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Pp3 0-summary of tenses


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This is a summary of the main tenses to be studied in ESO-3-

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Pp3 0-summary of tenses

  1. 1. Tenses (3rd year ESO) Tense Use Useful words Examples Present simple  facts and permanent states  Snow melts at 0ªC.  Water freezes at 32º Fahrenheit.  The weather in Britain is cold and rainy.  habits and routines (unit 1)  stative verbs are not used in the pres. continuous (see, hear, like, think, want, hope, feel, believe, know, understand…) how often…? always / sometimes / often / never / usually / seldom… / on Sundays every day / once a week / twice a month…  Andy lives in Manchester.  David watches television every day.  We often have lunch together.  How often does your mother drive to Madrid?  She doesn’t play tennis on Monday.  We don’t usually come by bus.  1st type conditional (unit 7) if  If I save money, I’ll buy a new mobile phone.  We’ll go dancing if Sue comes with us. Present continuous  actions happening now (unit 1) now / at the moment  He’s watching television at the moment.  future arrangements-definite plans in the defined future (unit 6) a future time expression  Liz is having lunch with her mum tomorrow.  Mark and Tony are playing football on Sunday. Past simple  for completed actions in the past (unit 3) when yesterday / last week in 1993  She didn’t go to the cinema last Saturday.  I was having a shower when the bell rang.  They bought a new detached house in 2001. Past continuous  for actions in progress in the past (unit 4)  stative verbs are not used in continuous tenses while / as at 9 o’clock (any time in the past)  I was having a shower when the bell rang.  It started to rain while I was walking in the park.  What were you doing at 9 o’clock?  I was having breakfast. Present perfect  for actions completed in the past that are still relevant in the present (unit 5) already / yet /just ever this week / today…  It’s twelve o’clock and she’s already eaten her lunch.  We haven’t finished our reports yet.  I’ve passed all my exams. I’m on holiday now.  Have you seen Brokeback Mountain yet?  for actions started in the past that continue up to the present (unit 5) for / since how long…?  How long have you had your car?  I’ve worked in London for two years.  They have spent 100€ since last Saturday. Will future  for instant decisions that we make at the time of speaking (unit 7) I think I’ll / I don’t think I’ll…  I need a holiday; I’ll phone the travel agent’s.  I think I’ll tell my parents about it.  1st type conditional (unit 7) if  If I save money, I’ll buy a new mobile phone. Going to future  For future plans and intentions when we have already decided what to do (unit 6) a future time expression  We’re going to have a picnic in the park tomorrow.  She’s going to play tennis next Monday.  I’m not going to go shopping with her.