TYPES OF BOND IN BRICK MASONRY
Modified form of English bond.
In this bond the corner of the wall are
Alternate courses of headers and stretchers
are provided as
in English bond.
Every stretcher course starts at the quoin
with a 3/4 bat.
Every alternate stretcher course, a header is
placed next to the 3/4 brick bat provided at
Generally used in thick wall.
In this type of bond, the bonding bricks are kept at an
inclination to the direction of the wall. Due to this, the
longitudinal stability of thick wall built in English bond is
very much increased.
This bond introduced at certain intervals along the
height of the wall.
The bricks are arranged in inclined direction, in the
space between the external stretchers of the wall.
The raking of inclination should be in opposite direction
in alternate courses of raking bond.
Raking bond is not provided in the successive courses. It
is provided at a regular interval of 4 to 8 courses in the
height of a wall.
The raking course is generally provided between the two
stretcher courses of the wall having thickness equal to
even multiple of ½ bricks, to make the bond more
Raking bonds are of two types
1) Diagonal bond
2) Herring – bone bond.
1) Diagonal bond:-
In this type of bond bricks are arranged at 45° in such a
way that extreme corners of the series remain in contact
with the external line of stretchers.
Brick cut to triangular shapes and of suitable sizes are
packed in the small triangular spaces at the ends.
This bond is best suitable for walls which are 2 to 4
bricks thick. The bond is introduced at regular vertical
interval, generally at every fifth or seventh course.
In every alternate course of the bond the direction of
bricks is reversed.
2) Herring-bone bond:-
This bond is more suitable for walls which are thicker
than four bricks thick. Bricks are arranged at 45° in two
opposite directions from the centre of the wall
The bond is introduced in the wall at regular vertical
interval. In every alternate course the direction of bricks
The bond is also used for ornamental finish to the face
work, and also for brick flooring.
GARDEN WALL BOND:-
This type of bond is used for construction of garden
walls, boundary walls, compound walls, where the
thickness of the wall is one brick and the height does
not exceed 2 meters.
This type of bond is not so strong as English bond, but is
Garden wall bonds are of three types:
1) Garden wall English bond
2) Garden wall Flemish bond
3) Garden wall Monk bond
1) Garden wall English bond:-
In this bond, the header course is provided only after
3 to 5 stretchers courses.
In each header course, a queen closer is placed next to
the quoin header, to provide necessary lap. In
stretcher courses, quoin header are placed in alternate
2) Garden wall Flemish bond:-
Each course contain one header after 3 to 5 stretchers
continuously placed, through out the length of the
Each alternate course contains a ¾ brick bat placed next
to the quoin header, develop necessary lap, and a
header laid over the middle of each central stretcher.
Also known as scotch bond and sussex bond.
3) Garden wall Monk bond:-
This is special type of garden wall Flemish bond in which
each course contains one header after 2 successive
Every alternate course contains a quoin header followed
by a ¾ brick bat. Due to this, the header rests the joint
between two successive stretchers.