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Eso 3-present simple and present continuous (1)

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present simple and present continuous tenses

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Eso 3-present simple and present continuous (1)

  1. 1. ESO- 3 English Department Present simple & present continuous CPI Tino Grandío ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. PRESENT SIMPLE FORM USE EXAMPLES  affirmative: subject + infinitive (+3rd p –(e)s)  negative: subject + don’t/doesn’t + infinitive  question: do/does + subject + infinitive  Remember that we only add the – (e)s in the 3rd person affirmative form  Remember that be is an exception: am / is / are  facts and permanent states.  habits and routines  1st type conditional sentences  stative verbs that are not used in the pres. cont. (see, hear, believe, want, know, understand, think, like, love...)  Key words: how often / always / sometimes / often / never / usually / every day / once a week / twice a month... / if (in conditional sentences)  Snow melts at 0ºC.  Harry lives in Liverpool.  My dog plays football with us.  Daniel washes his jacket every week.  We don’t like football.  She doesn’t understand baseball.  Do you enjoy dining out?  Does Rafael Nadal train in the morning?  If you drink too much you’ll have to go to the toilet. SPELLING OF THE –(E)S ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY SPELLING OF -ING  General rule: +-s: works, dances  Verbs ending in –o + -es: does, goes  Verbs ending in cons+y+ies: studies  Verbs ending in –s, -z, -sh, -ch, -x + -es: misses, buzzes, washes, watches, mixes Always 100% Usually 90% Often 70% Sometimes 40% Seldom 10% Never 0%  General rule +-ing: working, studying  Verbs ending in –e: eing: dancing, living  Monosyllabic verbs vowel+cons.: running, stopping  Two-syllables final stress vowel+cons: referring, beginning  Final –l: lling: travelling  Final –ie: ying: dying, lying Adverbs of frequency are usually placed before the verb (but after verb be: am, is are):  She is always late.  They never come with us but they don’t often stay at home. In questions that start with How often…? The present simple is the usual option:  How often does she go fishing? Every weekend. PRESENT CONTINUOUS FORM USE EXAMPLES  subject + am / is / are + (not) + -ing  Remember the rules for -ing  actions happening at the moment of speaking  Key words: now / at the moment  Actions happening in an immediate future  My sister is watching TV now.  They aren’t listening to me.  I’m not sleeping now.  He’s setting the washing machine.  I’m finishing the exercise this afternoon.  She’s not working tomorrow.

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