This a ppt which is based on chapter circles of class 10 maths it is a very good ppt which will definitely enhance your knowledge . it will also clear all concepts and doubts about this chapter and its topics
Made by :- Amit choube
Class :- 10th ‘ B ’
In this power point presentation we will discuss about
• Circle and its related terms .
• Concepts of perimeter and area of a circle .
• Finding the areas of two special parts of a circular region known as sector and segment .
• Finding the areas of some combinations of plane figures involving circles or their parts .
Circle and its related terms .
Area of a circle .
Areas related to circle .
Perimeter of a circle .
Sector of a circle and its area .
Segment of a circle and its area
Areas of combinations of plane figures .
Circle – Definition
The collection of all the points in a plane which
are at a fixed distance from in the plane is
called a circle .
A circle is a locus of a point which moves in a
plane in such a way that its distance from a
fixed point always remains same.
1. Radius – The line segment joining the centre and any point on the circle is called a
radius of the circle .
Here , in fig. OP is radius of the circle with centre ‘O’ .
Related terms of circle
2. A circle divides the plane on which it lies into three parts . They are
• The Interior of the circle .
• The circle . Exterior
• The exterior of the circle .
Here , in the given fig . We can see that a circle divides the plane on which it lies into
three parts .
3. Chord – if you take two points P and Q on a circle , then the line segment PQ is called a chord of
the circle .
4. Diameter – the chord which passes through the centre of the circle is called a diameter of the circle
Here in the given fig. OR is the diameter of the circle and PR is the chord of the circle .
Note :- A diameter of a circle is the longest chord of the circle .
1. Arc – the piece of circle between two points is called an arc of the circle .
Major Arc PQR
P . . R
Minor Arc PR
Here in the given fig. PQR is the major arc because it is the longer one whereas PR is the minor arc of the given
circle . When P and Q are ends of a diameter , then both arcs are equal and each is called a semicircle
Segment – the region between a chord and either of its arc is called a segment of the circle .
Here , in the given fig. We can clearly see major and minor segment .
Sector – the region between two radii , joining the centre to the end points of the arc is called a
Here in the given fig. you find that minor arc corresponds to minor sector and major arc
correspondence to major sector .
Perimeter of a circle
• The distanced covered by travelling around a circle is its perimeter , usually called its circumference
We know that circumference of a circle bears a constant ratio with its diameter .
→ 𝑐𝑖𝑟𝑢𝑚𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 = 𝜋 × 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟
→ 𝑐𝑖𝑟𝑐𝑢𝑚𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 = 𝜋 × 2𝑟 (diameter = 2r)
→ 𝑐𝑖𝑟𝑐𝑢𝑚𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 = 2𝜋r
Area of a circle
Area of a circle is 𝜋𝑟2 , where is the radius of the circle .
We have verified it in class 7 , by cutting a circle into a number of sectors and
rearranging them as shown in fig.
𝐴𝑟𝑒𝑎 𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑖𝑟𝑐𝑙𝑒 = 𝜋𝑟2
Area and circumference of semicircle
Area of circle = 𝜋𝑟2
Area of semi – circle =
(Area of circle)
Area of semicircle =
Perimeter of circle = 2𝜋𝑟
Perimeter of semi circle =
𝑃𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑖𝑟𝑐𝑙𝑒 + 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟
Perimeter of semi circle = 𝜋𝑟 +2𝑟 = 𝜋 + 2 𝑟
Area of a sector .
Following are some important points to remember
1. A minor sector has an angle 𝜃 , (say) , subtended at the centre of the circle ,
whereas a major sector has no angle .
2. The sum of arcs of major and minor sectors of a circle is equal to the circumference
of the circle .
3. The sum of the areas of major and minor sectors of a circle is equal to the areas of
the circle .
4. The boundary of a sector consists of an arc of the circle and the two radii .
If an arc subtends an angle of 180° at the centre , then its arc length is 𝜋r .
If the arc subtends an angle of θ at the centre , then its arc length is
→ 𝑙 =
→ 𝑙 =
If the arc subtends an angle θ , then the area of the corresponding sector is
Thus the area A of a sector of angle θ then area of the corresponding sector is
→ 𝐴 =
Now, → 𝐴 =
× 𝜋𝑟 𝑟
→ 𝐴 =
Area of a sector.
Some useful results to remember .
1. Angle described by one minute hand in 60 minute =360 ͦ
→ Angle described by minute hand in one minute =
Thus , minute hand rotates through an angle of 6 in one minute .
2. Angle described by hour hand in 12 hours = 360 ͦ
→ Angle described hour hand in one minute =
Thus , hour hand rotates through 30 ͦ in one minute .