Programme Report 2012    Work Plan 2013                  Tim Krupnick, CIMMYT
2012 Activities • closing ‘global system’   project • ramping up the CWR   project • initiating CRP Genebanks  CIAT       ...
9.2                     8.0                            2050              6.1                     2025       4.1           ...
Climate change Likelihood (in percent) that the summer average temperature in 2090 will exceed the highest summer temperat...
Threats to diversitySource: Valls J F M (2010) What specific changes in the current way genebanks and breeders to business...
Impact of climate change on CWR             Arachis (peanut, groundnut) - wild species distributions                      ...
State of ex situ conservation • over 1700 facilities • holding 7.4m accessions • some are ‘state of the art’
State of ex situ conservation• some are in a poor state
Phillippine national genebankTyphoon Xangsane, 2006
Phillippine National GenebankFire, 28 January 2012
Global SystemRescue and            Ensure conservationsafeguard important        and availabilitycrop diversity           ...
Global System Project  Regeneration            Duplication   Conservation Research    Information systems                 ...
Regeneration projects                         Accessions in National Institutes •   22 crops •   95,000 accessions •   246...
Results of the regeneration• 74,410 regenerated• 3,675 put in vitro• 12,255 not viable
Safety duplication • 37,218 accessions • 41 countries • 12 not Treaty Party • in process 10,000   accessions
The Svalbard Global Seed Vault• holds 747,141 samples• 558,000 Trust funded• 25,000 samples this month
Status 2012
Transferring samples             • 6 shipments / 1105               accessions               destroyed or               re...
Evaluation projects     •     43 projects     •     59 collections     •     20 crops     •     143 traits     •     58 NA...
Some resultsCrop       Country     ResultsSweet      CIP &       20 varieties performed very well (32 tons per hectare) in...
Genesys                National              NationalInternational               Eurisco              USDA collections
http://www.genesys-pgr.org/
Adapting Agriculture toClimate Change  Collecting, Protecting and Preparing Crop Wild Relatives
Pest & disease resistance from CWR                                                                             Musa acumin...
CWR project: the cropsSpecies              Common nameAvena sativa         OatCajanus cajan        PigeonpeaCicer arietinu...
Activities  Research          Collecting   Prebreeding and Evaluation                                 Information     Cons...
Timeline
Research: gap analysis             Gather                                                   Gather         taxonomic data ...
Gap analysis: progress so far  • CWR inventory of 92    genera    • http://www.cwrdiversit      y.org/checklist/  • global...
Gap analysis: man vs. machine
Gap analysis: publication
Collecting CWR: the road ahead• collecting targets  identified   •   gap analysis results       due end November• discussi...
Using CWR        Figure out what                                                Pick the most          diversity is       ...
Using CWR: strategies and case studies• expert  consultations• ‘CWR Genomics: a  key to unlocking  diversity’ in Dec.  201...
Programme report-Global System and CWR
Programme report-Global System and CWR
Programme report-Global System and CWR
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Programme report-Global System and CWR

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  • Picture reference: Pennisetum procerum from NARO, Uganda collecting project
  • Development of use strategies: Expert consultations completed to date: potato, beans, sunflower, cereals, eggplant, sweetpotato, alfalfa, lentil, banana, apple and cowpea. Strategies for all genepools developed by end 2013. Meeting on ‘CWR Genomics: A key to unlocking diversity’ planned for December 2013: In collaboration with high-level team of scientific advisors co-funding from the US National Science Foundation as well as several Canadian Genome programmes.
  • Programme report-Global System and CWR

    1. 1. Programme Report 2012 Work Plan 2013 Tim Krupnick, CIMMYT
    2. 2. 2012 Activities • closing ‘global system’ project • ramping up the CWR project • initiating CRP Genebanks CIAT Aegilops tauschii- hessian fly resistance
    3. 3. 9.2 8.0 2050 6.1 2025 4.1 20002.5 19751950
    4. 4. Climate change Likelihood (in percent) that the summer average temperature in 2090 will exceed the highest summer temperature ever observed (1900-2006). Source: Battisti, D.S., and R.L. Naylor. 2009. Historical warnings of future food insecurity with unprecedented seasonal heat. Science, 323, 240- 244.
    5. 5. Threats to diversitySource: Valls J F M (2010) What specific changes in the current way genebanks and breeders to business and interact will be necessary to increase useof Crop Wild Relatives? Presentation for ‘Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change: The Need for Crop Wild Relatives’, Bellagio, 7-9 September 2010.Photo adapted from Tollefson J (2010) Nature 466: 554-556.
    6. 6. Impact of climate change on CWR Arachis (peanut, groundnut) - wild species distributions 2055 CurrentSource: Jarvis, A., Ferguson, M., Williams, D., Guarino, L., Jones, P.,Stalker, H., Valls, J., Pittman, R., Simpson, C. & Bramel, P. 2003.Biogeography of Wild Arachis: Assessing Conservation Status andSetting Future Priorities. Crop Science 43, 1100-1108.
    7. 7. State of ex situ conservation • over 1700 facilities • holding 7.4m accessions • some are ‘state of the art’
    8. 8. State of ex situ conservation• some are in a poor state
    9. 9. Phillippine national genebankTyphoon Xangsane, 2006
    10. 10. Phillippine National GenebankFire, 28 January 2012
    11. 11. Global SystemRescue and Ensure conservationsafeguard important and availabilitycrop diversity in perpetuity
    12. 12. Global System Project Regeneration Duplication Conservation Research Information systems Evaluation
    13. 13. Regeneration projects Accessions in National Institutes • 22 crops • 95,000 accessions • 246 collections • 86 institutes • 77 countries • 9 networks Source: Direct communication between Trust and national partners
    14. 14. Results of the regeneration• 74,410 regenerated• 3,675 put in vitro• 12,255 not viable
    15. 15. Safety duplication • 37,218 accessions • 41 countries • 12 not Treaty Party • in process 10,000 accessions
    16. 16. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault• holds 747,141 samples• 558,000 Trust funded• 25,000 samples this month
    17. 17. Status 2012
    18. 18. Transferring samples • 6 shipments / 1105 accessions destroyed or returned • many still in quarantine
    19. 19. Evaluation projects • 43 projects • 59 collections • 20 crops • 143 traits • 58 NARS • 8 CGIAR • 43 countriesPhotos International Rice Research Institute (IRRI); Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice). 2009.
    20. 20. Some resultsCrop Country ResultsSweet CIP & 20 varieties performed very well (32 tons per hectare) inpotato Argentina sandy, saline soils. Developed a method for screening in vitro cultures for salinity tolerance.Maize Brazil 5 genotypes with tolerance to drought. Populations with resistance to Phaeosphaeria leaf spot and rust.Banana India 4 genotypes with drought toleranceWheat, Pakistan 127 wheat accessions resistant to yellow rust and potentiallychickpea 25 tolerant to drought. 5 chickpea accessions highly resistant to Aschochyta blight.Sweet PNG 32 accessions resistant to scab disease (Elsinoe batatas)potato and 7 with cold tolerance
    21. 21. Genesys National NationalInternational Eurisco USDA collections
    22. 22. http://www.genesys-pgr.org/
    23. 23. Adapting Agriculture toClimate Change Collecting, Protecting and Preparing Crop Wild Relatives
    24. 24. Pest & disease resistance from CWR Musa acuminata- black sigatoga resistance Manihot glaziovii- cassava mosaic Aegilops disease (CMD) tauschii- hessian resistance fly resistanceSource: Okogbenin E (2010) The Use and Challenges of CWR in Breeding. Presentation for‘Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change: The Need for Crop Wild Relatives’, Bellagio, 7-9September 2010.
    25. 25. CWR project: the cropsSpecies Common nameAvena sativa OatCajanus cajan PigeonpeaCicer arietinum ChickpeaDaucus carota CarrotEleusine coracana Finger milletHelianthus annuus SunflowerHordeum vulgare BarleyIpomoea batatas Sweet potatoLathyrus sativus Grass pea/Common chicklingLens culinaris Lentil Species Common nameMalus domestica Apple Oryza glaberrima African riceMedicago sativa Alfalfa/Lucerne Oryza sativa RiceMusa acuminata Cavendish banana Pennisetum glaucum Pearl milletMusa balbisiana Guangdong plantain Phaseolus lunatus Butter bean/Lima bean Phaseolus vulgaris Garden bean Pisum sativum Garden pea Secale cereale Rye Solanum melongena Eggplant/Aubergine Solanum tuberosum Potato Sorghum bicolor Sorghum Triticum aestivum Bread wheat Vicia faba Faba bean Vicia sativa Common vetch Vigna subterranea Bambara groundnut Vigna unguiculata Cowpea
    26. 26. Activities Research Collecting Prebreeding and Evaluation Information Conservation
    27. 27. Timeline
    28. 28. Research: gap analysis Gather Gather taxonomic data occurrence Georeferencing data Make collecting Determine gaps Model recommendations in collections distributionsSource: concept and images from Jarvis et al. 2009. Value of a Coordinate: geographic analysis of agricultural biodiversity. Presentation for BiodiversityInformation Standards (TDWG), November 2009.
    29. 29. Gap analysis: progress so far • CWR inventory of 92 genera • http://www.cwrdiversit y.org/checklist/ • global dataset of CWR geographic distributions • 4 million records from 76 sources, including 20 herbaria • generation of maps under way
    30. 30. Gap analysis: man vs. machine
    31. 31. Gap analysis: publication
    32. 32. Collecting CWR: the road ahead• collecting targets identified • gap analysis results due end November• discussions on collecting initiated with Myanmar, Mozambique, Israel, Azerbaijan• collecting starts
    33. 33. Using CWR Figure out what Pick the most diversity is diversity present Figure out if its Cross, cross, good cross Make it available
    34. 34. Using CWR: strategies and case studies• expert consultations• ‘CWR Genomics: a key to unlocking diversity’ in Dec. 2012• case studies on sunflower and rice Group of experts on the use of potato CWR CIP, Lima February 2012

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