Where Is Away?A Travel Diary of Western Mass Waste Amy Donovan Program Director Franklin County Solid Waste Management District Greenfield, MA
Overview of presentationAbout Franklin County Solid Waste DistrictWhere is “away?”Recycling in Western MassAbout Commercial Composting (CC): theclimate change and farm connectionCC programs: transfer stations, schools,businessesWaste Diversion: Fairs, Festivals, RacesHazardous WasteNext steps = more sustainable in 2012
Franklin County Solid WasteManagement District22 member towns:• 30 schools - 15 public school compost programs• 17 transfer stations - 4 municipal compost programs • (only 9 in entire state) Bernardston Leyden Buckland Montague Charlemont New Salem (CC since 2009) Colrain Northfield (CC since 2008) Conway Orange (CC since 2011) Deerfield Rowe Erving Shelburne Gill Sunderland Hawley Warwick Heath Wendell Leverett Whately (CC since 2003) 1st program in state
Solid Waste District Highlights:Recycling coordinator for Franklin CountyAnnual Household Hazardous Waste DayWhat Do I Do With…? 350 items listed www.franklincountywastedistrict.orgMassRecycle’s Recycler of the Year:www.massrecycle.org Solid Waste District, Municipal Program, 1996 Jan Ameen, Executive Director, 2005 Amy Donovan, Program Director, 2011
Springfield Materials RecyclingFacility (MRF) www.springfieldmrf.orgSolid Waste District on MRF Advisory BoardBoard = annual Reduce, Reuse, Recycle GuideMRF pays 74 western Mass municipalities $15-$45/ton for recyclables
Recycling saves space in landfills.• It’s against the law In Massachusetts to putrecyclable items in the trash.• Most landfills in area will close in 5 years• Expensive to open, use, and close
Trash CombustorsCovanta Energy, Springfield/ Agawam Waste-To-Energy facility Town of Deerfield sends household trash Produces 9.4 megawatts (MW) of energy, of which 7.5 MW is sold to Northeast Utilities. Leftover ash >> landfill Emissions: mercury State: moratorium on new combustors
Composting and Recycling:Save space in landfillsSave energySave moneySave waterSave natural resourcesCreate jobsSlow climate change!
DO NOT recycle: NO paper products with food on them NO paper cups or plates NO napkins, paper towels, tissues NO egg cartons NO hardcover books NO copy paper wrappers NO PLASTIC BAGS, plastic wrappers or packaging!
Our paper recycling is:Sent to Newark Mills, Fitchburg, MA78 Western MA communities recycle32,000 tons a year.Made into board games andhard book covers.Guess what book’s cover was madeentirely from Western MA paperrecycling?......
Recycle metal, glass, and plastic containers = “Cans and Bottles” Empty food and liquids. Rinse when possible.
Recycle metal: Aluminum cans, tin cans and lids, aluminum foil, aluminum pie plates and aluminum trays ___________________________ NO paint cans or haz waste spray cans
Recycle glass: Glass bottles and jars of all colors ______________________ NO light bulbs, dishes, glasses
Recycle cartons:Juice boxes, juice & soy milk cartons, soup boxes, milk cartons Recycle with other containers, NOT with paper. Throw away caps and straws. ___________________________ NO Capri Sun pouches
Recycle plastic:Plastic bottles,jars,tubs,and jugsFood, soap, and beverage containers only!
DO NOT recycle this plastic: NO Styrofoam NO: NO small items (plastic utensils, straws) NO PLASTIC BAGS, wrap NO plastic cups, plates, utensils NO butter, packets NO compostable plastics No compostable water bottles!
Be careful with plastic bags: they blow away and harm wildlife and the environment!At the recycling factory: Plastic bags cause accidents if they get wrapped around sorting equipment. Recycle in stores only! NOT in regular recycling programs!
Home composting Home composting is different than at school: YES: compost fruit, vegetables, bread, leaves NO: meat, bones, cheese! (animal products) NO: milk cartons, paper Save $ on trash disposal, buying soil/ fertilizer
Commercial Composting“Commercial Composting”=“Organics Recycling”=“On-Farm”=“Food Waste”…goes way beyond the backyard bin!
Commercial Composting accepts materials previously destined for trash = less trashAcceptable materials: All food including items not composted at home: Meat, chicken, fish, bones, dairy, fats, oils (+ bread, veggies, fruits) All paper including non recyclable: Paper cups, paper plates, napkins, paper towels, waxed cardboard, waxed paper, soiled pizza boxes, soiled paper, soiled paper bags, flour/ sugar bags, egg cartons Wood: skewers, chopsticks, coffee stirrers, sporks “Compostable plastic:” PLA cups, certain bags NO plastic, metal, glass, foil, etc.!
Compost is good for plants:• adds nutrients to soil• reduces need to water• replaces chemical fertilizers Farmland Finished compost
CC’s benefits to participatingorganizations and planet:Save money on tipping fees: Trash: $75/ ton Compostables: $45/ tonReduce trash dumpster size or reduce pickups andsave on trash disposal /hauling costsSupports local commercial composting facilities/farms = local businessSaves space in landfillsCreates valuable soil out of wasteMitigates climate change!
Composting helps slowClimate ChangeClimate Change is caused by greenhouse gases inour atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases: Carbon Dioxide Methane Nitrous Oxide
• When food waste (and paper) decay in a landfill, methane is The Climate Changereleased (due to anaerobic conditions). Connection• Methane is a greenhouse gas 23 times more potent thancarbon dioxide.• Landfill Gas Recovery not always a solution. Methane pipe at a landfill
Why doesn’t composting release methane? Becauseoxygen is part of the composting process (aerobic).There is no oxygen in a landfill (anaerobic). More info: www.cool2012.com
Martin’s Farm in Greenfield accepts compost from schools: Deerfield Academy, Pioneer HS, Mohawk HS, Turners Falls HS Deerfield ES, Erving ES, Sunderland ES, Amherst, more..Windrow turnerat Martin’s Farm, transferGreenfield, MA stations: Northampton, Northfield, markets: Big Y stores, Greenfield Stop & Shop, Greenfields Market, plus restaurants…
Whately Transfer Station:first municipal program in the state
Northfield Transfer Station: 2 yd dumpsterSaves town $1,384/ year
School composting 2 yard compost dumpsterGill Elementary: food, milkcartons, paper in greencompostable bagSchool kitchens compost foodprep trimmings, expired food.
Shelburne FallsCompost CollaborativeBlue Rock Restaurant, The Baker’s Oven,Mocha Maya’s, Mo’s Fudge Factor, West End Pub• Shared compost dumpster• Cost is shared according to volume• Food waste, napkins, paper towels, cardboard
Solid WasteDistrict’sSpecial Event BinLoaner Program Pictured: Recycling Volunteers at Conway Festival of the Hills
Franklin County Fair25,000 attendees, 4 day Fair2011 Fair: 29% diversion rate50% savings: disposal costs Volunteers needed! - Green Fair, next weekend - FC Fair, Sept. 8-11 - Community Service hours!
These hazardous items should notbe put in trash:Household hazardous waste, motor oilOil paintFluorescent light bulbsCell phones + batteriesBatteries: button, lithium, rechargeable (take toHome Depot/ Radio Shack)“E-waste” (computers, phones, printers, etc.) Google “60 Minutes e-waste” Take to Staples, Best Buy
Mercury Thermostats & Thermometers: … should never be thrown in the trash. They contain mercury, which is toxic. … can be brought to the Franklin County Solid Waste Management District office at 50 Miles St. in Greenfieldand be properly disposed of for no charge.(413-772-2438)…call your municipality to see if accepted.Also, CFLs, batteries, cell phones, e-waste….
Next Steps: Increasing Sustainability in 20122012 Reduce, Reuse Recycle GuideEducate DA community about composting + recyclingIdentify and address gaps in recycling on campusRecycle batteries, phones, e-waste, CFLsReduce disposables, increase reusablesSupport Expanded Bottle Bill:massbottlebill.blogspot.comMake manufacturers responsible for waste: Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) www.productpolicy.org Product Stewardship: www.productstewardship.us
Questions? Amy Donovan, Program Director Franklin County Solid Waste Management District Member, Springfield MRF Advisory Board 50 Miles Street, Greenfield, MA 01301 (413) 772-2438 firstname.lastname@example.org www.franklincountywastedistrict.org