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demostration and experiment nursing seminar

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seminar on projected av aids (demonstartion & experimant)

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demostration and experiment nursing seminar

  1. 1. TEERTHANKER MAHAVEER COLLEGE OF NURSING TEERTHANKER MAHAVEER UNIVERSITY SEMINAR ON PROJECTED A.V AIDS BY PSYCHIATRIC GROUP MR AMIT DAS MS HINA SINGH HARIYAN BHARADWAJ NIRMAL SINGH NEGI 9/15/2017 TMCON
  2. 2. DEMONSTRATION 9/15/2017 TMCON
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES: • To preface topic • To define demonstration • To understand the purposes • To outline process of demonstration • To comprehend process of demonstration • To discuss ethical guidelines • To predict advantages • To justify disadvantages 9/15/2017 TMCON
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION: Demonstration is a process /activity to show and providing evidence of process Or happening. In short it is a performance to show a process or activity to others. For example – • How to throw shot pot. • How to play music and instruments • To show how to pronounce words • How to perform CPR 9/15/2017 TMCON
  5. 5. DEFINITION: “The act of exhibiting certain set of skills operations or use of a device & process. PURPOSES OF DEMONSTRATION: • Demonstration method shows some fundamental purposes in activity aids • Teaching a skill concept or principle • Delicate and dangerous experiments involving careful manipulation • Experiments involving difficult and complex operations • To teach the patient a procedure or treatment • Use of costly apparatus. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  6. 6. PROCESS OF DEMONSTRATION: Learning by watching a thing or process actually happening makes students actively involved in the activity as demonstration is an interesting performance .A demonstration will be effective if it proceeds in the following stages: • Pre planning • Rehearsal • Performance • Follow up 9/15/2017 TMCON
  7. 7. • Preplanning: for a demonstration all requisites and piece of equipment should be gathered.it is advisable to prepare a checklist of all things required for the demonstration. • Rehearsal: After having gathered all the material and pieces of equipment for demonstration, the teachers must try out the demonstration alone for his own sake and confidence. • 9/15/2017 TMCON
  8. 8. CONTINUTION OF PROCESS • Performance: during the class room instruction teachers shows the demonstration at the appropriate point of the lesson the demonstration should be slick to the point with proper. Explanation. • Follow up: after the demonstration over the teacher must ask question and discuss was has been observed by students. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  9. 9. ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR DEMONSTRATION: Demonstrator must be follow some fundamental instructions while performing demonstration: • The demonstrators must be well selected. • The materials are easily available • Present the information sequentially stressing the main ideas • Let the demonstrator proceed smoothly without interruptions. Do not drag a demonstration unnecessarily as students are likely to loose interest then 9/15/2017 TMCON
  10. 10. 9/15/2017 TMCON CONTINUTION OF GUIDELINES  Ask question from the students regarding what they have observed.  If students have not understood certain ideas during the demonstration then do it again.  Use other teaching aids to supplement your demonstration.  Check continually that your demonstration is going on the right track and students are getting the intended ideas .  Summarize the main points after the demonstration.
  11. 11. CONTINUTION OF GUIDELINES • Have a friendly and warm behaviour during yours demonstration • Allow students to perform after the demonstration is over • Give a handout or written material on the demonstration along with key concepts emerging out of it • Perform the demonstration from a place where from everyone in the class can see it. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  12. 12. ADVANTAGES: • It helps in involving various sense to make learning permanent • It develops interest in the learners and motivates them for their active participation • It helps in achieving psychomotor objectives • Any simple or complex sill becomes easy to understand. • Though, teacher behavior is autocratic, he invites the cooperation of pupils in teaching learning process. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  13. 13. DISADVANGES: • Good Demonstrators are not easy to find. Considerable skills are required to give good demonstration. • The demonstration method is restricted to only certain kinds of teaching situations. Some teachers try to use it where other methods would be better. • The “Result” type of demonstration may take considerable time and be rather expensive. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  14. 14. CONTINUTION OF DISADVANTAGES • Demonstration may require a large amount of preliminary preparation. • There is a danger of students being dishonest when teacher has to play the main role in the demonstration of topic. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  15. 15. EXPERIMENT 9/15/2017 TMCON
  16. 16. OBJECTIVES: • To introduce experiment • To state Definition • To discuss guidelines • To list out advantages and disadvantages 9/15/2017 TMCON
  17. 17. EXPERIMENT: An experiment is a procedure or a learning activity in which students collect interpret observations and carried out to support, refute, validate a hypothesis experiments provide insight into cause and effect by demonstrating what outcome occurs when a particular factor is manipulated. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  18. 18. DEFINITION: An operation or tentative procedure carried out under controlled conditions in order to discover an unknown effect or law to test or establish a hypothesis or to illustrate a known law. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  19. 19. GUIDELINES: While giving a lesson on an experiment ,the teachers should organize the instruction so as to make students aware of the following steps of the experiments: • Object of the experiment • Apparatus required • Procedure or methodology • Observations of data • Treatment of observations or data i.e computation to be used 9/15/2017 TMCON
  20. 20. CONTINUTION OF GUIDELINES • Results or conclusion • Precautions • Ideas for further work • after having given the instructions regarding an experiment ,the teacher must make all students to have hands on it. • Teacher must ask the students to write report on it • Result of the experiment should be based upon cause and effect relationship and conclusions from the observation . • In case of group experiments the teacher should go about the room or laboratory to stimulate and guide students individually. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  21. 21. ADVANTAGES: • The teacher can individually attend students while they are performing an experiment. • In group experiment, student learn to work with one another and this results in the co-operation and co-ordination value. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  22. 22. CONTINUTIONOF ADVANTAGES… • With experiments the student learn by doing and hence better learn. • Experiment makes student patient, regular and punctual. • Experiments builds scientific attitudes, observational power and ability to draw conclusions. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  23. 23. DISADVANTAGES: • can produce artificial results • In peer experiment there is chances of human error. • Some experiment required apparatus and equipment. • Consume time hence it needs patience to draw conclusion. • Person (human) error may leads to artificial or manipulated results. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  24. 24. CONTINUTION OF DISADVANGES • Experiment required some sound ethical grounds. • Experimenter effects - bias when experimenter's expectations affect behaviour • Artificial environment - low realism 9/15/2017 TMCON
  25. 25. SUMMARY: FOLLOWING TOPICS ARE DISCUSSED: • Introduction Of Demonstration And Experiment. • Define Demonstration And Experiment • Understand The Purposes • Outline Process Of Demonstration • Comprehend Process Of Demonstration • Discuss Ethical Guidelines Of Demonstration And Experiment • Predict Advantages Of Demonstration And Experiment • To Justify Disadvantages Of Demonstration And Experiment. 9/15/2017 TMCON
  26. 26. THANK YOU 9/15/2017 TMCON

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