INTRODUCTION Corruption is a type of strategic action. Two or more people undertake an exchange relation by way of a successful transfer of money or power which sidesteps legality or morality to regulate the relation. India is the 84th most corrupted country in the world.
A corrupt society stops valuing integrity, virtue or moral principles. It exploits India’s scarce resources. Derail country’s credibility and economic stability. The recent scams tells us about free loot of resources and the power of having big “surnames” like Tata’s, and Ambani’s.
MAJOR AREAS OF CONCERNS: Politics and bureaucracy. Land and property - Where officials steal state property. Service sector – Like education, banking, communication , health care etc. Eg: Non-availability of medicines, fake medicines.
Income Tax Department- Favorable tax treatments. Armed Forces – Allegedly selling defence stores in black market in border districts of India. Religious institution- Some of the churches of North India are making money by selling baptism certificates.
CAUSES OF CORRUPTION Lack of effective management and organization of administrative mechanism. Lack of economic stability. Lack of effective political leadership.
Diminishing values in the society. Diminishing patriotism. Lack of awareness about policies and procedures. Low literacy rate.
TOP 5 CORRUPTION SCAMS IN INDIA 2G Spectrum Scam Common Wealth Games Scam. Telgi Scam IPL Scam Satyam Scam
Whats 2G ? Second Generation wireless telephone technology. Three primary benefits of 2G networks: Phone conversations were digitally encrypted. Greater mobile phone penetration levels. 2G introduced data services for mobile, starting with SMS text messages.
2G SPECTRUM SCAM The 2G spectrum scam in India involved the issue of 1232 licenses. Price set as per 2001. Under pricing of 2G spectrum resulted in heavy loss of 176,379 crore rupees.
Spectrum allocation process to favor select companies. This issue came to light after option of 3G services. The scam came to public notice when Subramanyan Swamy filed a case to Supreme Court. Bandwidth of Defence department was sold.
The scam involved allegations regarding: The under pricing of the 2G spectrum by the Department of Telecommunication. It resulted in a heavy loss to the exchequer. The spectrum was allocated to favour selected companies.
CONSEQUENCES OF CORRUPTION Loss of National wealth Hindrance and obstruction in development Backwardness Poverty Authority and power in wrong hands Brain drain Rise in terrorism and crimes Rise in suicide cases Psychological and social disorders
CURES FOR CORRUPTION IN INDIA Value education Effective and regular vigilance Responsible citizen Effective leadership and administration Strong Media support( through films, ads , serials) Strong Legislation Social organisation
Declaration of wealth and assets Transparency Appointment and admissions Religious sermon Loyalty and patriotism Dedicated and diligent leaders Coordination and control
SUGGESTIONS Lokpal Bill Implementation (Introduced since 1968). Anti-corruption police and courts. Vigorous punishments Anti- corruption websites. Anti- corruption Organizations. Self determination of not to give bribe. Awareness and campaigns through medias, social networking sites, road shows etc.
CONCLUSION India is a fast developing country in the worldwhere our systems are weak. So there is always a chance ofcorruption. Who is responsible for this? What action shouldbe taken? What we must keep in mind is “ Nothing isImpossible”. If we join our hands together there can be anend to this deep rooted evil. The only thing is it takes time. Alittle progress everyday leads to a big result oneday………..may be tomorrow. Be Good and Do Good.