Aruna’s story1. On the evening of November 27, 1973, nurse ArunaRamchandraShanbaug was attacked by a sweeper in KEM hospital where she worked. Allegedly enraged at her for telling him off and threatening to report a theft by him, he accosted her when she was changing in a basement room, wrapping a dog chain around her neck. He tried to rape her but , he sodomised her, the chain twisted around her neck cutting off oxygen to her brain. Aruna was found lying on the floor with blood all over, unconscious. 2. While her immediate family, including brother BalkrishnaShanbaug and a sister, came to visit her in hospital in the early months after the incident, she was later abandoned by the family. Her fiance, a doctor, reportedly left the country after a few years. A sister, ShantaNayak, continues to live in Mumbai, not far from KEM Hospital. 3. Her assailant, SohanlalWalmiki, was traced soon after the crime and convicted. He spent eight years in prison and was later reported to be working in a Delhi hospital. Recently he died of AIDS
Women & child welfare
Women & Child Welfare<br />
Story of Arunashanbaug, NurseKEM hospital, Mumbai Nov-27,1973<br />
So How to DEAL <br />with these kinds of <br />Social Issues<br />???<br />
Need for women welfare<br />Women and children are the soft targets.<br />They are the victims of capitalism, development & environment<br />They suffer in a number of ways because they are:<br /><ul><li> Weaker
Initiatives taken in India :<br />Ministry of women and child development has been made<br />National network for women & mining (NNWM) with about 20 groups in different mining states of India is rightly fighting for a “gender audit” of India’s mining companies<br />NGO’s as “MahilaMandals”<br />
Initiatives taken on International level :<br />United Nations Decade for Women (1975-85) included several women related welfare issues on international agenda<br />CEDAW (International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979) is one of the result of the program for protection & promotion of women’s human right & socio-economic upliftment<br />
Case Study1. Chula Issue<br /> The World Health Organisation estimates that 1.6 billion early deaths occur annually from cooking stove pollution. <br />Between 400,000 to 550,000 children less than five years and women die each year in India due to indoor smoke. <br /><ul><li> Chula smoke is the third-highest cause of disease and death, after dirty water and lack of sanitation.
Hence, by providing access to clean water, sanitation, food and well-ventilated homes, over half the diseases and premature deaths could be avoided in India.</li></li></ul><li>Case Study 2. Women SHG in North Tamil Nadu: <br />It is found that the income of the women has been increased after joining the SHGs. <br />The good practice of the women SHGs in the study area is repayment of the loan in time. Nearly 64% of the debtor paid their monthly due with in the time, even some members 19% paid their due in advance. <br />In this way SHGs in north Tamil Nadu are very successful to develop women empowerment and rural areas.<br />
3. Swabhiman program by Smile foundation <br />Swabhiman, an initiative of Smile Foundation, aims to bring pride and dignity for our girl. <br />Swabhiman is not anti-men, but it encourages women to defend themselves and escape from violence and advocates men to be a part of bringing due dignity for our girl child. <br /><ul><li>Swabhiman started getting an overwhelming response from the participants, communities, institutions and organizations alike within a short time of its launch in Delhi & NCR.
During first year of its launch Swabhiman has reached out to around 4000 beneficiaries through 50 communities and organizations</li></li></ul><li>Child Welfare<br />
Need for child welfare<br />1 million out of 21 million babies born every year in India are abandoned soon after their birth due to different socio-economic reasons<br />Child labour<br />
Initiatives taken<br />World summit on children on Sep 30, 1990<br />Declaration of the rights of a child by United Nations in 1959, which became international law in 1990 with 54 articles<br />The law defines:<br />Right to Survival<br />Right to Protection<br />Right to Development<br />Right to Participation<br />National plan of action for children has been formulated by ministry of HRD<br />
Impact of environment on children<br />Water born diseases are affecting 6 million children in India<br />Childhood cancer rates are also increasing by 6% every year<br />Growing foetus in the mother’s womb is not safe & free from the adverse effects of environment toxins<br />
Causes of Cancer in Child<br />0-15 age-group<br />
Problems Faced by Childrens :<br /><ul><li>Child labour.
Undergo many dreadfull diseases like:</li></ul> 1. Pneumonia<br /> 2. Diarrhoea<br /> 3. Measles<br /> 4. Malaria<br /><ul><li>Working in hazardous places to feed themselves.
Undergo many respiratory problems due to pollution in the environment.</li></li></ul><li>Initiative of Childline India foundation- case of child beggars<br /><ul><li>During outreach, Madurai CHILDLINE team came across 5 children in the age group of 10 to 16 years performing acrobatics such as passing their body through an iron ring, walking on their hands upside down, etc.</li></ul>CHILDLINE contacted their parents and brought them to the center.<br />The parents were provided with counselling and warned not to send them for begging. CHILDLINE has assured to provide assistance for education of the children.<br />
Cases of NGOs concerned with child welfare<br />Action Aid India concentrates on child education and on street and working children<br />CRY targets underprivileged children who don’t have basic resources to sustain themselves. <br />Butterflies engage themselves in offering free education to poor kids. They teach children living in slums in Delhi. <br />CARE Indiawith branches in 11 states focus on girls’ education. <br />Prayasaddress issues related to lack of sensitivity and infrastructure for children’s rehabilitation, education, and reintegration. <br />
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