Tdc 1 the present perfect

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Tdc 1 the present perfect

  1. 1. TDC 1Pedagogical GrammarThe Present Perfect
  2. 2. Present Perfect• I have studied Chinese since 2006.• I have just finished typing my reports.• I have already been there.• I have watched E.T. five times.• I have finished my chores.Check these examples of the usage of the present perfect.Why is this tense being used?
  3. 3. Present PerfectWhat ELLs Should Know- has / have + past participle- formation of pastparticiples*Singular PluralI have walked we have walkedyou have walked you have walkedhe/she/it has walked they have walkedPast Now FutureX X X X X IVerb Tense Example MeaningPresentPerfectI have studied Chinese since2006.an action that began in the pastand continues to be trueUsage 1Key Wordshow long for + time since + time
  4. 4. Present PerfectPast Now FutureX IVerb Tense Example MeaningPresentPerfectI have just finished typing myreports.recent past action that isrelevant to the current situationUsage 2Past Now Future? IVerb Tense Example MeaningPresent Perfect I have already been there. past experience (indefinite time)Usage 3Key Words: just alreadyKey Words: ever never many times before alreadyVariations- Yet (questions / negatives)- Superlatives- The first, the second...
  5. 5. Present PerfectPast Now FutureX X X X X ... IVerb Tense Example MeaningPresentPerfectI have watched E.T. five times repetition of an action beforenowUsage 4Key Words: six...so far one...this semester a lotUsage 5Verb Tense Example MeaningPresentPerfectI have finished my chores. action at indefinite past timePast Now Future? IWB p 112, 3.3. 12
  6. 6. Present PerfectTypical ELL Errors (Can you correct them?)- I was born here and will die here. I been here my whole life.- Sarah have already completed all the homework.- I have gone to Mexico several times when I was in college.- I lived in this same apartment since 1996.- I know her since childhood.

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