PS Senior Secondary School Quiz Finals Suresh Ramasubramanian
1. In SanskritThe leader of all the traders in ancient Indiancities was known by a term derived from theSanskrit word meaning “first” or “greatest”.Variants of that term are found in the namesof communities all over India (Gujarat, TamilNadu, Karnataka etc). Just give me the oldSanskrit term, and its equivalent in TN.
2. A different kind of “Indian” word The name of this fruit… is actually the Nahuatl (Aztec Indian) word forany sort of soft, edible fruit. A very well knownfruit whose Linnean name is Manilkara ______(the dash is a form of the Nahuatl word) was firstnative to several parts of South America such asMexico, Nicaragua etc.Spanish and Portuguese colonists introduced thefruit to various parts of Asia, including India,where the local word for the fruit is again a formof its Linnean name / the Nahuatl word. Name it.
3. The famous Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama first landed in India and was told a local story about how a certain city got its name. Apparently, whenever a Rooster crowed from a particular spot in the city centre, its crowing could be heard all over the city, so that the city’s name means “Rooster Crow” in the local language. Just name the city.
Kozhikode (Kozhi + Kode)Any rooster crowing at the Thali Shiva temple could apparently be heard all over the city
4. Roosters .. Now name this Chicken dishOne of the most popular theories about the origin of this dish is that a restaurant chef in Glasgow, Scotland, invented it by marinating Chicken in a sauce made with cream, yogurt and spices, and then baking it in a charcoal oven.Mohammad Sarwar, a Pakistani-British MP from Glasgow, tried in July 2009 to table a motion in the House of Commons, asking that the UK apply for “European Union Protected Designation of Origin” for the dish (like Champagne can only be used to describe wines grown in a particular region of France). This suggestion was thankfully not adopted, or else only Glasgow restaurants (rather than restaurants the world over) could have this dish on their menu.
Chicken Tikka MasalaThe UK has lots of Indian restaurants :)
5. While we’re talking about British MPsWilliam Pitt the Younger was the British Prime Minister in the 1790s, and introduced this measure in 1798 in order to fund the wars against the French under Napoleon. This measure was extremely unpopular with the general public and was abolished in 1802 when Britain and France signed a peace treaty at Amiens. This peace only lasted a year, so that it was reintroduced in 1803 and lasted for over a decade as the war dragged on.In 1816, a year after Napoleon was defeated, the British Parliament voted not just to end this measure, but to burn all documents connected with the measure so that future generations would never remember that such a measure existed. Unfortunately for all of us around the world, governments don’t forget all that easily. So, for what still unpopular fact of life do we have to blame William Pitt the Younger?
6. Tax Evasion is of course a crimeIf you hide your income from the authorities in order to pay less income tax, you can be fined or even imprisoned. However, there are several entirely legal ways for you not to pay tax on your income. For example, you could show your property in the name of your retired parents to claim a lower tax rate, or if you are self employed, you could claim your phone and electricity bills as business expenses, for a tax deduction. What is the term for such a legal measure that enables you to pay less tax, and not get arrested?
7. The only crime he could be found guilty of was tax evasion During the early stages of his career, he was also the doorman at a nightclub in Brooklyn, New York. He apparently insulted a woman visitor to the club, so that her brother Frank Galluccio picked a fight with him and injured him in a certain way that gave him his famous nickname. He subsequently apologized to Galluccio and even hired him as a bodyguard. Who is he and what was his nickname?
8. Vishal Bharadwaj’s movies Maqbool andOmkara are stories about Mumbai gangstersHowever, they are actually faithfully adaptedfrom two classic stories (which too start withM and O). Just name them.Maqbool involves a gangster who is convincedby his girlfriend to kill his gang leader and takeover the gang.Omkara involves a gangster who is tricked intosuspecting his wife, so that he kills her, findsout the truth and then commits suicide.
Adaptations of Shakespeare Maqbool – Macbeth Omkara - Othello
9. This is a page from Asterix and Caesar’s Gift. Where is it adapted from?
Hamlet – mostly Act V Scene ii *Hamlet’s Death Scene+287 Hes fat, and scant of breath.254 Give us the foils. Come on.281 A hit, a very palpable hit.358 Which have solicited. The rest is silence. [Dies.] The “Rogues and Peasant Slaves” in the last panel is from Hamlet’s Soliloquy in Act II Scene ii
10. Hamlet died after he drank poisoned wine and was wounded with a poisonous swordIn France, and in other Frenchspeaking parts of the world such asFrench Canada (the state of Quebec),you may come across somethingcalled “Poisson d’Avril”. What is it?
An April Fools Joke Pinning a paper fish called an “April Fish” on someone’s back“you will be at matignon = be the french pm = till 2012” “owl”
11. A fish-bodied deity from Fijian mythologyDakuwaka is a Fijian sea god with a body like that of amonstrous ______ fish, who is supposed to be theguardian of all Fijian fishermen. He was once goingto conquer Kadavu (a Fijian island) when a rival god,(also a sea monster, an _______) challenged him.This rival managed to win the battle, forcingDakuwaka to swear that he would protect Kadavu.Something very similar to this battle was depicted ina 2009 movie _____ that is available for sale in thosepirate DVD stores you can find all over Chennai.
Dakuwaka was a SharkThe rival god was an Octopus
12. OctopusWhere else in Hong Kong (other thanin restaurants or places like OceanPark) will you see an Octopus?
Prepaid smart card for paying busand train fares, buying from 7-11..
13. While we’re in Hong KongStephen and Stitt are very famous in HongKong (and you can even see their pictures onsome Hong Kong dollar bills).You can also see them in different citiesaround the world (eg: London, Toronto), at aparticular location that is associated withHong Kong .. and you can see theirphotographs at that HK associated location inmany other cities. Who are Stephen and Stitt?
The HSBC Lions (named for two senior HSBC bankersin the 1920s, AG Stephen and GH Stitt)
14. When Buddhism first came to China…Chinese artists began to draw paintings themed on thelife of the Buddha, one of whose titles was “ShakyaSingha”, the Lion of the Shakyas. So, they wanted toinclude a lion in their painting, but didn’t know what alion looks like, and so used their imagination to drawall kinds of fantastic beasts.When at last a real lion was brought to China andpresented to the Emperor, he noticed that the lionsresembled an animal that was quite commonly foundin China - so this animal was immediately protected,and only the emperor and his nobles were allowed toown these animals. Which animal is this?
15. What does “an apparatus for trapping lions in the Scottish Highlands” … have to do with, for example …• The element “Unobtainium” from Avatar• Indiana Jones’ Crystal Skull … and in older movies• “Rosebud” from Citizen Kane
MacGuffin – a central plot point in a movie that interests all the movie’s characters Alfred Hitchcock, in a 1966 interview with Francois Truffaut – It might be a Scottish name, taken from a story about two men in a train. One man says "Whats that package up there in the baggage rack?", and the other answers "Oh, thats a McGuffin". The first one asks "Whats a McGuffin?". "Well", the other man says, "Its an apparatus for trapping lions in the Scottish Highlands". The first man says "But there are no lions in the Scottish Highlands", and the other one answers "Well, then thats no McGuffin!". So you see, a McGuffin is nothing at all.
16 Elstree Studios had a lot of old, deactivated 1st and 2nd worldwar weaponry used for war movies. For one particular movie,their appearance was altered by gluing on plastic pipes andpieces of sacks, sawing off some parts of the guns etc. Why?[clockwise – Mauser C96, Lüger, Sten Gun, Mauser MG42]
Star Wars WeaponryFrom clockwise, Han Solo’s Blastech DL-44, Leia’s STW122, and two varieties of Stormtrooper Laser Rifles (E11, DLT19) R2D2 is a classic example of a McGuffin
17. Famous World War I fighter pilotCount Francesco Barracca was a World War Ifighter ace who shot down 34 enemy aircraftbefore he was himself shot down in 1918.He was earlier a cavalryman before joining theAir Force and so always used to paint a horseon the planes that he flew.In 1923, his mother the Countess Paolina met______ and suggested that he use the samehorse design that her son had used in the war.
Enzo Ferrari, who used the Prancing Horse as the Ferrari LogoHere is the original, painted on Count Francesco Barracca’s plane
18. During World War IAeroplanes were used as fighter and bomber aircraftby both sides. Air Force pilots in World War Iunfortunately had to face a very unpleasant sideeffect caused by inhaling fumes from the lubricantcommonly used for the newly developed internalcombustion rotary engines that powered the aircraft.What was the lubricant used for these engines (and acommon brand of lubricant gets its name from thelube that was used for this). No points for guessingthe side effect.
The lubricant was Castor Oil, from which CASTROL derives its name. no points for guessing the side effect
19. This Aluminium compound is also used as a cure for “that side effect”It is much more famous for another use it has.It was first introduced outside its country of originChina, in 1727, when a French Jesuit missionary,François Xavier de Entrecolles, saw a huge pile of thiscompound outside the town of Jingdezhen.He asked a Chinese passerby what it was, and thelocal replied in Chinese that it was a “big hill”, so thatis the name that was given to this compound inFrench, and later in English. What is the compoundand what is it most famously used for?
Kaolin from Chinese 高陵 (Kao Ling) Used to make Porcelain.Kaolin + Pectin is used to make Kaopectate
20. Food you should not have eaten may cause “thatside effect”. It sometimes has other consequences too When Adam ate the “forbidden fruit” that Eve got from the Serpent (Satan) and gave him, he is said to have immediately realized that he made a mistake in eating it though God had warned him not to. This caused something to happen, and that something is still seen today in the human body. I’m not looking for the story about how Adam acquired forbidden knowledge by eating the fruit.
the Apple stuck in Adam’s throatadam’s apple = the angle of the thyroid cartilage around the larynx
21. Another sort of AppleWhen Apple Inc. was formed, its employees were beassigned employee IDs.At first, Steve Wozniak’s ID was #1 and Steve Jobs got#2. Jobs didn’t want to be #2 in anything at all, so hefirst tried to get the #1 employee ID, and when thatdidn’t work, he got himself another ID number. What was Jobs’ new employee ID, and how did theID numbers of Wozniak and Jobs form another partof Apple’s history?
Jobs’ new employee ID was 0 1/0 = ∞Apple’s HQ is 1 Infinite Loop, Cupertino CA
22. To infinity and beyond! That is of course Buzz Lightyear from Toy Story [The executive producer, for Pixar, was Steve Jobs]Version 1.1 released on June 17, 1996 andcodenamed “Buzz”. Subsequent releases overthe years have all been named after Toy Storycharacters (Rex, Bo, Hamm, Slink, Potato,Woody, Sarge, Etch, Lenny, Sid, Squeeze andsoon to come – Wheezy).This was first developed by ___ Murdock andnamed after himself and his then girlfriend___ Lynn. So, what is it?
23. The mascot of Linux is ‘Tux the Penguin’Because the Linux mascot penguin wears aTuxedo (a formal black dinner jacket wornwith a white shirt) – and this is similar to howan emperor penguin looks. Another tuxedo wearing penguin, who alsowears a top hat and carries an umbrella, wascalled Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot.Where would you find Oswald Cobblepot?
The Penguin in Batman – based on a KoolCigarettes mascot penguin from the 1940s[below – Danny deVito in Batman Returns]
24. ChesterfieldWhat is a Chesterfield? You wouldvery likely find one in your home.
25. How would you connectSo Fa to these two pictures?
Do Re Mi from the Sound of Music*makes a decent LVC too for which we don’t have time+ Doe- a deer, a female deer Ray- a drop of golden sun Me- a name i call myself Far- a long long way to run Sew- a needle pulling thread La- a note to follow so Tea- a drink with jam and bread
26. What is the word for “tea” inXiamenese (a southern Chinese dialect)?And similarly, can you also tell me what theMandarin Chinese and Cantonese Chinesewords for Tea are?If it helps, Mandarin is the version of Chinesespoken in most of China, and is the officialChinese language you would learn if you tookChinese lessons. Cantonese is the dialectspoken in Hong Kong
Xiamenese – Tee or Tay TeaMandarin / Cantonese – Cha Chai
27. This Chinese snack is eaten along with tea, and is based on a food item ___ introduced by Portuguese traders. The Portuguese also introduced thisfood item in India, where it is known by the same name the Portuguese call it.
The Chinese bun is “Bao”The Portuguese and Indian name is Pao
28. Bombay Irani cafes serve you “brun muska”, hot butteredbuns. Who wrote this 1972 poem based on signboards you see at such cafes? [should be easily guessable]IRANI RESTAURANT INSTRUCTIONS Please Do not spit Do not sit more Pay promptly, time is valuable Do not write letter without order refreshment Do not comb, hair is spoiling floor Do not make mischiefs in cabin our waiter is reporting Come again All are welcome whatever cast If not satisfied tell us otherwise tell others GOD IS GREAT
Nissim Ezekiel*and here’s a real sign for you to compare+
29. Mumbai Irani cafes are nowincreasingly forced out of businessBesides the increasing popularity of McDonalds andKFC compared to Irani Chai, another reason isbecause they all occupy prime “corner” locations.In fact most if not all the Irani hotels in Mumbai arebuilt on street corners, now considered prime realestate so that unscrupulous builders even hiregangsters to scare away the café owners. How did the Persian immigrants who set up all theoriginal Mumbai Irani hotels get these corner plots inthe first place?
These were seen as having poor vastu so the landowners would earlier sell them cheaply and the Irani hotel owners, being Muslims, of course did not believe in Vastu so bought them up Even today, houses built on corner plots or facing a crossroads in Chennai have a Ganesha idol installed on the wall to avoid bad luck.
30. This Mr and Mrs Shetty hired some gangsters to threaten a businessman Because he owed their daughter several lakh rupees and was delaying repayment. The police taped a conversation where the gangsters, as well as Mr. and Mrs. Shetty threatened the businessman. This hit the headlines in India, and also in the UK, where their daughter had become extremely famous not more than a few weeks before these headlines made their way into the UK papers. So who was the daughter and why was she recently famous in the UK?
Shilpa Shetty / Big Brother“poppadom” racism by Jade Goody [last question connects back to q1 on the origin of the name Shetty]
BONUS ROUND = SOLVE FOR A TO P5 points per correct answer, 16 x 5 = 80 + 20 bonus = 100 if you get all of A..P The [A] factory (demolished in 2004 and now the site of the under construction ITC Grand Chola hotel) was built on land owned by a family from the town [B] that claims the hereditary title [C] from the name of their home town. The [B] family is famous for its patronage of the arts over the centuries , financially supporting people like [D] and [E]. An ancestor of the [B] family, and [F], were both petty feudal “village chieftains” (known as *G+) who owed allegiance to the [H] dynasty whose capital was [I], till the dynasty faded out. The last queen- regent of that dynasty was Queen [J], (named after the goddess [J] whose temple is in the city of [I]).
Continued[K], the grand-nephew of another ruler [L], swore anoath of friendship with Queen *J+ on a “Koran” thatwas actually a brick wrapped in silken cloth. *K+ then proceeded to “help” her by eliminating allother claimants to the throne. Once this was done,[K] deposed Queen [J] and grabbed control of thethrone. Queen [J] then committed suicide,effectively ending the [H] dynasty. Some years later, the *L+ dynasty’s rule was endedafter its last ruler died in a battle with [M] in the passof Damalacheruvu.
Continued[K] was briefly taken prisoner by the [M] army. [M]allied themseles with *N+ while *K+ sided with *N+’scenturies old enemy, [O]. [O] came out on the losingside and [K] was killed in battle with the [M] and [N]forces. This led to all the territory of the [H] dynastybeing controlled by [N].Village Chieftains (G) such as [B] and [F] ended uphaving to pay taxes to [N]. However, [F] refused topay, and took up arms against [N], so he was caughtand hanged by *N+’s troops, who were assisted by[B], who was a neighbour and enemy of [F].
finally … done*B+’s descendant (the owner of the land on which the [A] factory stood) had a dispute with a prominent author and politician [P]. [P] wrote a biography of [F], made into a hit movie, in which he took considerable pains to blacken *B+’s reputation. So, *B+’s name is now a proverbial term for villainy in the local language. [phew, done. solve for all the variables] [exchange sheets when you are done]
#6 - The Answers• A - Campa Cola• B - Ettayapuram• C - Ettappan• D - Muthuswami Dikshitar• E - Subramania Bharathi [or vice versa D and E]• F – Kattabomman• G – Polygars / Palayakarars• H – Nayak Dynasty• I – Madurai• J - Meenakshi
#6 Answers Continued• K – Chanda Sahib• L – The Nawab of Arcot• M – The Marathas• N – The British• O – The French• P – Ma Po Sivagnanam / Ma Po Si