to the Russian 1 Federation’s malign influence in the region; 2 (12) it is in the interest of the United States 3 to support and bolster the economic ties between the 4 United States and Black Sea states; 5 (13) the United States should support the ini- 6 tiative undertaken by central and eastern European 7 states to advance the Three Seas Initiative Fund to 8 strengthen transport, energy, and digital infrastruc- 9 ture connectivity in the region between the Adriatic 10 Sea, Baltic Sea, and Black Sea; 11 (14) there are mutually beneficial opportunities 12 for increased investment and economic expansion, 13 particularly on energy, climate, and transport infra- 14 structure initiatives, between the United States and 15 Black Sea states and the broader region; 16 (15) improved economic ties between the United 17 States and the Black Sea states and the broader re- 18 gion can lead to a strengthened strategic partner- 19 ship; 20 (16) the United States must seek to address 21 the food security challenges arising from disruption 22 of Ukraine’s Black Sea and Azov Sea ports, as this 23 global challenge will have critical national security 24 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 5. 5 •S 804 IS implications for the United States, our partners, and 1 allies; 2 (17) Turkey, in coordination with the United 3 Nations, has played an important role in alleviating 4 global food insecurity by negotiating two agreements 5 to allow grain exports from Ukrainian ports through 6 a safe corridor in the Black Sea; 7 (18) Russia has a brutal history of using hun- 8 ger as a weapon and must be stopped; 9 (19) countering the PRC’s coercive economic 10 pursuits remains an important policy imperative in 11 order to further integrate the Black Sea states into 12 western economies and improve regional stability; 13 and 14 (20) Turkey’s continued delay in ratifying Swe- 15 den and Finland’s accession to NATO undermines 16 the strength of the alliance and inhibits the united 17 international response to Russia’s unprovoked war in 18 Ukraine. 19 SEC. 3. UNITED STATES POLICY. 20 It is the policy of the United States to— 21 (1) actively deter the threat of Russia’s further 22 escalation in the Black Sea region and defend free- 23 dom of navigation in the Black Sea to prevent the 24 spread of further armed conflict in Europe; 25 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 6. 6 •S 804 IS (2) advocate within NATO, among NATO Al- 1 lies, and within the European Union to develop a 2 long-term coordinated strategy to enhance security, 3 establish a permanent, sustainable presence in the 4 eastern flank, and bolster the democratic resilience 5 of United States allies and partners in the region; 6 (3) advocate within NATO and among NATO 7 Allies to develop a regular, rotational maritime pres- 8 ence in the Black Sea; 9 (4) support and bolster the economic ties be- 10 tween the United States and Black Sea partners and 11 mobilize the Department of State, the Department 12 of Defense, and other relevant Federal departments 13 and agencies by enhancing the United States pres- 14 ence and investment in Black Sea states; 15 (5) provide economic alternatives to the PRC’s 16 coercive economic options that destabilize and fur- 17 ther erode economic integration of the Black Sea 18 states; 19 (6) ensure that the United States continues to 20 support Black Sea states’ efforts to strengthen their 21 democratic institutions to prevent corruption and ac- 22 celerate their advancement into the Euroatlantic 23 community; and 24 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 7. 7 •S 804 IS (7) encourage the initiative undertaken by cen- 1 tral and eastern European states to advance the 2 Three Seas Initiative to strengthen transport, en- 3 ergy, and digital infrastructure connectivity in the 4 region between the Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, and 5 Black Sea. 6 SEC. 4. BLACK SEA SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT STRAT- 7 EGY. 8 (a) BLACK SEA SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT 9 STRATEGY.—Not later than 180 days after the date of 10 the enactment of this Act, the National Security Council, 11 in coordination with the Department of State, the Depart- 12 ment of Defense, and other relevant Federal departments 13 and agencies, is authorized to direct an interagency strat- 14 egy to increase coordination with NATO and the Euro- 15 pean Union, deepen economic ties, strengthen energy secu- 16 rity, support efforts to bolster their democratic resilience, 17 and enhance security assistance with our regional partners 18 in accordance with the values and interests of the United 19 States. 20 (b) PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES.—The initiative es- 21 tablished under subsection (a) shall have the following 22 goals and objectives: 23 (1) Ensuring the efficient and effective delivery 24 of security assistance to regional partners in accord- 25 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 8. 8 •S 804 IS ance with the values and interests of the United 1 States, prioritizing assistance that will bolster de- 2 fenses against hybrid warfare and improve interoper- 3 ability with NATO forces. 4 (2) Bolstering United States support for the re- 5 gion’s energy security and integration with Europe 6 and reducing their dependence on Russia while sup- 7 porting energy diversification. 8 (3) Mitigating the impact of economic coercion 9 by the Russian Federation and the PRC on Black 10 Sea states and identifying new opportunities for for- 11 eign direct investment from the United States and 12 cooperating countries and the enhancement of 13 United States business ties with regional partners in 14 accordance with the values and interests of the 15 United States. 16 (4) Increasing high-level engagement between 17 the United States and regional partners, and rein- 18 forcing economic growth, financing quality infra- 19 structure, and reinforcing trade with a focus on im- 20 proving high-level economic cooperation. 21 (5) Increasing United States coordination with 22 the European Union and NATO to maximize effec- 23 tiveness and minimize duplication. 24 (c) ACTIVITIES.— 25 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 9. 9 •S 804 IS (1) SECURITY.—The strategy established under 1 subsection (a) should include the following elements 2 related to security: 3 (A) A plan to increase interagency coordi- 4 nation on the Black Sea region. 5 (B) An assessment of whether a United 6 States-led initiative with NATO allies to in- 7 crease coordination, presence, and regional en- 8 gagement among Black Sea states is advisable. 9 (C) A strategy to increase security assist- 10 ance toward Black Sea states, focused on 11 Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, and 12 Georgia. 13 (D) Prioritization of intelligence, surveil- 14 lance, and reconnaissance systems to monitor 15 Russia’s operations in the Black Sea region. 16 (E) An assessment of the value of estab- 17 lishing a joint, multinational three-star head- 18 quarters on the Black Sea, responsible for plan- 19 ning, readiness, exercises, and coordination of 20 all Allied and partner military activity in the 21 greater Black Sea region. 22 (F) An assessment of the challenges and 23 opportunities of establishing a regular, rota- 24 tional NATO maritime presence in the Black 25 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 10. 10 •S 804 IS Sea, including an analysis of the capacity, capa- 1 bilities, and commitment of NATO members to 2 create this type of mission. 3 (G) An overview of Foreign Military Fi- 4 nancing, International Military Education and 5 Training, and other United States security as- 6 sistance to the region. 7 (H) A plan for communicating the changes 8 to NATO posture to the public in allied and 9 partner countries, as well as to publics in the 10 Russian Federation and Belarus. 11 (I) A plan for combating Russian 12 disinformation and propaganda in the Black 13 Sea region, utilizing the resources of the United 14 States Government, including the Global En- 15 gagement Center. 16 (J) A plan to promote greater freedom of 17 navigation to allow for greater security and eco- 18 nomic Black Sea access. 19 (2) ECONOMIC PROSPERITY.—The strategy es- 20 tablished under subsection (a) shall include the fol- 21 lowing elements related to economic prosperity: 22 (A) A strategy to foster dialogue between 23 experts from the United States and from the 24 Black Sea states on economic expansion, for- 25 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 11. 11 •S 804 IS eign direct investment, strengthening rule of 1 law initiatives, and mitigating economic coer- 2 cion by Russia and the PRC. 3 (B) A strategy for all the relevant Federal 4 departments and agencies that contribute to 5 United States economic statecraft to expand 6 their presence and identify new opportunities 7 for private investment with regional partners in 8 accordance with the values and interests of the 9 United States. 10 (C) Assessments on energy diversification, 11 focusing on the immediate need to replace en- 12 ergy supplies from Russia, and recognizing the 13 long-term importance of broader energy diver- 14 sification, including clean energy initiatives. 15 (D) Assessments of potential food security 16 solutions, including sustainable, long-term ar- 17 rangements beyond the Black Sea Grain Initia- 18 tive. 19 (3) DEMOCRATIC RESILIENCE.—The strategy 20 established under subsection (a) shall include the 21 following elements related to democratic resilience: 22 (A) A strategy to increase independent 23 media and United States-supported media ini- 24 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 12. 12 •S 804 IS tiatives to combat foreign malign influence in 1 the Black Sea region. 2 (B) Greater mobilization of initiatives 3 spearheaded by the Global Engagement Center 4 and the United States Agency for International 5 Development to counter Russian propaganda 6 and disinformation in the Black Sea region. 7 (4) REGIONAL CONNECTIVITY.—The strategy 8 established under subsection (a) shall promote re- 9 gional connectivity by sending high-level representa- 10 tives of the Department of State or other agency 11 partners to— 12 (A) the Black Sea region not less fre- 13 quently than twice a year; and 14 (B) major regional fora on infrastructure 15 and energy security, including the Three Seas 16 Initiative Summit. 17 (d) IDENTIFICATION OF NECESSARY PROGRAMS AND 18 RESOURCES.—Not later than 360 days after the date of 19 the enactment of this Act, the interagency shall identify 20 any necessary program, policy, or budgetary resources re- 21 quired, by agency, to support implementation of the Black 22 Sea Security Strategy for fiscal years 2024, 2025, and 23 2026. 24 VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS
  • 13. 13 •S 804 IS (e) RESPONSIBILITIES OF FEDERAL DEPARTMENTS 1 AND AGENCIES.—Nothing under this section shall be 2 deemed to authorize the National Security Council to as- 3 sume any of the responsibilities or authorities of the head 4 of any Federal department, agency, or office, including the 5 foreign affairs responsibilities and authorities of the Sec- 6 retary of State, to oversee the implementation of programs 7 and policies under this section. 8 SEC. 5. DEFINITIONS. 9 In this Act: 10 (1) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMIT- 11 TEES.—The term ‘‘appropriate congressional com- 12 mittees’’ means— 13 (A) the Committee on Foreign Relations, 14 the Committee on Armed Services, and the 15 Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; 16 and 17 (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the 18 Committee on Armed Services, and the Com- 19 mittee on Appropriations of the House of Rep- 20 resentatives. 21 (2) BLACK SEA STATES.—The term ‘‘Black Sea 22 states’’ means Turkey, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, 23 Ukraine, and Georgia. 24 Æ VerDate Sep 11 2014 04:03 Mar 23, 2023 Jkt 039200 PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6301 E:BILLSS804.IS S804 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS