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Unit 4 - The Directory

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Unit for 4º ESO

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Unit 4 - The Directory

  1. 1. Unit 4 The Directory Social Studies – ESO-4
  2. 2. 2 The Directory Introduction ➔ 1794 Terror ended ➔ Jacobins & sans-cullottes out of power ➔ Moderate government needed ➔ The Directory was chosen: ➔ 5 directors ➔ Problems: ➔ No money – expensive wars ➔ Food shortages ➔ Defeated army ➔ Plots against government
  3. 3. 3 The Directory ➔ Problems with the Directory ➔ A general was chosen – Napoleon Bonaparte ➔ Napoleon Bonaparte ➔ Born in Corsica in 1769 ➔ Successful general and diplomatic ➔ Crowned Emperor in 1804 ➔ New law system – Napoleonic Code ➔ Britain was the opponent – Trafalgar defeat ➔ England helped his enemies in Europe ➔ 1812 – failure in Russia ➔ Exile to Elba - 1814
  4. 4. 4 The Directory
  5. 5. 5 The Directory ➔ Back to France for 100 days ➔ Defeat in Waterloo ➔ Exile in St. Helen
  6. 6. 6 The Directory Napoleon in Spain ➔ Spain was force to be France's ally ➔ Joseph Bonaparte became king ➔ In 1808 people in Madrid started an insurrection ➔ Spain was divided ➔ England backed a Spain without Napoleon ➔ 1812 Spanish Constitution in Cádiz (La Pepa) ➔ Ferdinand VII – absolute king again
  7. 7. 7 The Directory ➔ Changes in France under Napoleon ➔ The education system ➔ Primary, secondary, lycee & technical schools ➔ Government ➔ Emperor of France ➔ 2 National Assemblies ➔ All men could vote ➔ Laws made by the Assemblies
  8. 8. 8 The Directory ➔ Changes in France under Napoleon ➔ Society ➔ No feudalism ➔ Catholic church restored ➔ Stability to nobility(“legion of honour” ➔ New roads, canals, bridges ➔ Memorials ➔ Concordat
  9. 9. 9 The Directory ➔ The Code Napoleon ➔ No feudal rights ➔ Trial by jury ➔ Parents – power over children ➔ Wives: ➔ Could not sell/give away property ➔ Only own property with husband's consent ➔ Parents could imprison their children ➔ All people equal by law

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