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  1. 1. AHSANULLAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Pre-stressed concrete lab CE 418 COURSE TEACHER Mr.Galib Muktadir & Sabreena N.Mouri
  3. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Definition & types of slab Definition of one-way slab Figure of one-way slab Design considerations of one-way slab Approximate structural analysis Typical reinforcement in a one-way slab Summary of one-way slab design procedure Example of one-way slab
  5. 5.  A slab is structural element whose thickness is small compared to its own length and width.  Slabs in Buildings are usually used to transmit the loads on floors and roofs to the supporting beams.
  6. 6.  One-way slab  Two-way slab  Flat plate  Flat slab  Grid or waffle slab
  7. 7.  A One Way Slab is simply a very wide beam that spans between supports. When slab is supported on two opposite sides only, total load is carried along the perpendicular direction of supporting beams. When slab is supported at all sides and length/width >2 of a slab panel, maximum load is carried along the short direction. shrinkage Reinft. Main reinforcement is placed along the load carrying direction. Beam L Main Reinft. Beam S
  8. 8.  The slab is designed as a series of 1’-0” wide beam “strips”. The analysis is similar to rectangular beams, except the width b = 12” and the height is usually on the order of 4” →10”.  The main tension bars are usually #4, #5 or #6 bars. however, additional bars are placed perpendicular to the main tension bars to prevent cracking during the curing process. These bars are referred to as “shrinkage” or “temperature” bars and are also usually #4 or #5 bars.
  9. 9.  A one-way slab is supported by parallel walls or beams, and the main tension reinforcing bars run parallel to the span. It looks like the following:
  10. 10. 1- Minimum Thickness: To control deflection, ACI Code specifies minimum thickness values for oneway solid slabs, shown in the following Table. Element Simply supported One End continuous Both end continuous Cantilever One way slabs L/20 L/24 L/28 L/10 Where L is the span length in the direction of bending.
  11. 11. 2- Design Concept: One-way solid slabs are designed as a number of independent 1 ft or 12 “ wide strips which span in the short direction and supported on crossing beams. S1 S2 1 ft  L S1 S2
  12. 12.  3- Reinforcement Ratio: One-way solid slabs are designed as rectangular sections subjected to shear and moment. Thus, the maximum reinforcement ratio is  m ax  0.85 1      f c ' u f y u  t 4-Minimum reinforcement Shrinkage and temperature „ For fy = 40 to 50 ksi As(S&T) = 0.002bh „ For fy = 60 ksi As(S&T) = 0.0018bh „ For fy > 60 ksi As(S&T) = (0.0018x60xbh)/fy >= 0.0014bh
  13. 13. 5- Spacing of Reinforcement Bars S=( 12 * as) / As here , as = area of the bar used , As = area of reinforcement  6- Loads Assigned to Slabs wu=1.2 D.L + 1.6 L.L   „   7-Minimum cover ACI 7.7.71 (if not exposed to weather or in contact with soil)„ ¾ in. for # 11 and smaller 1.5 in. for # 14 and # 18 bars
  14. 14. 1- Select representative 1ft wide design strip/strips to span in the short direction. 2- Choose a slab thickness to satisfy deflection control requirements. When several numbers of slab panels exist, select the largest calculated thickness. 3- Calculate the factored load wu by magnifying service dead and live loads according to this equation wu=1.20wD +1.60wL . 4- Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for each of the strips.
  15. 15. 5- calculate maximum moment Mu. 6- Flexural reinforcement ratio is calculated from the following equation , ρ m ax  0.85 β1 f c ' εu f y εu  εt 7-Compute the area of shrinkage reinforcement, 8-Draw a plan of the slab and representative cross sections showing the dimensions and the selected reinforcement.