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Administration and management


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3 catagories of theories regarding relation between administration and management

Published in: Leadership & Management
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Administration and management

  2. 2. MANAGEMENT Management is a process of getting things done with the aim of achieving goals effectively and efficiently.
  3. 3. ADMINISTRATION • Administration refers to the group of individuals who are in charge of creating and enforcing rules and regulations, or those in leadership positions who complete important tasks. • According to McFarland, management and administration are synonyms of each other.
  4. 4. ADMINISTRATION On the analysis of various views expressed regarding administration, three conclusions can be drawn: • Management and administration are different • Management includes administration • Management and administration are one
  5. 5. MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION ARE DIFFERENT • Main scholars- Oliver Sheldon, W.R. Spriegel, Milward and Florence • According to this concept, administration involves the overall setting of major objectives and determination of policies and decisions while management looks after the execution of these policies and decisions.
  6. 6. Cont. Oliver Sheldon has defined the functions of administration as - the determination of corporate policies, coordination of finance, production and distribution and ultimate control over execution.
  7. 7. MANAGEMENT INCLUDES ADMINISTRATION • Main scholars- E.F.L. Brech, Kimball and Kimball • According to Brech “Management is a process entailing responsibility for the effective and economical planning of the operation of an enterprise……administration is that part of management concerned with the installation and carrying out of the procedures”
  8. 8. Cont. Brech divides management into three levels : • Top management- responsible for policy formation, goals and aims • Middle and functional management- responsible for planning, organizing, directing and controlling • Lower management- responsible for supervision
  9. 9. MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISRATION ARE ONE • Main scholars- Henry Feyol, Koontz and O’Donnell, Allen, Terry, Newman • Management and administration can be used interchangeably • Management is used in business enterprises and administration is used in government and other social institutions.
  10. 10. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT • Nature of work • Type of function • Scope • Level of authority • Nature of status • Direction of human efforts • Main functions • Co-ordination and control