Amman think green

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Ruby Uytenhaak /Architectenbureau

1-Sustainability : quality of life
2-urgency to analise, monitor and control urban sprawl > distribution of agriculture/cityculture
3-Density: Distribution of mass/capacity + void/space on different levels
4-laws of density: the dynamics of footprintmanagement and stacking
5-Low rise high density: a promising option for cities
6 atractive cities: distribution and proximity of qualities

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Amman think green

  1. 1. 1-Sustainability : quality of life 2-urgency to analise, monitor and control urban sprawl > distribution of agriculture/cityculture 3-Density: Distribution of mass/capacity + void/space on different levels 4-laws of density: the dynamics of footprintmanagement and stacking 5-Low rise high density: a promising option for cities 6 atractive cities: distribution and proximity of qualities1.Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity +capacitysolutions qualitysolutions quality + diversity1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions scale 3. + scale 3. + diversity
  2. 2. In order to get wealthier cities in à healthy world we have toReduce fossil consumption, reduce transport and reduce corruptionImprove work/living by water- better food + control of waste1.Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity +capacitysolutions qualitysolutions quality + diversity1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions scale 3. + scale 3. + diversity
  3. 3. Improve work and living by communication+ culture and intelligence/knowledge1.Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity +capacitysolutions qualitysolutions quality + diversity1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions scale 3. + scale 3. + diversity
  4. 4. Sustainability is since Al Gore related to climatechange CO2 and especially to (fossil) energy. Water, food, space, biodiversity are at least as important > “ Preventing entropy”.1.Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity +capacitysolutions qualitysolutions quality + diversity1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions scale 3. + scale 3. + diversity
  5. 5. Energy in fact , in the sunny Middle East and Africa is not the problem. There is plenty solarenergy for energy and even for cooling. ? Water is the problem! Needed surface of sun Drying Cooling powerfields with with the the sun sun context energy_ water harvesting water by PV powered chiller ?1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  6. 6. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity Waterbox Groasis
  7. 7. Growth of inhabitants Amman: 2010: 2.800.000 1924: 2000 >2040: 14.000.000 1945: 50.0001. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  8. 8. Amman is a city that developped in no time from a nomad settlement at theedge of an fertile area to a metropolitain city attempting more and more anagraricultural and ecological important landscape.1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  9. 9. Example of the embassee West Amman : getting stoned1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  10. 10. lung obesitas Growth of Leiden Growth of Leiden anno 1900: 3% build up area anno 2005: 30% build up area1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  11. 11. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  12. 12. Development needed space in the Netherlands 1900-2000 Factor 3: three times as much inhabitants Factor 2: average of people pro dwelling is half as much Factor 2: the average dwelling twice as big Factor 12: 3x 2x 2 three times as much inhabitants live with half as much inhabitants in dwellings that are twice as big And the space around the dwelling has doubled > Factor 241. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  13. 13. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  14. 14. Knowledge and the modern paradigm1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  15. 15. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  16. 16. Distribution of space and mass “if the wonder of density is in function the city is full of space.”1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  17. 17. From plot to region each level has its own Fsi1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  18. 18. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  19. 19. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  20. 20. GSI = GSI = GSI = GSI = 1.0 0.50 0.75 0.12 GSI = GSI = GSI = GSI = GSI = L=1 L=2 L = 1.33 L=8 0.25 L 0.50 L 0.50 L 0.75 L 0.12 LFSI = FSI = =4 =2 =2 = 1.33 =81.0 1.0Variating buildup percentages and stackings with similar FSi1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  21. 21. 0,45*4=1,8/15=12% 2*4 op 3*5 8/15=53%1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  22. 22. Bij het toevoegen van een verdieping aan een blok met een diepte van 10 meter verdubbelt de FSI bijna. immers de verdubbeling van de straatbreedte vergroot het terrein > verlaagt de GSI en reduceert daarmee de FSI met ca 20%1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  23. 23. Angle of light and penetration into volume1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  24. 24. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  25. 25. 1.Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity +capacitysolutions qualitysolutions quality + diversity1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions scale 3. + scale 3. + diversity
  26. 26. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  27. 27. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  28. 28. strategies for spatial optimalisation and densifying level planarea level buildingblock niveau woning Submitted ground Submitted ground Optimizing profile Loss on level plots FSi lots Fsi lots for grid in lots inside block urban plan + mass Lotsize dwellingsize 50% 85%1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  29. 29. Densityrange in Fsi plot and dwellingtypes groundbounded Hybrids Hybrids stacked Hybrids appartements Groudrelated stacked+ light Small house 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,7 2 and/or big lot 3floors 3floors 4floors 4floors 5floors 40% 43% 35% 43% 40% Dense 4floors 4floors 4floors 4floors 6floors 40% 50% 57% 60% 60% Big house 2,3 2,5 3,5 1,6 2 and/or small lots1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  30. 30. Dwellinglibrary - milieus groundbounded grondgebounded - stacked appartements grondbounded - flexible groundrelated - stacked Grondaccesible-app 1,2 1,3 1,4 2 3verd 40% 3verd 43% 4verd 35% 4verd 43% 5verd 40%FSI +Space occupancy - 4verd 40% 4verd 50% 4verd 57% 4verd 60% 6verd 60% 2 2,3 2,5 3,5dwellingtypes 1,61. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  31. 31. Dwellinglibrary – living quality groundbounded grondgebounded - stacked appartements grondbounded - flexible groundrelated - stacked Grondaccesible-appFSI +Space occupancy -dwellingtypes1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  32. 32. Dwellinglibrary - outdoorspace groundbounded grondgebounded - stacked appartements grondbounded - flexible groundrelated - stacked Grondaccesible-appFSI +Space occupancy -dwellingtypes1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  33. 33. Streetcity Gardencity Parkcity Borneo island amsterdam Minimal public park/green Maximum public park/green1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  34. 34. The making off 100dwellings/ha 10x 7x1 7x1 10 1m 1m m1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  35. 35. Borneo: 6 dwellings pro 9,60 (1,6m/dwelling) >>>>>>>>7woningen op 8,40 (1,2) > 133% Ca 140 dwellings net /ha1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  36. 36. 5 4 3 2 6 71. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  37. 37. 1 1 2 3 4 3 4 5 5 6 7 6 71. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 45*4,2m 3. solutions quality + diversity
  38. 38. Bongerd: 75 dwellings pro acre Fsiweefsel= 11. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  39. 39. NB 3-kap is onderverdeeld in met/zonder drive-in! (WIJZIGING) Bongerd - WONINGDIFFERENTIATIE - d.d. 27 september 2002 TOETSING GRONDBESLAG EN WONINGAANTAL PER WOONGEBIED WOONGEBIED 1-kap 2-kap 3-kap-1 3-kap-2 4-VS 6-VS 6-VS-cp 6-SH 7-VS 8-VS 8-SH StV-vs StV-sh TUIN PT diversen w oningen grondbeslag Woongebied A 3 50 33 9 72 42 18 36 0 0 80 60 0 3 4 0 403 43355 % totaal/type 19% 36% 73% 9% 27% 41% 50% 21% #DEEL/0! 0% 29% 14% 0% 27% 27% Woongebied G 4 12 3 3 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 30 4812 % totaal/type 25% 9% 7% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% #DEEL/0! 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 13% Woongebied B 1 18 3 15 56 18 6 30 0 8 40 23 0 2 3 0 218 27837 % totaal/type 6% 13% 7% 15% 21% 18% 17% 17% #DEEL/0! 25% 15% 6% 0% 18% 20% Woongebied C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 0 0 0 0 25 1500 % totaal/type 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% #DEEL/0! 0% 0% 6% 0% 0% 0% Woongebied D 4 36 6 33 84 24 12 60 0 16 72 79 0 3 2 0 426 42769 % totaal/type 25% 26% 13% 33% 32% 24% 33% 34% #DEEL/0! 50% 26% 19% 0% 27% 13% Woongebied E 1 10 0 15 12 0 0 18 0 0 32 71 21 1 1 0 180 14395 % totaal/type 6% 7% 0% 15% 5% 0% 0% 10% #DEEL/0! 0% 12% 17% 100% 9% 7% Woongebied F 3 14 0 24 32 18 0 30 0 8 48 159 0 2 3 0 336 28550 % totaal/type 19% 10% 0% 24% 12% 18% 0% 17% #DEEL/0! 25% 18% 38% 0% 18% 20% TOTAAL 1-kap 2-kap 3-kap-1 3-kap-2 4-VS 6-VS 6-VS-cp 6-SH 7-VS 8-VS 8-SH StV-vs StV-sh TUIN PT diversen w oningen grondbeslag Ruimtebeslag 210 330 420 420 470 560 560 520 600 610 570 60 50 225 360 163218 Aantal blok k en 16 70 15 33 66 17 6 29 0 4 34 417 21 11 15 Aantal woningen 16 140 45 99 264 102 36 174 0 32 272 417 21 1618 woninge 3360 23100 6300 13860 31020 9520 3360 15080 0 2440 19380 25020 1050 2475 5400 7546 Sociale huur 0 0 0 0 0 0 174 0 0 272 0 21 467 28,86% Vrije sector 16 140 99 264 102 36 0 0 32 0 417 0 1106 68,36% Straatparkeren PT straat w ig bezoek TOTAAL excl.PT Prive-parkeren 1135 Parkeergarages Aanbod 176 250 34 162 622 446 Erf 831 0,51 pp/w o Ensembles Vraag 176 272 162 610 434 Drive-in 222 0,14 pp/w o P-7 voor 7-k ap NB Het aanbod overtreft de vraag: MARGE! Carport 82 0,05 pp/w o P-7 voor anderen Woningtype 1-kap 2-kap 3-kap 3-kap 4-kap 6-kap 6-cp 6-kap 7-kap 8-kap 8-kap stadsvillastadsvilla Tuin en ruimtebeslag* 210 330 420 420 470 560 560 520 600 610 570 60 50 225 360 Ruimtebeslag is indicatief 200 320 420 420 465 560 560 510 585 610 570 60 46 200 6260 WOONGEBIED A 1-kap 2-kap 3-kap-1 3-kap-2 4-VS 6-VS 6-VS-cp 6-SH 7-VS 8-VS 8-SH StV-vs StV-sh TUIN PT extra w oningen grondbeslag A1 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 60 0 0 1 82 6260 A2 (tuin) 1 4 2 0 3 1 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 55 62251. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  40. 40. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity De Bongerd, Amsterdam
  41. 41. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  42. 42. Veltmanstraat 120app > 162 dwellings with 70 lowrise! +92 appartments 135%1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  43. 43. 92 appartments 70 lowrise!Veltmanstraat 135%1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversityvoorbeelden
  44. 44. 92 appartments 70 lowrise!Veltmanstraat 120app > 162 dwellings with 70 lowrise! 92 appartments 135%1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  45. 45. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  46. 46. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  47. 47. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  48. 48. v1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  49. 49. v1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  50. 50. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  51. 51. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  52. 52. The paradox of the city is: diversity and density of qualities results in space in the form of chances.1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  53. 53. The urgency of an enduringing attractive city to make people become happier sand to gain a public landscape is evident. economic, social and cultural changes that have the city as an engine of these changes, Increasingly drive cities an attractive and sustainable alternative to the massively overgrown suburban landscape Because of earth, prosperity, welfare and environmental wealth intensifying the quality of our cities is desirable.1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  54. 54. Is the attractivity of a city based on economiy and efficiency?1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  55. 55. Urban attractiveness is based on diversity, which leads to interaction between different identities and possibilities to reflect oneself give to others and their choices.1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  56. 56. Proximity makes the essence of a city Space for individuals and the public1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  57. 57. The paradox of the city is: diversity en density of qualities results in space in the form of chances.1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  58. 58. Plenty of people wish to live in healthy cities, and they are willing to spend a lot to reach that. Up to the moment that we dont offer them much!1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  59. 59. The city is an eminent cultural product, an accumulation of human capital and energy, in euros but mainly in experiences, stories, ideas, relationships, services and goods, memories and aspirations: past and future1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  60. 60. 1-Sustainability : quality of lifeAs an architect, I am interested in quality of life by quality of spaceAs a civilian or urban nomadI wish cities to be healthy places with a wealth of food and knowledge (without corruption) so chances to devellop yourself as afellowcivillian in coexperience with other peopleCollective freedom, integrity and equalityThat’s why I, as an architect, hope to contribute to cities full of spaceThat’s why I believe in sustainabilityThat’s why I think that food, and doesnt that mean water, éducation and work is perhaps even more important then our aim for renewableenergy. Blue gold more important then black gold. Up to now water delivered diversity of life (soil/fertile ground) and oil to muchinequality (polluted air)In order to get wealthier cities in a healthy world we have toreduce fossil consumption, reduce transport and reduce corruption/speculation (ground)Improve work and living by better- food- communication-culture and intelligence/knowledge2-urgency to analise, monitor and control urban sprawl > distribution of agri/city-cultureAs more people move to cities and steadily live in larger spaces, cities are expanding. Most of time they extend occupying fertile landwhich originally formed their original basis.Thats why we should invest in cities full of space, thats to say densely used land, providing people acces and proximity to chances, whilemaximising the ecosphere.3-Distribution of mass/capacity + void/space on different levelsI would advocate here a mix of sky and groundscrapersGroundscrapers like corals and vertical farming.‘Cities full of space’ that enhance and emphasize :Water, parks and vertical farming together with a rich and great capacity to house people and their activities + institutions in à way thatthey are closely related to each other without feeling stressed or compressed.4-laws of density: the dynamics of footprintmanagement and stacking5- Low rise high density: a promising option for cities6 atractive cities: distribution and proximity of qualitiesAt the TUD we studied intensity in capacity and quality >1. as urban plans easily lose much of their density if you zoom out, the issue of areal density and scale of the area is crucialdefragmentation of footprint1.we develloped laws of density fundamental - Urban fabrics and light- scale and - excersizing lowrisehighdensity - quality=diversity.2 Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  61. 61. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  62. 62. portfolio1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  63. 63. 1. Urgency - analysis space for livingsolutions quality + diversity 2 solutions capacity + scale 3.
  64. 64. To do Foto onderzoeksmaquettes Ook kleintjes meenemen/ Studies> inzicht Stacking is half of the truth>1.Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity +capacitysolutions qualitysolutions quality + diversity1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions scale 3. + scale 3. + diversity
  65. 65. Breedstraat (Lapjesmarkt) Utrecht 12,5 a 15m breed urgentie kennis > visie voorbeelden1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  66. 66. urgency knowledge vision examples1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  67. 67. 1 2 3 1 Reinvent the public realm of cityspace; the public domain.1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  68. 68. 1 2 3 2 Reinvent the public realm of cityspace; the public domain.1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  69. 69. 1 2 3 3 Herwin de openbaarheid van de stadsruimte; het publieke domein.1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  70. 70. 1 2 6 3 5 7 9 4 8 6 74 6 8 5 4 66 1 9 Reinvent the public realm of cityspace; the public domain.1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  71. 71. 1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity + scale 3. solutions quality + diversity
  72. 72. 1.Urgency - analysis 2 solutions capacity +capacitysolutions qualitysolutions quality + diversity1. Urgency - analysis 2 solutions scale 3. + scale 3. + diversity

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