Great Personalities From Romania


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Great Personalities From Romania

  1. 1. Great Personalities from Romania
  2. 2. Mihai Eminescu Mihai Eminescu (January 15th , 1850 – June 15th , 1889), was a late Romantic poet, the best-known and most influential Romanian poet. Eminescu has been active in the Junimea literary society, and served as editor of Timpul, the official newspaper of the Conservative Party. Eminescu was only 20 when Titu Maiorescu, the top literary critic in 1870 Romania named him "a real poet", in an essay
  3. 3. POEMS The lake In the forest, yellow lilies We shall, lit by friendly moonbeams, Carpet the lake-waters blue; Float within the magic ring – Of a sudden, whitish circles May the winds through rushes rustle Do unfasten a canoe. May the rippling waters sing! And I roam along the border But she will not come… O, vainly, And half list, half wait, most blest All alone, I sigh and ache If she comes out of the rushes Near the host of yellow lilies, And falls gently on my breast. On the brink of the blue lake. Into the canoe will hurry Temped by the waters’ chant, And I shall let slip the rudder, And the oar I’ll put aslant;
  4. 4. Sky - blue flower If you grant me then a kiss Are you rapt in stars again Come, let’s hie to forests’ green Not a soul will ever know And in clouds and lofty skies? Where in valleys springs lament ‘Twill be secret; even so: Mind you don’t forget my eyes, And a rock is downwards bent It is no one’s business! You, the dearest of all men! Over each deep-cleft ravine. When trough boughs we see the Vainly do you cram up notions Where the forest’s brow is split moon Of a sun criss-crossed by rills By the pond that’s free from weeds, - Empress of the summer night – Of Assyrian plains and hills In the shade of quiet reeds By the waist you’ll hold me tight Of the ever darkling oceans; ‘Mong the blackberries we’ll sit. And toghether we shall spoon. Pyramids of some old day Then, my pet, your mouth above me While descending under bowers Raise their tapers to the sky Lies upon tall tales will pile To ou’r village in the glen Oh, my soul’s life, never try While upon a camomile I’ll give you a kiss again Seeking bliss so far away! I shall check how much you love me. Sweet as shyly hiding flowers. That’s how darling used her craft – By the sun’s hot beams caressed, And if reaching mother’s gate Gently she caressed my hair; I shall blush like garden phlox; We shall whisper in the dark She had told the truth, I swear: I will loose my golden locks Nobody will mind our lark: I made no reply, just laughed. Just to stop your mouth in jest. Just who cares my love’s so grate?
  5. 5. One more kiss – she vanishes I stay in the moonlight dazed: Oh, how beautiful, how crezed, And how sweet my flower is! Wonder sweet, you left your thrall: Our love lived but an hour. Sky-blue flower, sky-blue flower!... Sad is this world after all! His death as well as his bohemian lifestyle (he never pursued a degree, a position, a wife) had him associated with the Romantic figure of the genius.
  6. 6. Constantin Brancusi Constantin Brâncuşi (February 19th , 1876 – March 16th , 1957) was an internationally renowned Romanian sculptor whose sculptures, which blend simplicity and sophistication, led the way for modernist sculptors. "There are idiots that define my work as abstract, yet what they call abstract is what is most realistic, what is real is not the appearance but the idea, the essence of things."
  7. 7. Works “Sleeping Muse”, Metropolitan Museum of Art “The Endless Column”, “Miss Targu Jiu, Romania Pogany” Philadelphia Museum of Art
  8. 8. “The Prayer” Romania’s Art Museum, Bucuresti “Wisdom of the Earth” Romania’s Art Museum, “The Kiss” Bucuresti Museum of Art, Craiova “The Sleep” “Table of Silence”, Targu-Jiu, Romania
  9. 9. George Enescu George Enescu (August 19th , 1881, Liveni – May 4th , 1955, Paris) was a Romanian composer, violinist, pianist, conductor and teacher, preeminent Romanian musician of the 20th century, and one of the greatest performers of his time. Works Œdipe, tragédie lyrique in four acts, libretto by Edmond Fleg, op. 23 (1910-1931) Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 in A major, op.11 (1897) Romanian Rhapsody No. 2 in D major, op.11 (1901) Chamber Symphony for 12 instruments , op.33 (1954) Octet for Strings, op. 7 (1900) Strin Quartet No.2 in G major, op.22 (1950-1952) Dixtuor in D major, for wind instruments, op. 14 (1906) Violin Sonata No.3 in A minor, op. 25 (1926) Cello Sonata No.2 in C major, op. 26 (1935)
  10. 10. Nadia Comaneci Gymnasts from all over the world had thought for a long time there was no such thing as perfection. But in July 1976, a few were lucky to assist at the Gymnastic Olympic Games of Montreal. There, they found a genius of only 14 years old. Who is this graceful little girl with a dark ponytail? 153 cm tall, weighing 40 kg, Nadia Comaneci appears in front of 16000 persons. Incredibly gifted for a discipline in which she started eight years ago, trained three hours a day by Bela Karoly, the Romanian teenager masters a perfect control.
  11. 11. Light as a butterfly she evolves with a beauty and exceptional control in a difficult exercise at uneven bars. Opposed to the champion entitre Olga Korbut, she defies balance ending by dangerous, yet steady leap. The performance is hallucinatory. There was no need for more to win a public that applauses her excitedly. The jury is also fascinated. After such perfection she doesn’t even look to the mark board.
  12. 12. The mark finally appears: 1! A shiver passes through out the audience. Nobody understands. Nadia is also unconfident. What’s happening? The explanation soon arrives: The computers aren’t programmed for the maxim mark of ten, which has never been given before. But it’s clearly the perfect grade given for the first time in gymnastics. After the following rounds, Nadia wins the competition. It was a small Romanian girl who reinvented gymnastics and became for ever since “the little fairy of Montreal”. Source: “Le coeur des femmes”, Roselyne Febvre
  13. 13. Henri Coanda Henri Marie Coandă (June 7th , 1886 – November 25th , 1972) was a Romanian inventor, aerodynamics pioneer and the builder of world's first jet powered aircraft, the Coanda-1910. He discovered and gave his name to the Coandă effect. Awards and medals: 1956: in New York, Coanda was honored as the inventor of the first jet aero plane: one speaker lauded him as “the past, present and future of aviation”. 1965: At the International Automation Symposium in New York, Coanda received the Harry Diamond Laboratories Award UNESCO Award for Scientific Research The medal of French Aeronautics , Order of Merit and Commander ring
  14. 14. Inventions and discoveries 1910: A mobile platform for aerodynamic experiments, mounted on the side of a train, 1910 running at 90 km/h on the Paris - Saint-Quentin route. Effectively, this gave him a wind tunnel; using smoke and a photographic camera of his own design, he was able to test the stability of designs for aeroplane wings. 1910: The Coandă-1910, the world's first thermojet aircraft (which crashed on its only 1910 demonstration). 1911: A two-engine, one-propeller aeroplane. 1911 1911-1914 as technical director of Bristol Aeroplane Company, designed the Bristol- Coandă aeroplanes. Probably the most famous of Coandă's discoveries is the Coandă Effect. After the crash of the "Coandă-1910" aero plane, the first jet propelled airplane in the world, Coandă observed that flames and incandescent gas emitted by the fire tended to remain close to the fuselage. After more than 20 years studying this phenomenon along with his colleagues, Coandă described what was later to name the "Coandă Effect". This effect has been utilized in many aeronautical inventions and is crucial to successful supersonic flight.
  15. 15. Alina Cojocaru Alina Cojocaru (born 27th May 1981) is a female principal dancer with The Royal Ballet of London. Alina Cojocaru was born and raised in Bucharest, Romania. She has one sister. From a young age she studied gymnastics. Later she began ballet classes, despite never having seen a live ballet.
  16. 16. Alina Cojocaru was chosen (with 8 other Romanian students) by the director of the Kiev Ballet school to take part in a student exchange. She didn’t speak any Russian. The ballet school gave a public performance every six months and it was in one of these performances that Cojocaru made her debut, dancing the role of Amor in Don Quixote. In January 1997, aged 16, she competed in the Prix de Lausanne, a prestigious international ballet competition. She won the gold medal, winning a six month scholarship to train at the Royal Ballet School in London. She moved to London that same year to commence her training, but did not speak any English. In 2001 she was promoted to Principal at the Royal Ballet in London.
  17. 17. Angela Gheorghiu Superstar Angela Gheorghiu, the most glamorous and gifted opera singer of our time, was born in the small Romanian town Adjud. From early childhood it was obvious that she will become a singer, her destiny was the music. She attended the Music School in Bucharest and graduated from the Bucharest Music Academy, where she studied with the remarkable music teacher Mia Barbu. Ms. Gheorghiu’s magnificent voice and dazzling stage presence have established her as a unique international opera superstar.
  18. 18. Angela Gheorghiu made her international debut in 1992 at Covent Garden with La Bohème. In the same year she made her debut in the Metropolitan Opera New York and in the Staatsoper Vienna. It was in the Royal Opera House Covent Garden that she first sang her much acclaimed La Traviata in 1994. At one rehearsal the conductor Sir Georg Solti said: “I was in tears. I had to go out. The girl is wonderful. She can do everything.”