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2018: Effects of Plastic Pollution on Land and Water

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Plastic pollution is threatening life on land and life under water. The presentation shows the effects of plastics on life on land and life under water. Additionally, it shows simple steps on how to avoid Single-use plastics.

Published in: Environment
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2018: Effects of Plastic Pollution on Land and Water

  1. 1. END PLASTIC POLLUTION POWER SHIFT 2018 Joshua Amponsem www.greenafricayouth.com | 233541688618
  2. 2. Blog: www.amponsem.wordpress.com Twitter: www.twitter.com/AmponsemJoshua Facebook: www.facebook.com/amponsem
  3. 3. Outline • What is Plastic? - What is Plastic Pollution? • Impact of Plastic Pollution - Terrestrial and Marine Biodiversity • Plastic Use and Human Health - Toxins • What Can We Do? - Say No to Plastics
  4. 4. What is Plastic? • Plastics are made from Crude Oil. Although there are new inventions where plastics are made from non- oil sources, 99% of plastics are produced from fossil fuel chemicals. • Discovered in 1856 – from natural sources, revolutionized in 1950 – discovery of polypropylene and polyethylene. • The Linear Chain: Oil Rich Countries – Ghana – Production (300t/d) – Usage – End of Life – 80% pollution – 20% Collected – 25% recycled – Shredded Exported to China.
  5. 5. Plastic Production and Pollution
  6. 6. What is Plastic Pollution? •When plastics are disposed inappropriately into the natural environment. •Physically causing hazards, and chemically releasing toxins to the ecosystem as plastics are made of crude oil.
  7. 7. What is Plastic Pollution?
  8. 8. Impact on Life on Land • When left in soils have an impact on soil fertility and plant growth • Breaks down and form part of the soil and can induce landslides • Kills life on land
  9. 9. Impact on Life on Land
  10. 10. • Physical and Chemical Impact on Aquatic Life and Ecosystem • Physical – Causes death and injuries via ingestion, trapping, suffocating, and more. • Chemical - PCBs and BPA – carcinogenic, immune system breakdown, hormonal dysfunction. • Water is a catalyst for chemical reaction in hot-temperatures Impact on Life Under Water
  11. 11. Impact on Life Under Water
  12. 12. Impact on Life Under Water
  13. 13. • All effects on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems combined. Humans are dependent on or environment. When the environment is polluted, we are automatically at risk. Plastic Use and Human Health
  14. 14. Plastic Use and Human Health
  15. 15. What Can We Do
  16. 16. What Can We Do
  17. 17. • Avoid Single-Use Plastics. Here is how: • Carry a cotton/reusable bag • Carry a reusable water bottle • Sit and Eat: don’t take away • Carry your own bowl for take away • Carry reusable cutlery always • No Straws!!! • Refuse unnecessary plastic packaging • Ultimately, SAY NO TO PLASTICS! What Can We Do
  18. 18. What if this was you? • Sea Turtle with Straw in its nostril • https://youtu.be/4wH878t78bw • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VRiTABRQOjk
  19. 19. You & I Did This Over 200 straws and cutlery collected at a 100meter beach stretch in Ghana. 13/05/2018
  20. 20. #EndPlasticPollution #PlasticFreeGhana Join the campaign now

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