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Fostering Service Learning with Community Research - American Honors Faculty Conference 2016

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By Charles "Chip" Dodd, Shoreline Community College
Professor - Geography

Visit facultyconference.americanhonors.org

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Fostering Service Learning with Community Research - American Honors Faculty Conference 2016

  1. 1. Chip Dodd (Geography, Shoreline CC)Chip Dodd (Geography, Shoreline CC) Emma Agosta (Geology, Shoreline CC)Emma Agosta (Geology, Shoreline CC) Brian Landau (City of Shoreline SurfaceBrian Landau (City of Shoreline Surface Water and Environmental Services Program)Water and Environmental Services Program) FOSTERING SERVICE-LEARNINGFOSTERING SERVICE-LEARNING WITH COMMUNITY RESEARCH:WITH COMMUNITY RESEARCH: MONITORING THE FLUVIAL SYSTEMMONITORING THE FLUVIAL SYSTEM OF BOEING CREEK (SHORELINE,OF BOEING CREEK (SHORELINE, WA)WA)
  2. 2. Boeing Creek Watershed
  3. 3. Boeing Creek Watershed Open-channel Piped stream City Hall 1,840 acres in Shoreline
  4. 4. Study area Boeing CreekBoeing Creek
  5. 5. Boeing CreekBoeing Creek
  6. 6. Brief Overview of Boeing Creek Watershed • 1800 acre watershed (Park ~100 acres) • Boeing Creek channel 1.5 miles long • 2 branches, upper channels intermittent flow • Channel flows through extremely erodible glacial till and outwash • Over 70% of watershed developed • Site of several large flood control projects
  7. 7. Boeing Creek Geology • Geology includes Vashon till at higher elevations that overlies glacial recessional outwash sands (Esperance Sands) that overlie transitional beds (Lawton Clay) • Study reach is predominantly in outwash • Outwash sands provide a dynamic environment due to high sediment mobility and slope instability
  8. 8. Boeing Creek Geology Ravine Depositional area
  9. 9. History of Land Use 1870s Major logging 1904 Boeing estate 1910-15 Highlands water system 1964-70 Development of the Sears Complex & Shoreline Community College 1970 Major flooding occurs (Hidden Lake fills in) 1971-82 King County Flood Control Projects (Parts I,II) 1988 More flooding 1990 King County flood control projects (Part III) 1996 Hidden Lake Restored 1996-97 Floods & “Al Gore Memorial Sink Hole” 2006 City initiates stormwater projects
  10. 10. New Delta from 12/07 flooding event
  11. 11. Boeing Creek Watershed as a Outdoor SCC Classroom • Long-term vegetation and water quality monitoring • Champion Tree Project • Salmon Education Program • Various Restoration Events (plantings, removal of invasives) • Stream Monitoring Projects for Geog 203, Geol& 101 and Geol& 110
  12. 12. Participating Courses • Geology& 101: Introduction the Geology – An introductory survey course to geology with emphasis on interpretation of Earth’s materials and internal processes. Lab Science course. • Geology& 110: Environmental Geology – An introductory-level geology course exploring the relations between geological processes and human populations including the impacts of human activities on the environment . Lab Science course. • Geography 203: Cartography, Landforms and Landform Analysis – An introductory course to Geomorphology (surface processes) with emphasis and map and data interpretation and human relationships with surface processes. Lab Science course.
  13. 13. Boeing Creek Learning Opportunities • Accessible < 15 minute walk • Diverse Examples of Geomorphic Processes – fluvial deposition (deltas, stream bars) – fluvial erosion (cut banks, terraces) – fluvial dynamics (channel migration, flooding) – mass wasting (slumps, slides, creep) – glacial deposition (hazards) – human disruption (structures and foot traffic - canine and human) – human mitigation (slope stability, channel stability) • Observation over Time – comparison of sites and effects of extreme weather, human activity (in watershed and along channel) over many years
  14. 14. Goals of the Stream Monitoring Project and Learning Outcomes • Establish a set of systematic and long-term observations of erosion, flooding and slope stability along Boeing Creek in Boeing Creek Park. • Develop “hands-on and deep learning” on stream flow and slope dynamics. • Identify human impact on stream and slope dynamics. • Expose students to urban stream conservation issues. • Provide City of Shoreline Surface Water Program with systematic time series observations and reports for long-term planning and maintenance. Information collected will be used for watershed management. • Provide Shoreline CC with systematic time series observations, for long-term monitoring of campus impact on Boeing Creek watershed in compliance with the College Master Plan.
  15. 15. Boeing Creek Project Stages 1) Pilot (2009) - setup project objectives and initial format - preliminary feedback: recognize limitations and opportunities - coordinate with City of Shoreline Surface Water and Environmental Services Program to establish service learning component 2) Establish more consistent and systematic format for data collection and representation over time and between courses. 3) Integrate prior observations with current projects to understand long term dynamics of Boeing Creek watershed. 4) This information will be shared annually with City of Shoreline Surface Water Program and integrated into the stream monitoring program.
  16. 16. Changes During 2010-2016 • Expanded to three courses • Introduced Channel Cross Section Measurement • Experience Gained in Monitoring Procedures • Student Evaluation of Projects
  17. 17. Observation sites #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 Site Locations
  18. 18. Project Format • Students work in Groups of 4-6 • Walk down to Boeing Creek Orientation to Creek and Park (instructor/class/surface water manager) – Overview of the creek area – Site delineation and group assignments – Review observational methods • Field observations and note-taking (student groups) • Project Report in written and power point format with maps, images and measurements (student groups)
  19. 19. Data Collection Methods • image study areas using standardized landscape references
  20. 20. N E D C B Water source A Observation Point: N 47° 45’ 15.06” W 122° 21’ 46.08 Pink Rock: 47° 45’ 13.92” N 122° 21’ 45.6” W Control Point A: 47° 45’ 13.74” N, 122° 21’ 44.1” W Control Point B: 47° 45’ 13.86” N, 122° 21’ 44.76” W Control Point C: 47° 45’ 14.52” N, 122° 21’ 45.9” W Control Point D: 47° 45’ 15.12” N, 122° 21’ 46.14” W Control Point E: 47° 45’ 15.66” N, 122° 21’ 46.32” W Team “Fun Gaiz” W 15
  21. 21. Data Collection Methods • standardized survey of channel cross sections (channel depth and width) Team “The Mongooses” W 16
  22. 22. Data Collection Methods • high resolution GPS of thalweg position (longitudinal profile and channel migration)
  23. 23. Ready to gather data; mass wasting in background marker 1. Team “Detritivores” W 10
  24. 24. Measurements require cooperation and attention to detail.
  25. 25. Measuring height to stream and azimuth from marker. Team “Detritivores” W 10
  26. 26. and perseverance. . . Team “Cross Sections” W 14
  27. 27. STREAM DYNAMICS DATE: 03/12/2012 Team “Solifluction” W 12
  28. 28. Team “Zzyxx” W 16
  29. 29. Site 1 CKD 2/25/16
  30. 30. Site 1 Team “Dimaggio” W 16
  31. 31. Site 1 Team “Dimaggio” W 16
  32. 32. Cross SectionCross Section TrunkBank Bar Channel Bank Length inch D e p t h
  33. 33. CROSS SECTION (WATER LEVEL IMPOSED) DATE 03/12/2012 – 4:15 PM AFTER 1” (APPROX) PRECIPITATION IN 24 HOURS WATER LEVEL 03/12/2012 – 4:15 PM WATER LEVEL
  34. 34. Positive Results from Boeing Creek Stream Monitoring • Project effective in developing group work skills. • Project as a “capstone” very effective at integrating concepts from cartography and geomorphology (fluvial, mass wasting, glacial). • Expose students to urban stream conservation issues. • Expose students to institutional and physical processes that influence place. • Provide City of Shoreline Surface Water Program with systematic time series observations and reports for long-term planning and maintenance.
  35. 35. Issues to be Addressed with Boeing Creek Stream Monitoring • Consistency in quality of observations. • Service Learning role dependent of personal and institutional relationships with City of Shoreline.
  36. 36. Boeing Creek Stream Monitoring Land Use Geology (Highly Developed) + (glacial deposits) * Access = EFFECTIVE LEARNING OPPORTUNITY (L + G) A = ELO
  37. 37. Student Course Evaluations Geog 203 Winter 2011, 2012, 2013 Please rate the effectiveness of the following in enhancing learning: The textbook Introducing Physical Geography 4.09 Lectures 4.78* Online Readings 3.48 On-line Discussions 3.07 Labs 4.37 Boeing Creek Service Learning Project 4.62 Overall Rating of the Course 4.35 N = 53
  38. 38. Student Course Evaluations Geog 203 Winter 2010 Comments: “Hands on learning is what I think is most useful.” “Fun and intense! Found a place to relax and escape.” “This project felt legitimately useful. It’s always nice to learn for a sake other than just learning.” “It was fun getting to put concepts learned in class into practice & I enjoyed being able to contribute something of value to future classes and the city.” “Fun and demanding but not enough time.” “Would like to see 1-2 more class periods down at the creek, observing and learning in more detail.”
  39. 39. E N W S A C B East Bank West Bank D E F Remaining Stairs Stream Boundaries Banks Stream Direction Human Traffic/trails Floodplain Boundary Control Locations Discussed Rocks “8” Post (control marker) Man Made Structure “Ravine” THE Location “A” ison theEast bank approx. 8 metersSW of “8” Post Location “B” ison theWest bank approx. 9 metersNW of thestairsLocation “C” isnext to the stream Approx. 17 metersW of “8” Post Location “D” ison floodplain Approx. 10 metersNE of location “C” Location “E” isin stream approx. 16 metersNNE of location “A” Location “F” ison slumping slopeapprox. 26 meter SE of location “E” Location “G’ ison remaining stairsapprox. 9 metersW of location “B” Control Marker
  40. 40. Geography205Spring2008 Shot at location A, facing WSW on 5-20-08 at 12:45 after light precipitation. Obvious mass wasting processes.Shot at location A, facing WSW on 5-20-08 at 12:45 after light precipitation. Obvious mass wasting processes.
  41. 41. Geography205Spring2008 Shot at location A, facing WSW on 5-20-08 at 12:45 after light precipitation. Obvious mass wasting processes.Shot at location A, facing WSW on 5-20-08 at 12:45 after light precipitation. Obvious mass wasting processes.

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