Government of India's secret files about Netaji Subhas Chanda Bose


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  • Declassification of files may prove that Japan and British jointly played a foul game with Netaji;

    In WW-I, Japan was an ally of British. Before WW-II, Japan-US trade war and political war started, this led to actual war between US and Japan. So British became an enemy to Japan by diplomatic manipulation as US - British alliance was there. After WW-II, Japan revived their old connection with British via spies. Japanese and British spies were enough linked before WW-II. Japanese spies agreed to eliminate Netaji. Motive was to appease the British and purchase security for Japan royal family. Thus, Japan handed over Netaji to British and British executed him in secrete. The false news of air crash was Japan’s fabrication. In any controversial case, liar is to be suspected first.

    Netaji’s plan to start second independence war with the help of USSR was known to Japan. There was enough scope for British and Japanese spies to develop a common minimum program against pro-communist agenda of Netaji. Why should Japanese imperialism agree to patronize emergence of independent India as a permanent communist ally? Is it not more logical to fulfill British condition and purchase favor? Why Japan royal family was not tried as a war criminal? What is the mystery behind this favor?

    There is another point about gumnami baba. Who was he? Gumnami baba was a dummy created as a part of common minimum program of Japanese imperialism and British imperialism. In axis camp, creation of dummy by plastic surgery was a common practice. Hitler and Mussolini were having number of dummies. Japan sold Netaji-dummy to British. British deputed this dummy at faizabad of Uttar Pradesh, with a purpose to create confusion that as if Netaji’s death or life is doubtful. The confusion prevented the nation to be doubtful about role of Japan or British. So gumnami baba of faizabad is a common creation of Japanese spies and British spies. Never had he told the truth. If he had told anything, that must be lie. In a controversial case, liar is to be suspected. So, Japan sold Netaji to British and British executed him in secret. Japan sold Netaji-dummy to British and British deputed him at faizabad of Uttar-Pradesh. Japan surrendered to US-UK side on 15th august 1945. Netaji’s last flight was on 18th august 1945. A surrendered Japan was no longer an ally of azad hind. They worked as per their new mentors, the British.
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Government of India's secret files about Netaji Subhas Chanda Bose

  1. 1. A guide to state secrecy surrounding Subhas Chandra Bose By Anuj Dhar Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose secured our freedom but in the last 6 decades our Government seems to have confined him to hidden vaults, where thousands of secret records about him have piled up. It will shock you to know how many ministries and departments in New Delhi are holding secret records relating to Netaji. Not only there are classified files with the Prime Minister's Office, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Defence, Cabinet Secretariat and Intelligence Bureau, but also—for some inexplicable reasons—with National Museum, Ministry of Urban Development, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting and Department of Food & Public Distribution. Can you think of any pre-Independence national icon of ours about whom so much of classified material has been retained up to now? This 23rd January seems just the time to tell our Government that its obsession about keeping everything secret about one of the greatest Indians ever must end. Transparency will only do good to our democracy. The need to know Irrespective of the views one holds about Subhas Bose, his struggle, and his fate, to ask for declassification of each and every record about him would be a sensible thing to do now. In particular, the issue concerning his fate warrants that our Government must go public with all the information it has. In an affidavit filed by the PMO and MHA in Calcutta High Court in 2008, it was reaffirmed that Netaji had died in Taiwan in 1945, the report of Mukherjee Commission was wrong and the earlier ones given by Pandit Nehru's friend GD Khosla and Congress party MP Shah Nawaz Khan contained gospel. From the start, this stand of our Government has been supported to the hilt by most front-ranking historians and intellectuals, who are obviously not interested in declassification when it concerns Netaji. According to a report published in the Indian Express at the time of the formation of the Mukherjee Commission, Jawaharlal Nehru University's Dr Harbans Mukhia said. "Why don't we accept that the man is dead and that he died more than 50 years back." "Sheer waste of time and money" historian Salil Ghosh opined. Delhi University historian Dr Sumit Sarkar said that the subject was "so boring and unimportant" that he did "not even feel like reacting to it". Recently, another eminent historian Prof Sugata Bose, son of Netaji's nephew and Congress party MLA late Dr Sisir Bose, reinforced the official line and wrote that those who thought otherwise were "cranks and opportunists". This being the state of affairs seen from the eyes of the men who know too much, it should be a very easy for the Government of ours to declassify all secret records. "Sunlight is the best disinfectant," famously said the US Supreme Court in support of openness and transparency. The release of official information is the best way to stifle conspiracy theories and the charges of governmental wrongdoings. Government’s stand on declassification Never mind what the intellectuals say, our Government doesn't want to release secret Netaji records for reasons of national security. In 2007, an RTI proceeding involving the Union Home Ministry revealed that the ministry alone had something like 70,000 pages of classified material concerning Netaji’s fate. Many of these documents were classified as "Top Secret" and, to quote the words of the ministry, "the public disclosure of which may lead to a serious law and order problem in the country, especially in West Bengal". Pls see: 1
  2. 2. It is not just the controversy surrounding Netaji's fate that remains shrouded in mystery, even matters concerning his life and times have been concealed from us. In 2009, RTI request for a copy of the history of the INA complied at the behest of the Ministry of Defence way back in 1950 was turned down. Even a favourable directive from the Central Information Commission could not persuade the MoD to release the report and it took a stay in the Delhi High Court. Now the person who moved the request is paying from his pocket to see that the record goes public, and the MoD is drawing from public exchequer to keep it hidden from people. How many secret files about Netaji are there? A proper assessment of the exact number and type of secret files about Netaji has so far not been made by anyone and may not be possible even, considering that any government has ways to hide information it doesn't want to make public for whatever reason. But information gleaned from RTI responses, government records etc shows that the PMO has 33 files, most of which deal with the issue of Netaji's fate. Four of these are deemed so sensitive that even disclosing their titles would harm India's relations with certain friendly foreign nation/s. Seven of these files are classified as "Top Secret", which is startling. Any record containing classified information is given one of the three security markings to commensurate with the damage its unauthorised disclosure will cause to India's interests. When it is determined that the damage could be "exceptionally grave", the file is stamped "Top Secret". What can possibly be “Top Secret” about Subhas Chandra Bose in this age and time? The Ministry of External Affairs, which is holding at least a dozen secret files concerning Netaji, refused to part with information relating to its correspondence with the Russian government over his alleged presence in the erstwhile USSR after he was reported dead by the Japanese. The request made under the RTI sought "copies of the complete correspondence the MEA has had with the Governments of the USSR and the Russian Federation over the disappearance of Netaji" and supply information "whether the MEA sought information from the Russians by issuing mere note verbales, or some serious efforts were ever made from a higher level". The MEA's roundabout response [See image] only confirmed that they had not. It refused to provide copies "as it involves the relations with foreign State". The Intelligence Bureau has 77 files on or relating to Subhas Bose. Some of these files are:  Regarding exploitation of Netaji's name by political leaders and others  Policy of Central Government regarding re-employment of INA personnel in public service (created in 1947)  INA papers released in 1961 by a former Joint Director, like note on life and activities of Bose, public statements on his death  Whether Netaji is still alive or not (1970) 2
  3. 3. There is reason to believe that the IB is holding more files. It defies logic why is the Intelligence Bureau, whose duty is to hunt down India's enemies, is still holding secret files about the man Gandhiji called the "Prince among patriots"? As for R&AW, our external intelligence agency, it denied under RTI that there was anything relating to Netaji with it. But a sworn affidavit filed before the Mukherjee Commission by then Home Secretary details a record originating from R&AW, which is answerable to only the Prime Minister. The known-unknown Netaji files There are essentially two types of secret files that a government typically keeps. One, those whose existence is accepted before courts of law, commissions etc and, two, those whose every existence is denied. The files of the latter sort are sometimes handed over to intelligence agencies for safekeeping because they can work beyond the periphery of law. If our Government is holding more files on Netaji than it has admitted so far, only the public pressure will persuade it to part with them. In a democracy, the real owners of secret files are not government officials or politicians but the people. This is the year 2013 not 1913. The Netaji records, to paraphrase Donald Rumsfeld, can be divided into three categories. First, there are "known knowns"; there are records we know we know. For example there are records in public domain like the following one from the National Archives. This falls in the category of "known known". This document is the last known report produced by the Combined Section that was investigating the death of Bose. The report, prepared 8 months after the reported Taipei crash, refers to various intelligence reports received from Indian and Russian sources to the effect that Netaji was in the USSR in 1946. We also know there are "known unknowns" sort of records. That is to say, we know about documents that Government says do not exist, but exit they very much. This can be illustrated by the following damning account: In 1956 the Ministry of External Affairs approached the British High Commission in Delhi to make an inquiry about Netaji's reported death in Taiwan. The British reverted with the finding that there was no 3
  4. 4. real proof of it. While filing affidavits, making statements and submissions before the Mukherjee Commission (19992005), neither the Ministry of External Affairs nor any other ministry referred to the Taiwanese/British findings as they furnished all relevant information, including details about files missing or destroyed. It was as though the Taiwan 1956 inquiry report never existed. Unfortunately for the Government of India it does. Declassified by Her Majesty's Government, the original papers can now be accessed by anyone at the National Archives, Kew. The last page in the British file clearly mentions handing over of not one but five copies of the Taiwanese report to the Ministry of External Affairs. [See image] This is a classic case of a known-unknown record and an unimpeachable evidence of official cover-up. And, most importantly, there are also "unknown unknowns"—the ones we don't know we don't know. These are records about which we have no idea, unlike the case of 1956 British inquiry file. A government that can conceal one document can very well hide any number of them. . Have Netaji files been destroyed? By its own admission, our Government has destroyed records concerning Netaji's fate, the INA treasure and related subjects. For instance, information culled from the records of two commissions as well as the PMO records accessed using the RTI shows that in around 1956 a file was opened in Prime Minister's Secretariat, as the PMO was called in those days, on the subject "Circumstances leading to the death of Shri Subhas Chandra Bose". This file—No 12(226)/56-PM—was destroyed in 1972 along with several other irrelevant files, even though the Manual of Official Procedure in force at that time stipulated that the files of historical importance, especially those relating to issues agitating the public mind, would be kept in office for 25 years and then sent to the National Archives. According to unverifiable claims, this file was the master file of all Netaji files, personally maintained by Prime Minister Nehru. Dr Subramanian Swamy as a Cabinet minister had the opportunity to see the relevant papers. He stated a few years back in après release that this "Nehru's file" had been destroyed on the orders of PN Haksar, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's Private Secretary. The file must have contained something very problematic for a man like Haksar to himself get rid of it flouting all rules. 4
  5. 5. The destruction of Netaji-related records is not limited to the highest office in the land as the following sample of destroyed records demonstrates: 1. Director, Intelligence Bureau letter No 31/DG/56-II dated 4.1.1959. 2. No 22(381)60-66-PM, about the proposal to bring Netaji's alleged ashes to India, 1960. 3. No 24/27/71, Pol II contained vital correspondence between the Ministry of Home Affairs and Khosla Commission. 4. Several documents of file No 23(156)/51-PM related to the INA treasure. [See image below] Government's likely response to the demand of declassification In 2006, the full Bench of Central Information Commission led by Wajahat Habibullah passed an order calling upon the Ministry of Home Affairs to release 202 records concerning Netaji's fate. Consequently, then Home Minister went to the Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs for a decision. According to a Hindustan Times report, after deliberations "the Shivraj Patil-led Home Ministry had come around to the view that there really was no fear of a law and order problem if the secret documents were revealed". But despite “approval” by the CCPA, the ministry released only 91 out of the 202 records. There was no word about the rest of the records, including Home Ministry, External Affairs Ministry files; letters from Home Minister, High Commissioner, Taiwan government and Intelligence Bureau Director; a report on the missing INA treasure and a memo from Director of Military Intelligence over Mahatma Gandhi's view on Netaji's reported death. The moral of the story is: If it was ever cornered over secret Netaji files, the central Government would wriggle out with releasing or even leaking some undamaging records. Therefore, the aim of any declassification drive concerning Netaji should be to seek release of each and every record, especially those held by the intelligence agencies. For the sake of fair play and transparency, we must not settle for anything less than a complete disclosure. The way forward Two decades back the United States of America faced a similar situation over the controversy surrounding the assassination of John F Kennedy. The 30 years of government secrecy relating to the assassination had led the American public to believe that their government had something to hide. In 1992, the US Congress passed a law providing for a "unique solution to the problem of secrecy" which was at the root of the problem. Under the JFK Records Act of 1992 all records were made public and the controversy was rested to the extent possible. Time has come for India to take similar steps and move on. Secret records concerning Subhas Bose exist in other countries also. For example in 2009, using the American Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), the writer of this note managed to obtain a formerly secret Central Intelligence 5
  6. 6. Agency record of 1950. "It is now currently rumored in the Delhi area that the 'Netaji'… is alive and is in Siberia," the document said, sourcing the information to a highly-placed agent in India. But efforts made by individuals in their personal capacity cannot match the approaches made by the authorities, showing the resolve of a nation to seek facts. Alluding to the possible Netajirelated documents with security and intelligence archives in Russia, a still secret Ministry of External Record says: “It would be unrealistic for us to expect the Russian authorities to allow our scholars to access to KGB archives. What we can do is to request the Russian authorities to conduct a search into these archives, and let us know if there is any evidence of Netaji's stay in the Soviet Union”. But then, how are we going to ask foreign governments to release their secret records when our own is sitting on a pile of its own making? Like charity, transparency must begin at home. ------------------------------------------------------------ Anuj Dhar is the author of India’s biggest cover-up. Flipkart: Homeshop18: Amazon: [Digital edition] 6