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Felicia Bessent - Lesson Design 2011


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Felicia Bessent - Lesson Design 2011

  1. 1. Problem Based Learning (PBL) NASA Ames Research Center Pre-Service Teacher Institute presented by Felicia A. Bessent, Principal Edward Harris, Jr. Middle School NASA Explorer School Elk Grove, California
  2. 2. Edward Harris, Jr. Middle School Elk Grove, CA (adjacent to Sacramento, CA)
  3. 3. Lesson Agenda <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Class Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Team Members’ Role </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Based Learning (PBL) </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Questions & Answers </li></ul><ul><li>Extended Learning Assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Sample Mission Patches </li></ul>
  4. 4. Lesson Objectives <ul><li>By the end of the lesson, students will be able to </li></ul><ul><li>Explain problem based learning </li></ul><ul><li>Identify STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) skills in the Problem and Challenge Scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Create vocabulary list from Problem and Challenge Scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate Mission Patches </li></ul>
  5. 5. Class Expectations <ul><li>Stay Engaged in Lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Work as a Team </li></ul><ul><li>Silence Cell Phones </li></ul><ul><li>During Direct Instruction Avoid Side Conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Be an Active Listener </li></ul>
  6. 6. Team Members’ Role Lead Astronaut: Leader of the group. Provisions/Supply Astronaut: Distribution/collection of any supplies Communications Astronaut: Spokesperson for the group Documentation Astronaut: Documenting the progress of the group via a blog and/or journal Community Relations Astronaut: Works closely with the other groups to arrange activities and meetings Quality Control Astronaut: This person is responsible for ensuring a healthy environment.
  7. 7. Problem Based Learning (PBL) <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Began in the education of medical students who experienced difficulty applying basic science knowledge in order to diagnose based upon patient symptoms by Dr. Howard S. Barrows, physician and neurophysiologist </li></ul><ul><li>Some students have difficulty connecting theoretical data vs. empirical data. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical Data – data gained by predictions or speculations that have not been adequately tested. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empirical Data – data gained by observation, experience, or experiment. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Problem Based Learning (PBL) <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><li>A student-centered instructional strategy closely aligned to the scientific inquiry. </li></ul><ul><li>Students are actively engaged in the learning process and work in collaborative groups to a complex problem. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher is a facilitator. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Problem Based Learning (PBL) <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Students develop skills: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquiry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective problem-solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-directed learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intrinsic motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lifelong learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>through scientific thinking and critical thinking </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Problem Based Learning (PBL) <ul><li>Components </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test or assess solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report results or findings </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Problem Based Learning (PBL) <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students have autonomy on learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher role is a facilitator and/or coach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active student engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevant to real world application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Problem Based Learning (PBL) Process <ul><li>Read Problem Scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>In your group, select a student to read the problem scenario orally. While listening to the problem scenario, underline unknown words. Create a vocabulary list and write the definition of each word. If appropriate, write definition in student friendly language. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>NASA PROBLEM </li></ul><ul><li>The year is 2026. You are commander of the first 10 person outpost on the planet Mars. As NASA explorers, your job is to pave the way for human settlements. The landing location was selected by NASA because of its high probability of having resources required to sustain a settlement. </li></ul>Problem Scenario: Human Mars Settlement
  14. 14. <ul><li>NASA PROBLEM </li></ul><ul><li>Your job is to validate that the resources are present by collecting samples and returning them to Earth. In addition to the crew, the outpost is equipped with Mission Collection Tools (MCT). </li></ul><ul><li>Up to three team members explore with the Mars Crew Exploration Vehicle (MCEV) which has supplies (air, food and water) allowing the team to explore for up to 3 days away from the outpost. </li></ul>Problem Scenario: Human Mars Settlement
  15. 15. <ul><li>NASA PROBLEM </li></ul><ul><li>The MCEV is also equipped with a small aircraft called the Mini Aerial Regional-scale Environmental Survey (MARES) that is used for map making, reconnaissance and atmospheric collection. The MARES has a 10 kg payload capacity and a range of 10 km. The outpost receives deliveries from an unmanned NASA re-supply rocket. Each delivery contains food, supplies, equipment, and a mini-return rocket (MRR). Every ten days a MRR returns to Earth carrying up to 10 kg of samples. </li></ul>Problem Scenario: Human Mars Settlement
  16. 16. <ul><li>NASA PROBLEM </li></ul><ul><li>The outpost has a solar powered Mars Exploration Rover (MER) that can collect rocks and soil and record digital imagery. The MER has a maximum speed of 5 km/hr when fully charged and can carry up to 10 kg of samples within a 4 liter storage container. </li></ul>Problem Scenario: Human Mars Settlement
  17. 17. <ul><li>NASA Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>NASA sent this outpost team to collect samples to help determine a future settlement location. The outpost team has a variety of resources (Crew, MCEV, MARES, MRR and MER) available for the collection of Martian rock, soil, ice (water and CO2) and atmospheric samples. The most promising samples are returned to Earth using the MRR cycle. Your team must make a plan for an efficient 30-day collection mission to gather a variety of samples from the largest area surrounding the outpost. </li></ul>Problem Scenario: Human Mars Settlement
  18. 18. Problem Scenario – Space Exploration Vocabulary Words <ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary </li></ul>
  19. 19. Problem Scenario – Space Exploration Vocabulary Words <ul><li>NASA </li></ul><ul><li>comet </li></ul><ul><li>international </li></ul><ul><li>abruptly </li></ul><ul><li>sleep cycle </li></ul><ul><li>immediate </li></ul><ul><li>evacuate </li></ul><ul><li>module </li></ul><ul><li>asteroid </li></ul><ul><li>await </li></ul><ul><li>self-contained </li></ul><ul><li>life-sustaining </li></ul><ul><li>habitat </li></ul><ul><li>ensure </li></ul><ul><li>resources </li></ul><ul><li>mission specialist </li></ul><ul><li>small-scale </li></ul><ul><li>pod </li></ul><ul><li>vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>mission </li></ul>
  20. 20. Problem Based Learning (PBL) Process <ul><li>Step 1 – Problem Scenario Phase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read the real world problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain clarification about the problem and the task. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gather background information on the inquiry topic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify vocabulary words in problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Problem Analysis Phase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facts List - known facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to Know - unknown facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Issues - research unknown facts in order to solve the problem </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Problem Based Learning (PBL) Process <ul><li>Step 3 – Conduct the Mission Phase – Test the Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainstorm ideas on how to solve the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Learning Issues to Solve Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional resources and information are needed to solve the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine hands-on activities to collect and analyze data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explore by collecting and analyzing actual data; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Model the situation to test their thesis </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Problem Based Learning (PBL) Process <ul><li>Step 4 – Presentation Phase </li></ul><ul><li>Report findings and write results of the investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Present best solution and share it with the other students </li></ul><ul><li>Revise solution based on feedback </li></ul>
  23. 23. Problem Based Learning (PBL) Skills and Activities Subject Skills Activities S cience T echnology E ngineering M athematics
  24. 24. Problem Based Learning (PBL) Skills and Activities Each member of the team must have a career title and responsibilities. Career Title Responsibility Mission Specialist
  25. 25. Problem Based Learning (PBL) <ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answers </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Problem Based Learning (PBL) <ul><ul><li>Extended Learning Assignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete vocabulary worksheet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Session 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Based Learning Lesson Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Based Learning Lesson Unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STEM Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Members Job Titles and Duties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Rules and Expectations </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. What is a team? <ul><li>A group of people with a high degree of interdependence geared toward the achievement of a goal or completion of a task. </li></ul><ul><li>T ogether E veryone A chieves M ore </li></ul>
  28. 28. T ogether E veryone A chieves M ore <ul><li>Teamwork … </li></ul><ul><li>gives you the opportunity to work together , </li></ul><ul><li>you l earn from each other, </li></ul><ul><li>support one another, and </li></ul><ul><li>accomplish more. </li></ul>