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1
WHO’S MINDING
THE NEIGHBORHOOD?
TOO MANY HURDLES, TOO LITTLE HELP
Kids who leave
school before
graduating face
much more
adversity
than their peers
who gr...
TOO MANY HURDLES, TOO LITTLE HELP
3
Below 100% poverty 400%+ above poverty
0 Adversities 26% 68%
1-2 Adversities 46% 27%
3...
4
RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
The SOURCE and TYPE matter.
5
Source Type
Parent (family) Emotional
Adults in school Instrumental
Adu...
An ANCHOR
is not enough.
Young people
need a web of
support.
AN ANCHOR AND A WEB
6
7
| Adult Capacity Study 8
Can the adult capacity in a community be
implicated in the reduction in the
disconnected youth ra...
• Community capacity associated
with developmental outcomes of a
community’s youth (Leventhal,
Dupere & Brooks-Gunn, 2009)...
| Adult Capacity Study 10
ANALYSIS
• Decennial Census data from
1970-2010
• Adult-to-Youth ratio as proxy
for community’s ...
| Adult Capacity Study 11
KEY FINDINGS
Trends in Rates of Youth Leaving School
• Steady improvement in disconnected
youth ...
| Adult Capacity Study 12
KEY FINDINGS
Adult capacity
• 1 percent increase in Adult-to-Youth ratio related to 1
percent de...
| Adult Capacity Study 13
COMMUNITY COMMONS LINK
BUILDING BLOCKS FOR
LEARNING
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Caring Adults Matter in the Face of Adversity: What Does a Community’s “Adult Capacity” Mean for Keeping Youth on a Path to Graduation? by Dr. Jonathan Zaff - Community Convention 2016

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America's Promise Alliance Community Convention 2016

Too many young people experience a severe level of adversity in their homes, schools, and communities. More than one-quarter of those from families living in poverty experience enough adversity to negatively affect their long-term health and educational outcomes. Science and practice tells us that relationships with caring, supportive adults and peers can buffer the impacts of adversity, encourage the social and emotional competencies a young person needs to succeed in school and life, and help a young person navigate the complexities of life. For this session discussed the role of adversity in young people’s lives and how the most scalable solution, people, can be leveraged to support young people through these adversities. 
Created by
Dr. Jonathan Zaff, Center for Promise

Published in: Education
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Caring Adults Matter in the Face of Adversity: What Does a Community’s “Adult Capacity” Mean for Keeping Youth on a Path to Graduation? by Dr. Jonathan Zaff - Community Convention 2016

  1. 1. 1 WHO’S MINDING THE NEIGHBORHOOD?
  2. 2. TOO MANY HURDLES, TOO LITTLE HELP Kids who leave school before graduating face much more adversity than their peers who graduate on time. | Don’t Quit On Me 2
  3. 3. TOO MANY HURDLES, TOO LITTLE HELP 3 Below 100% poverty 400%+ above poverty 0 Adversities 26% 68% 1-2 Adversities 46% 27% 3+ Adversities 28% 5%
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. RELATIONSHIPS MATTER The SOURCE and TYPE matter. 5 Source Type Parent (family) Emotional Adults in school Instrumental Adults outside of school Informational Peers Appraisal
  6. 6. An ANCHOR is not enough. Young people need a web of support. AN ANCHOR AND A WEB 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. | Adult Capacity Study 8 Can the adult capacity in a community be implicated in the reduction in the disconnected youth rate within urban neighborhoods? ADULT CAPACITY STUDY
  9. 9. • Community capacity associated with developmental outcomes of a community’s youth (Leventhal, Dupere & Brooks-Gunn, 2009). • Youth-focused neighborhood assets substantive predictors of youth’s educational success (Zaff & Smerdon, 2009; Zaff, 2010). • These assets are predicated on the adults within them. | Adult Capacity Study 9 RELEVANT RESEARCH & THEORY
  10. 10. | Adult Capacity Study 10 ANALYSIS • Decennial Census data from 1970-2010 • Adult-to-Youth ratio as proxy for community’s adult capacity • Examined relation between Adult-to-Youth Ratio and Rate of Youth Leaving School
  11. 11. | Adult Capacity Study 11 KEY FINDINGS Trends in Rates of Youth Leaving School • Steady improvement in disconnected youth rate since 1970. • Substantial variation between state, within state, and within city in neighborhood-level change rate.
  12. 12. | Adult Capacity Study 12 KEY FINDINGS Adult capacity • 1 percent increase in Adult-to-Youth ratio related to 1 percent decrease in rate of youth leaving school –7 more adult adults in a community related to one fewer young person leaving school. • Effect more pronounced predominantly African American communities– 30% greater effect (5.4 more adults to one fewer young person leaving school). • Effect more pronounced in higher income communities – 12% greater effect.
  13. 13. | Adult Capacity Study 13 COMMUNITY COMMONS LINK
  14. 14. BUILDING BLOCKS FOR LEARNING

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