FEUDAL EUROPE              troubled The beginning of a and dangerous lifestyle.http://web.educastur.princast.es/proyectos/...
Origins• Death of Charlemagne in 814, last Emperor of Western Roman Empire• Wars between succesors• Muslim invasion in the...
Why do Kings lose power?• Cannot defend their territory on their own• Give land (fief) in exchange for allegiance to the c...
Who took decisions then?•Royal Council formed by: •Nobles •Ecclesiastical authorities
Key words, match themEnglish                 Spanish• fief                  • alianza• feudal Lord           • reserva• wo...
Key words, match themEnglish                 Spanish• fief                  • alianza• feudal Lord           • reserva• wo...
Monty Python - clip                            True or false?     http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=fvwp&NR=1&v=5X     ...
Who are they? Who are the two priviledgedestates?                   nobleclergyman                             peasant
The fief• Feudal economy based on agriculture• Fief was a large area of land• Owners were lords:  • king, nobles or the cl...
Place vocabulary in the correct place                                                       Demesne                     Th...
Who are they? Who are the two priviledgedestates?                   nobleclergyman                             peasant
Social classes: the three ESTATESNobility                               Clergy• Military duty                        • Rel...
What were the social relationships like?                      • Translate the speech bubble:
What were the social relationships like?                      • Translate the speech bubble:                              ...
What about the peasants?                                                   What is the                                    ...
The fief - organisation
Feudalism in Europe:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7LtbFQEXRBUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Je_KwUUP7l8
Feudal-vassal relationship -Bond                          Lords Vassals
In most of medieval Europe, society wasdependent on the "feudal" system, which wasbased on allocation of land in return fo...
Feudal europe
Feudal europe
Feudal europe
Feudal europe
Feudal europe
Feudal europe
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Feudal europe

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Introduction to Feudal Europe

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Feudal europe

  1. 1. FEUDAL EUROPE troubled The beginning of a and dangerous lifestyle.http://web.educastur.princast.es/proyectos/jimena/pj_isabelan/doc/amedia.htm
  2. 2. Origins• Death of Charlemagne in 814, last Emperor of Western Roman Empire• Wars between succesors• Muslim invasion in the South• Viking attacks in Central Europe• Other invasions (Bulgarians, Hungarians and Slavs)
  3. 3. Why do Kings lose power?• Cannot defend their territory on their own• Give land (fief) in exchange for allegiance to the crown (an oath of loyalty)• Nobles (counts and dukes) governed their own territories with absolute independence
  4. 4. Who took decisions then?•Royal Council formed by: •Nobles •Ecclesiastical authorities
  5. 5. Key words, match themEnglish Spanish• fief • alianza• feudal Lord • reserva• woods • mansos• allegiance • bosques• pastures • cosecha• harvest • estamentos• demesne • pastos• holdings • Señor feudal• estates • feudo
  6. 6. Key words, match themEnglish Spanish• fief • alianza• feudal Lord • reserva• woods • mansos• allegiance • bosques• pastures • cosecha• harvest • estamentos• demesne • pastos• holdings • Señor feudal• estates • feudo
  7. 7. Monty Python - clip True or false? http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=fvwp&NR=1&v=5X d_zkMEgkI1. The 1st peasant is an old woman 1. False2. The king says he was voted to be king 2. False3. Peasant 2 is not happy with his social status 3. True4. The lord of the manor appears to receive the king 4. False5. The peasants look wealthy and healthy 5. False6. The lord expects respect 6. True Could you correct the false statements? 1) No, he is a 34 year old man 2) No, he says he got his sword & crown by divine power 4) No, he does not appear at all 5) No, they look poor and unhealthy
  8. 8. Who are they? Who are the two priviledgedestates? nobleclergyman peasant
  9. 9. The fief• Feudal economy based on agriculture• Fief was a large area of land• Owners were lords: • king, nobles or the clergy• Land divided in: • Demesne used by the lord with: • residence • land for cultivation • pastures • woods for hunting • Holdings small plots rented by the peasants, payment was: • 10% of harvest to the lord • work in demesne
  10. 10. Place vocabulary in the correct place Demesne The fief The fief Woods Holdings Holdings Castle Communal pastures Village PasturesDemesne Woods Village Plots Wind Pasture Windmill mill Castle Plots
  11. 11. Who are they? Who are the two priviledgedestates? nobleclergyman peasant
  12. 12. Social classes: the three ESTATESNobility Clergy• Military duty • Religious duty• Defended their territory • Prayed for the souls of the• Did not pay taxes population • Did not pay taxes Peasants • Providers duty, produced foods and goods • Carried out manual work • Paid taxes • Had not priviledges
  13. 13. What were the social relationships like? • Translate the speech bubble:
  14. 14. What were the social relationships like? • Translate the speech bubble: • Señor, los campesinos dicen que simplemente les explotas.
  15. 15. What about the peasants? What is the expression in English?• They had to seek protection from nobles, they became their vassals - protección• They worked the land - ligados/atados - siervos• They were the majority of the population - vasallos• They paid taxes on their produce - tierra - impuestos• Some were free men and some serfs (tied to the - mayoría land) - buscar
  16. 16. The fief - organisation
  17. 17. Feudalism in Europe:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7LtbFQEXRBUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Je_KwUUP7l8
  18. 18. Feudal-vassal relationship -Bond Lords Vassals
  19. 19. In most of medieval Europe, society wasdependent on the "feudal" system, which wasbased on allocation of land in return for service.The king would give out grants of land to hismost important noblemen (barons and bishops),and each noble would have to promise to loyallyfollow him and supply him with soldiers in timeof war. They did this at a special - kneelingbefore the king, he swore an oath with thewords "Sire, I become your man." The noblesthen divided their land among lower lords, orknights who also had to become theirvassals(servants). In the lowest spot in societysat the peasants who worked on the land itself.They had almost no rights, tiny pieces ofproperty - and no vassals

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