Unit 6
Imperialism and nationalism
Social Studies – ESO-4
2
Imperialism and nationalism
• Congress of Vienna
• Liberals and nationalists
• Revolutions in 1820 and 1830
• 1848 revol...
3
Imperialism and nationalism
• Congress of Vienna (1815)
• Austria, Russia, Prussia, Great Britain and
France were powerf...
4
Imperialism and nationalism
• Congress of Vienna (1815)
•
5
Imperialism and nationalism
• Liberals and Nationalists
• Liberals → greater freedom
• Nationalists → same race in one c...
6
Imperialism and nationalism
• Revolutions in 1830
• France – Charles X (no Carta Otorgada) –
Philippe de Orleans new kin...
7
Imperialism and nationalism
• Revolutions in 1848
• Economic crisis – social & political tensions
(bad harvests and expe...
8
Imperialism and nationalism
• 1848 was a turning point
• New Constitutions with universal
male suffrage (France) &
liber...
9
Imperialism and nationalism
• Scramble for Africa
• In 1870 most of Africa was
independent
• 1870-1900 race to colonise ...
10
Imperialism and nationalism
• European influence:
• France → West Africa, Tunisia
• Belgium → Congo Free State
• Britai...
11
Imperialism and nationalism
• Different types of colonies:
• Colonies – directly ruled by a governor
• Protectorates – ...
12
Imperialism and nationalism
• Imperalism in Asia
• Different from Africa –
well established
civilisation &
population
•...
13
Imperialism and nationalism
• Imperalism in Asia
• England (1st
) – India, Hong-Kong...
• France (2nd
) – Southeast Asi...
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Unit 6 - Imperialism and Nationalism

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Unit 6 - Imperialism and Nationalism

  1. 1. Unit 6 Imperialism and nationalism Social Studies – ESO-4
  2. 2. 2 Imperialism and nationalism • Congress of Vienna • Liberals and nationalists • Revolutions in 1820 and 1830 • 1848 revolution • Scramble for Africa • Different types of colonies
  3. 3. 3 Imperialism and nationalism • Congress of Vienna (1815) • Austria, Russia, Prussia, Great Britain and France were powerful • Grand Alliance→Austria, Prussia, Russia and Britain→defeat of Napoleon • Vienna settlement →balance of power • Buffer states (Cordon sanitaire) for no future French expansion • New alliances: • The Quadruple Alliance(Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia) • The Holy Alliance (Prussia, Russia & France)
  4. 4. 4 Imperialism and nationalism • Congress of Vienna (1815) •
  5. 5. 5 Imperialism and nationalism • Liberals and Nationalists • Liberals → greater freedom • Nationalists → same race in one country • Revolutions in 1820 & 1830 • In 1920 Riego rebelled against Ferdinand VII in Spain → Holy Alliance sent an army and absolutism was re-established • Revolution succeeded in Greece
  6. 6. 6 Imperialism and nationalism • Revolutions in 1830 • France – Charles X (no Carta Otorgada) – Philippe de Orleans new king • Belgium became independent from Holland
  7. 7. 7 Imperialism and nationalism • Revolutions in 1848 • Economic crisis – social & political tensions (bad harvests and expensive food) • Revolutionaries: liberalism & nationalism • Europe = collection of states ruled by absolute monarchs • Fundamental change - new ideas: • Liberalism – human rights & freedoms • Nationalism: same race & language → fundamental change • Revolutions spread: Italy, German states, Austria...
  8. 8. 8 Imperialism and nationalism • 1848 was a turning point • New Constitutions with universal male suffrage (France) & liberalism • Austria – end of feudalism • Division nationalism & liberalism
  9. 9. 9 Imperialism and nationalism • Scramble for Africa • In 1870 most of Africa was independent • 1870-1900 race to colonise it. • Interest in African resources • New markets • Rivalry • Strategic importance • Missionaries (Protestant & Catholic)
  10. 10. 10 Imperialism and nationalism • European influence: • France → West Africa, Tunisia • Belgium → Congo Free State • Britain → Egypt, Uganda & Rhodesia • Germany → East Africa • Italy → Somalia & Ethiopia • Famous explorers: Livingstone, Cook, Stanley, Rhodes...
  11. 11. 11 Imperialism and nationalism • Different types of colonies: • Colonies – directly ruled by a governor • Protectorates – ruled domestically but foreign affairs and defense is ceded • Dominions – had significant freedom
  12. 12. 12 Imperialism and nationalism • Imperalism in Asia • Different from Africa – well established civilisation & population • Control over seaports & trade • Indirect domination through local aristocracy in India & Indonesia
  13. 13. 13 Imperialism and nationalism • Imperalism in Asia • England (1st ) – India, Hong-Kong... • France (2nd ) – Southeast Asia • Portugal, Spain & Holland (early) • Germany & Italy (late) • The USA – Caribbean & Philippines • Japan - (1st Asian coloniser) – Korea • China was forced into Opium Trade by European powers (England, Germany, Russia & Japan) • Increased emigration from Europe to other parts of the world.

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