European Urban Design for
Part 1:Introduction,Budapest City
The capital and the largest city of Hungary ,the largest in East-
Central Europe and the seventh largest in the European Union.
The city covers an area of 525 square kilometres (202.7 sq mi).
In 2011, Budapest had 1.74 million inhabitants.
Part 2 : Budapest Development Concept
Medium-Term City Development Programme For Budapest (
The Podmaniczky Programme) :-
3 main objectives :-
1) The town should be made more pleasant to live in
2) It should become more competitive
3) It should show more social awareness
1) The pedestrianised city centre
2) The improvements in public transport
3) Development of certain inner areas
Part 2 : Cont.
Elements of core programme
Extended project - elements
Part 3 : Core Programme
Programme elements resulting in a more dynamic town :-
1) The complete setting up of the Budapest Transport
2) Enlargement of the Park n Ride (P+R) system
3) Continual updating of public transport vehicles
4) Making the redevelopment of public roads more intensive
5) Widening Nagy Lajos király Road
6) Enlargement of the cycle path network
Part 3 : Cont.
Sustainability (in term of environment) :-
1) The development of green areas (Orczy Garden,
and the park on Csepel Island)
2) Increased cleaning of public places – above the earmarked
3) The redevelopment of the centralised heating
Part 3 :Cont.
Economic & Social :-
1) Encouraging tourism by means of effective marketing
2) Exploiting the hi-tech area to its fullest potential.
3) Improving the quality of trading standards
4) Recreational and cultural use of Közraktárak
5) The development of the cultural centre at Erzsébet Square
• Demand for easing the long distance and
international flow of goods over-riding local
• Overcome negative effects such as excessive
car-based mobility and urban sprawl.
• Growing prosperity and wealth, increase
demands for improved quality of life.
Overall Objective of Sustainable Urban
• Achieve healthy and high quality of life for all
people in this and subsequent generations.
• Number of procedural constraints.
• System of territorial admin is unwieldy with no
admin at intermediate level, eg : no tiers of gov.
between even the smallest village and the 19
• Develpoer constrained by simple zoning
regulations and difficulty to influence in design
• Numerous environmental agencies control zoning
plan/building codes but their acitivity is less
• Little way of policies, economic incentives and
• No land value tax that could help finance land
development ( regenaration of brown-field
area and inner city renewal)
• Most of state-owned agencies and companies
have been dissolved in most Hungarian cities.
• Dissolved of this agencies leaving little
expertise on the public side.
• No public companies or public-private
companies to address social housing needs.
Case Study : Ferencvaros, 9th District of
• An example of sucessful public-private urban
• Based on adoption of market-based housing
policies since early 1980s.
• Abandoned mass privatisatins in favour of
maintaining public responsibilties.
• Maintained traditional street patterns and
• Reject early plan of radical modernise housing
Case Study : Cont.
• Project characterised by excellent co-op
between public and private stakeholders.
• Received financial subsidies from both the city
and the District.