Mihai Eminescu (January
15th , 1850 – June 15th ,
1889), was a late Romantic
poet, the best-known and
most influential Romanian
poet. Eminescu has been
active in the Junimea literary
society, and served as editor
of Timpul, the official
newspaper of the Conservative
Eminescu was only 20 when Titu Maiorescu, the top literary
critic in 1870 Romania named him "a real poet", in an essay
In the forest, yellow lilies We shall, lit by friendly moonbeams,
Carpet the lake-waters blue; Float within the magic ring –
Of a sudden, whitish circles May the winds through rushes rustle
Do unfasten a canoe. May the rippling waters sing!
And I roam along the border But she will not come… O, vainly,
And half list, half wait, most blest All alone, I sigh and ache
If she comes out of the rushes Near the host of yellow lilies,
And falls gently on my breast. On the brink of the blue lake.
Into the canoe will hurry
Temped by the waters’ chant,
And I shall let slip the rudder,
And the oar I’ll put aslant;
Sky - blue flower
If you grant me then a kiss
Are you rapt in stars again Come, let’s hie to forests’ green
Not a soul will ever know
And in clouds and lofty skies? Where in valleys springs lament
‘Twill be secret; even so:
Mind you don’t forget my eyes, And a rock is downwards bent
It is no one’s business!
You, the dearest of all men! Over each deep-cleft ravine.
When trough boughs we see the
Vainly do you cram up notions Where the forest’s brow is split moon
Of a sun criss-crossed by rills By the pond that’s free from weeds, - Empress of the summer night –
Of Assyrian plains and hills In the shade of quiet reeds By the waist you’ll hold me tight
Of the ever darkling oceans; ‘Mong the blackberries we’ll sit. And toghether we shall spoon.
Pyramids of some old day Then, my pet, your mouth above me While descending under bowers
Raise their tapers to the sky Lies upon tall tales will pile To ou’r village in the glen
Oh, my soul’s life, never try While upon a camomile I’ll give you a kiss again
Seeking bliss so far away! I shall check how much you love me. Sweet as shyly hiding flowers.
That’s how darling used her craft – By the sun’s hot beams caressed, And if reaching mother’s gate
Gently she caressed my hair; I shall blush like garden phlox; We shall whisper in the dark
She had told the truth, I swear: I will loose my golden locks Nobody will mind our lark:
I made no reply, just laughed. Just to stop your mouth in jest. Just who cares my love’s so grate?
One more kiss – she vanishes
I stay in the moonlight dazed:
Oh, how beautiful, how crezed,
And how sweet my flower is!
Wonder sweet, you left your thrall:
Our love lived but an hour.
Sky-blue flower, sky-blue flower!...
Sad is this world after all!
His death as well as his bohemian lifestyle (he never
pursued a degree, a position, a wife) had him
associated with the Romantic figure of the genius.
(February 19th , 1876 –
March 16th , 1957) was an
Romanian sculptor whose
sculptures, which blend
simplicity and sophistication,
led the way for modernist
"There are idiots that define
my work as abstract, yet
what they call abstract is
what is most realistic, what
is real is not the appearance
but the idea, the essence of
Metropolitan Museum of Art
“The Endless Column”, “Miss
Targu Jiu, Romania Pogany”
Museum, Bucuresti “Wisdom of the Earth”
Romania’s Art Museum,
“The Kiss” Bucuresti
Museum of Art, Craiova
“Table of Silence”,
George Enescu (August 19th , 1881, Liveni – May 4th ,
1955, Paris) was a Romanian composer, violinist, pianist,
conductor and teacher, preeminent Romanian musician of
the 20th century, and one of the greatest performers of
Œdipe, tragédie lyrique in four acts, libretto by Edmond
Fleg, op. 23 (1910-1931)
Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 in A major, op.11 (1897)
Romanian Rhapsody No. 2 in D major, op.11 (1901)
Chamber Symphony for 12 instruments , op.33 (1954)
Octet for Strings, op. 7 (1900)
Strin Quartet No.2 in G major, op.22 (1950-1952)
Dixtuor in D major, for wind instruments, op. 14 (1906)
Violin Sonata No.3 in A minor, op. 25 (1926)
Cello Sonata No.2 in C major, op. 26 (1935)
Gymnasts from all over the world had
thought for a long time there was no
such thing as perfection. But in July
1976, a few were lucky to assist at the
Gymnastic Olympic Games of
There, they found a genius of only 14
Who is this graceful little girl with a dark
ponytail? 153 cm tall, weighing 40 kg,
Nadia Comaneci appears in front of
16000 persons. Incredibly gifted for a
discipline in which she started eight
years ago, trained three hours a day by
Bela Karoly, the Romanian teenager
masters a perfect control.
Light as a butterfly she evolves with a beauty
and exceptional control in a difficult exercise at
uneven bars. Opposed to the champion entitre
Olga Korbut, she defies balance ending by
dangerous, yet steady leap. The performance is
There was no need for more to win a
public that applauses her excitedly. The
jury is also fascinated. After such
perfection she doesn’t even look to the
The mark finally appears: 1! A shiver passes
through out the audience. Nobody understands.
Nadia is also unconfident. What’s happening? The
explanation soon arrives: The computers aren’t
programmed for the maxim mark of ten, which
has never been given before. But it’s clearly the
perfect grade given for the first time in
After the following rounds, Nadia wins
the competition. It was a small
Romanian girl who reinvented
gymnastics and became for ever since
“the little fairy of Montreal”.
Source: “Le coeur des femmes”, Roselyne Febvre
Henri Marie Coandă (June 7th , 1886 –
November 25th , 1972) was a Romanian
inventor, aerodynamics pioneer and the
builder of world's first jet powered
aircraft, the Coanda-1910. He
discovered and gave his name to the
Awards and medals:
1956: in New York, Coanda was honored as the inventor of the first jet aero plane: one
speaker lauded him as “the past, present and future of aviation”.
1965: At the International Automation Symposium in New York, Coanda received the
Harry Diamond Laboratories Award
UNESCO Award for Scientific Research
The medal of French Aeronautics , Order of Merit and Commander ring
Inventions and discoveries
1910: A mobile platform for aerodynamic experiments, mounted on the side of a train,
running at 90 km/h on the Paris - Saint-Quentin route. Effectively, this gave him a wind
tunnel; using smoke and a photographic camera of his own design, he was able to test
the stability of designs for aeroplane wings.
1910: The Coandă-1910, the world's first thermojet aircraft (which crashed on its only
1911: A two-engine, one-propeller aeroplane.
1911-1914 as technical director of Bristol Aeroplane Company, designed the Bristol-
Probably the most famous of Coandă's discoveries is the Coandă Effect. After the crash
of the "Coandă-1910" aero plane, the first jet propelled airplane in the world, Coandă
observed that flames and incandescent gas emitted by the fire tended to remain close
to the fuselage. After more than 20 years
studying this phenomenon along with his
colleagues, Coandă described what was
later to name the "Coandă Effect". This
effect has been utilized in many aeronautical
inventions and is crucial to successful
Alina Cojocaru (born 27th May
1981) is a female principal
dancer with The Royal Ballet
Alina Cojocaru was born and
raised in Bucharest,
Romania. She has one
sister. From a young age
Later she began ballet
classes, despite never
having seen a live ballet.
Alina Cojocaru was chosen (with 8 other
Romanian students) by the director of the
Kiev Ballet school to take part in a student
exchange. She didn’t speak any Russian.
The ballet school gave a public performance every six
months and it was in one of these performances that
Cojocaru made her debut, dancing the role of Amor in
In January 1997, aged 16, she competed in the Prix de
Lausanne, a prestigious international ballet competition.
She won the gold medal, winning a six month
scholarship to train at the Royal Ballet School in
London. She moved to London that same year to
commence her training, but did not speak any English.
In 2001 she was promoted to Principal at the Royal
Ballet in London.
Superstar Angela Gheorghiu, the most
glamorous and gifted opera singer of
our time, was born in the small
Romanian town Adjud. From early
childhood it was obvious that she will
become a singer, her destiny was the
music. She attended the Music School
in Bucharest and graduated from the
Bucharest Music Academy, where she
studied with the remarkable music
teacher Mia Barbu. Ms. Gheorghiu’s
magnificent voice and dazzling stage
presence have established her as a
unique international opera superstar.
Angela Gheorghiu made her international debut
in 1992 at Covent Garden with La Bohème. In the
same year she made her debut in the
Metropolitan Opera New York and in the
Staatsoper Vienna. It was in the Royal Opera
House Covent Garden that she first sang her
much acclaimed La Traviata in 1994.
At one rehearsal the
conductor Sir Georg Solti
said: “I was in tears. I
had to go out. The girl is
wonderful. She can do