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Sop 7 (1)


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Sop 7 (1)

  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONE-WASTE Waste electrical and electronic equipment Improperly disposed electronics Includes electronic products such as computers, computer peripherals,televisions,VCRs,DVD,Players,stereo equipment, hand cell phones etc. E-waste contains harmful toxic substancesImport of e-waste developed countries to developing countries
  3. 3. E-WASTE INDIAN SCENARIOE- waste market is unorganizedMunicipal wasteUnskilled workers, absence of adequate technology, improper handlingMore focused on profitNo mechanism to check the flow of E- waste0.1-0.2% municipal wasteBusiness accounts for 78%800000 tone E- waste is generated in 2012Sale of computer & laptop has been grown 18% in 09-10Self organizedReasons for E- waste generation
  4. 4. E-WASTE MANAGEMENTRecyclingProcessing techniquesBenefits of recycling
  5. 5. RECYCLINGKey components of modern waste reductionThird component of the “reduce,reuse,recycle” waste hierarchyISO standards relating to recycling; ISO 15270:2008 - Plastic waste ISO 14001:2004 - environmental management control of recycling practiceRecycling consumer waste • Collection • Drop-off centers • Buy-back centers • Curbside collection • Sorting
  6. 6. BENEFITS OF RECYCLINGEffective solution to the growing e-wasteproblem Reduces the amount of green gas emission Pollution caused by hazardous disposal isavoided
  7. 7. PROCESSING TECHNIQUEDISMANTLING • To disassemble or to tear downREUSE • Use an item more than once
  8. 8. HOW E-WASTE AFFECTS OUR ENVIRONMENT? It has become a uncontrollable issue Contaminated leachates pollute the ground water Uncontrolled burning and disposal are environment problems Causes acidification of soil Not only leaching of the mercury poses serious problems
  9. 9. HAZARDOUS ELEMENTS IN E WASTESulphurLeadBerylliumLeadBariumCadmiumMercury
  10. 10. HOW E-WASTE AFFECTS OUR HEALTHSeveral health issues associated with the toxins found in the e wasteDamages kidney & liverCause retardation, high blood pressureDisrupts endocrine system functionsCause eye and throat irritation
  11. 11. LAWS AND RULES BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIAE-waste (management & handling) rules 2011 These shall apply to: • Producer, consumer or bulk consumers involved in the manufacture • Sale, purchase and processing of electrical and electronic equipment • Collection centers, dismantles and recycles of e-waste
  12. 12. AUTHORISATION DEALING WITH LAWSCentral Pollution Control Board, DelhiState Pollution Control Board/ Committees Of Union TerritoriesUrban Local Bodies(Municipal Committee/Council)
  13. 13. GLOBAL ORGANISATIONS STEP(Solve The E-waste Problem)•Initiative in late 2004 which has grown to a 50+ members initiative today• Includes member from industry, international organizations, governments, NGO’s etc. Address The Mess. Com•Increasing the awareness•Encourage recycling•Utilization of renewable energy and carbon offsets
  14. 14. Silicon Valley Toxics(•Promoting human health and addresses environmental justiceBasel Action Network(•Addressing global environmental injustices•Economic inefficiency of toxic trade•Promoting sustainable solutions and attempts to ban waste trade•Works for human rights and environmentThe World Reuse, Repair And Recycling Association•Improving the quality of exported electronics•Improving trade practices through fair trade principles•Encouraging letter recycling standard.
  15. 15. CONCLUSIONWHAT CAN CONSUMERS DO?  Keep your old electronics longer instead of replacing them.  If discarding old electronics, be sure to recycle them at a trusted recycling center  Purchase electronics that do not contain hazardous materials
  16. 16. WHAT CAN PRODUCERS DO?  Extended producer responsibility  Design for environment  Take back offer & incentives
  17. 17. WHAT CAN GOVTS/REGULATORS DO? Provide subsidy for e-cycling to producers Keep track of collection & recycling Regulate recyclers Create public awareness Eco-labeling