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Problem Definition of Vietnamese Liberation of Cambodia, 1979


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Problem Definition of Vietnamese Liberation of Cambodia, 1979

  1. 1. CAMBODIAN GENOCIDE Vietnamese Liberation of Cambodia, 1979
  2. 2. TIMELINE  Cold War  (1947-1991)  Vietnam War  (Nov 1955-April 1975)  Cambodian Civil War  (1967-1975)  Cambodian Genocide  (1975-1979)
  3. 3. BACKGROUND INFORMATION • ~2 million people killed (1975-1979) • Pol Pot, leader of Khmer Rouge
  4. 4. "It was genocide driven not by racial or religious hatred but by an ideology that had been incubated so fervently that it became insanity." PROBLEM DEFINITION: A LOOK AT THE NARRATIVES
  5. 5. MOTIVATIONS OF MARXIST-LENINIST REGIMES  Leadership tends to exist within a paranoid political culture  Usually creates a secret police and wages campaigns of terror against own people  Both have existed within communist Russia, China,
  6. 6. STALINIST (USSR) vs. MAOIST (CHINA) REGIMES  Stalinist communism emphasized material power  Ex. Formal education, expertise, and technology  Maoist communism was disdainful of material power  Emphasized human will instead  Historical ideologies within Vietnam lent themselves towards a Stalinist approach, whereas in Cambodia they lent themselves towards a Maoist approach  This determined what was objectively possible in choosing a means towards a politically desired ends  Globalized a regional struggle for power
  7. 7. CAUSES OF INVASION: PRIMARY  Historical imperialism of Vietnamese leadership, yearning to become regional hegemon of the former French Indochina  Reinforced by Stalinist emphasis on material power  Five years of intermittent military attacks from Cambodian Khmer Rouge  Irrational (weaker military and ally) fueled by Maoist view of human will
  8. 8. CAUSES OF INVASION: SECONDARY  North Vietnam antagonism towards China  Mistakenly assumes China is instigating Khmer Rouge attacks  Begins aligning with USSR  Expulsion and purge of Chinese ethnic minority  Joins Soviet economic bloc, the Council for Economic Mutual
  9. 9. CAUSES OF INVASION: SECONDARY (cont.)  China and Cambodian Khmer Rouge Reaction  China becomes fearful Cambodia will fall under Soviet influence, so allies and supports Maoist Khmer Rouge regime  Cambodia held historical feelings of inferiority and deep resentment of more powerful neighbors - desire to prove itself  Continues and fails incursions against Vietnam  Failures generate paranoid delusions of an internal enemy at fault  Purges own military ranks
  10. 10. UNITED STATES PERSPECTIVE  Geopolitical ideological conflict  Cold War & anti- Communism  Choosing the lesser evil  Vietnam violating Cambodia’s sovereignty  Sided with Khmer Rouge to strengthen alliance with
  11. 11. CAMBODIAN PERSPECTIVE  Thankful to be liberated from Khmer Rouge but did not get desired freedom  Vietnam occupied Cambodia until 1989  “Why are you still here?”
  12. 12. OTHER INTERNATIONAL RESPONSES  Khmer Rouge in UN seat for years  End of Cold War  End of Khmer Rouge backings
  13. 13. CITATION Morris, Stephen J. Why Vietnam Invaded Cambodia: Political Culture and the Causes of War. Stanford, CA: Stanford UP, 1999. Print. Kiernan, Ben. "The Cambodian Genocide and Imperial Culture.” 90 Years of Denial.(2005) Morris, Brett S. "Jacobin.” Jacobin Nixon and the Cambodian Genocide Comments. 27 Apr 2015. Murphy, Jarrett. "Remembering the Killing Fields.” CBSNews. CBS Interactive, 15 Apr. 2000. WEBSITES VIDEOS Cambodia: Anatomy of a Genocide Cambodian Genocide Program Vietnamese Liberation of Cambodia Vietnamese Invasion in 1979 The Killing Fields