Types of packaging.
Purpose of packaging.
Function of labeling.
Types of labeling.
Elements of labeling.
The package = physical container or wrapping for a product
It is an integral part of product planning and promotion
10% of the retail price is spent on developing,
designing, and producing just the package
Companies sometimes change packaging to update their
image and reach a new market
1) Consumer packaging:
design for consumer
convenience and appeal marketing
consideration and display.
2) Industrial packaging:
focuses on the
handling convenience and protection during
1. Promoting and Selling the Product
2. Defining Product Identity
3. Providing Information
4. Expressing Customer Needs
5. Ensure Safe Use
6. Protecting the Product
The Keys to Product Packaging
Attractive, colorful, and
visually appealing packages
have promotional value
A well designed package is a
powerful selling device
because it helps the
product stand out from its
Mixed Bundling – packaging
different products or
Usually the bundle price is
cheaper than buying them
Price Bundling – two or
more similar products
are placed on sale for
one package price
Packaging is sometimes used to
promote an image such as
prestige, convenience, or status
Can be a crucial part of the
marketing strategy, particularly
Gives customer useful
directions for using the
When designing packages, companies analyze
customer lifestyles and create packaging that
meets their needs for size and convenience
Packages often come in various sizes
Proper packaging helps to eliminate
potential injuries or misuse of a
Formerly glass containers are now
Tamper resistant packages
Blisterpacks – packages with preformed
plastic molds surrounding individual
items arranged on a backing
Must protect during shipping, storage, and
Prevent or discourage from tampering
Protect against breakage and spoilage
Do you ever get frustrated when you buy
something and the package if filled with
more air than product?
Air To Spare
Aseptic Packaging –technology that
keeps foods fresh without
refrigeration for extended periods
Usually used to package food products
Labels range from simple tag
attachment to products to complex
graphics that are part of package.
Information related to product on the
They perform several functions:
1) It identifies the product or brand.
Example: sunkist stamp on oranges.
2) Describe several things about the product.
Example: who made it,where it was
made,when it was made its content,how it is
to be used and how to use it safely.
3) It help to improve the brand,support its
positioning and connect with customers.
4) For many companies label have become an
important element in broader marketing
Example:pepsi recently recrafted the graphics
on its soft drink cans as a part of broader
effort to give the brand new meaning and
social relevance to its youth audience.
1. Brand Label – gives brand name and made
by or logo.
Example:brand name use on soap such as
1. Descriptive Label/Informative – give
information about product use,
performance, and other features.
2. Universal product code - a code in a
bar is called universal product code it is
4. Grade label:some product have given grade
level.Grade label shows the grade of product
and quality of the product by words,letters or
Example:A,B,C,D grade can be put on peas
Packed in the cans.
Similarly grade label can be mentioned as !
2 3 4 grades for packed wheat.
Following are the elements of labeling:
An eye catching graphic will also
draw attention to your product .
Professional graphics such as drawings or
photographs can go a long way in regards to
drawing attention to your product.
The colour used on your product label are
very important as they can directly influence
the buyer’s purchasing decision.
Example:you should take in the account the
colouring of the container or if the container
is clear you need to consider the colour of
product and so on,as you donot want your
product label to negatively impact these
Font is important for labeling just as colour
and graphics when designing your product,
chose a font thatwill help the product to
stand out or one that captures the
personality of product.
Example:if the product is ketchup try a font
of product.hat is fun or plays upto spicy
Common label material choices are white,
clear, cream colored, or even gold or silver
foil. Choosing a white or foil material can
help your design to stand out from the
packaging, while choosing a clear label
material may be useful to create a custom
shape or to make the label better blend in
with the product’s container, which can be
handy if the packaging is colored.
label size choice will largely depend on the
product’s container / packaging.
You will also have the option of designing a
single label or using multiple labels for the
front / back of the product.
The shape of label can certainly help to
draw attention to the product on the shelf.
There are many label shapes including
rectangles, squares, ovals, circles, seals,
hearts, and others.
The barcode is the portion of the label that
tells electronic scanners information about
your product. First used in grocery stores,
barcodes now make it easier for a product to
be sold in stores of all kinds. UPC (Universal
Product Code) barcodes are also used to help
companies track inventory or add security to
Aside from creating a product label that
stands out on the shelf, adding the
company’s contact information may be the
single most important aspect of an effective
product label’s design.
Clearly listing contact information is an
essential step in enhancing a product and
encouraging communication with customers.
The company’s 800 number, website address,
physical address, and social media
information (Twitter, Facebook, etc, etc.)
should all be included on every product label
to ensure they can receive feedback from