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European urban design for sustainability


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European urban design for sustainability

  1. 1. European Urban Design for Sustainability Budapest, Hungary
  2. 2. Part 1:Introduction,Budapest City The capital and the largest city of Hungary ,the largest in East- Central Europe and the seventh largest in the European Union. The city covers an area of 525 square kilometres (202.7 sq mi). In 2011, Budapest had 1.74 million inhabitants.
  3. 3. Part 2 : Budapest Development Concept Medium-Term City Development Programme For Budapest ( The Podmaniczky Programme) :- 3 main objectives :- 1) The town should be made more pleasant to live in 2) It should become more competitive 3) It should show more social awareness Example :- 1) The pedestrianised city centre 2) The improvements in public transport 3) Development of certain inner areas
  4. 4. Part 2 : Cont. Core programme:- Project area Elements of core programme Extended project - elements
  5. 5. Part 3 : Core Programme Programme elements resulting in a more dynamic town :- Tranport. 1) The complete setting up of the Budapest Transport Association (BKSZ) 2) Enlargement of the Park n Ride (P+R) system 3) Continual updating of public transport vehicles 4) Making the redevelopment of public roads more intensive 5) Widening Nagy Lajos király Road 6) Enlargement of the cycle path network
  6. 6. Part 3 : Cont. Sustainability (in term of environment) :- 1) The development of green areas (Orczy Garden, and the park on Csepel Island) 2) Increased cleaning of public places – above the earmarked sources 3) The redevelopment of the centralised heating system
  7. 7. Part 3 :Cont. Economic & Social :- 1) Encouraging tourism by means of effective marketing 2) Exploiting the hi-tech area to its fullest potential. 3) Improving the quality of trading standards 4) Recreational and cultural use of Közraktárak 5) The development of the cultural centre at Erzsébet Square
  8. 8. PROBLEM STATEMENT • Demand for easing the long distance and international flow of goods over-riding local sustainability needs. • Overcome negative effects such as excessive car-based mobility and urban sprawl. • Growing prosperity and wealth, increase demands for improved quality of life.
  9. 9. Overall Objective of Sustainable Urban Development • Achieve healthy and high quality of life for all people in this and subsequent generations.
  10. 10. Restrictions • Number of procedural constraints. • System of territorial admin is unwieldy with no admin at intermediate level, eg : no tiers of gov. between even the smallest village and the 19 counties. • Develpoer constrained by simple zoning regulations and difficulty to influence in design process. • Numerous environmental agencies control zoning plan/building codes but their acitivity is less effective.
  11. 11. Restrictions(cont.) • Little way of policies, economic incentives and subsidy • No land value tax that could help finance land development ( regenaration of brown-field area and inner city renewal) • Most of state-owned agencies and companies have been dissolved in most Hungarian cities.
  12. 12. Restrictions(cont.) • Dissolved of this agencies leaving little expertise on the public side. • No public companies or public-private companies to address social housing needs.
  13. 13. Case Study : Ferencvaros, 9th District of Budapest • An example of sucessful public-private urban renewal operations. • Based on adoption of market-based housing policies since early 1980s. • Abandoned mass privatisatins in favour of maintaining public responsibilties. • Maintained traditional street patterns and housing design. • Reject early plan of radical modernise housing development.
  14. 14. Case Study : Cont. • Project characterised by excellent co-op between public and private stakeholders. • Received financial subsidies from both the city and the District.